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On Generating Functions of Quadruple Hypergeometric Function

Maged G. Bin-Saad , Jihad Ahmed Younis
Turkish Journal of Analysis and Number Theory. 2019, 7(1), 5-10. DOI: 10.12691/tjant-7-1-2
Received November 09, 2018; Revised January 18, 2019; Accepted January 27, 2019

Abstract

In this work, by using Laplace integral representation of quadruple function defined in [1], we introduce new generating functions involving some triple hyper-geometric functions and itself. Some particular cases and consequences of our main results are also considered.

1. Introduction

Recently, Bin-Saad et al. 1 introduced five new quadruple hyper-geometric functions whose names are to investigate their five Laplace integral representations which include the confluent hyper-geometric function , , a Humbert functions and in their kernels. Very recently Bin-Saad and Younis 2 established new integral representations of Euler type for some hyper-geometric functions of four variables, whose kernels include the quadruple hyper-geometric functions , of which is defined as follows

(1.1)

where denotes the Pochhammer symbol given by and .

The following is the Laplace integral representation of the function (see 1):

(1.2)

In diverse areas in applied mathematics and mathematical physics, generating functions play an important role in the investigation of various useful properties of the sequences which they generate. These are used to find certain properties and formulas for numbers and polynomials in a wide range of research subjects such as modern combinatory. One can refer the extensive work of Srivastava and Manocha 3 for a systematic introduction to, and several interesting and useful applications of the various methods of obtaining linear, bilinear, bilateral or mixed multilateral generating functions for a fairly wide variety of sequences of hyper-geometric functions and polynomials in one, two or more variables, among much abundant literature. In fact, a remarkable large number of generating functions involving a variety of hyper-geometric functions have been developed by many authors (for example 4, 5, 6, 7 and the related references therein). Here, we use the integral representation of the hyper-geometric function of four variables o obtain new generating functions involving Exton’s functions ,,,of three variables, the Lauricella functions of three variables and the quadruple functions itself. Some special cases of the main results here are also considered.

2. Generating Functions

For our purpose, we begin by recalling Exton's functions of three variables ,, and defined by

(2.1)
(2.2)
(2.3)

and

(2.4)

respectively (see 8). Lauricella hyper-geometric functions of three variables are as below (see 9)

(2.5)
(2.6)

Now, we begin the following theorem:

(2.7)
(2.8)
(2.9)
(2.10)
(2.11)
(2.12)
(2.13)
(2.14)
(2.15)
(2.16)

Proof. To prove the above relations, we need the following formulae (cf. 3, 10, 11, 12):

(2.17)
(2.18)
(2.19)
(2.20)
(2.21)
(2.22)
(2.23)
(2.24)

For the convenience, we denote the left hand side of (2.7) with , using (1.2)

by using (2.23), we have

The function which appears in above equation can be replaced by its series form and then interchanging the order of the summation and integral sign which is permissible here, we get

Now, use of (2.17), (2.18) and (2.19), in above equation and then simplified with series manipulation completes the proof of relation (2.7). From the relations (2.17) to (2. 24), one can easily obtain the other generating functions.

3. Special Cases

It is easy to observe that the main results (2.7) to (2.16) gave a number generating functions and transformations for the hhyper-geometric series of four variables . In the present section, we will mention only some special cases. setting in (2.7) to (2.16), we obtain the following relations:

(3.1)
(3.2)
(3.3)
(3.4)
(3.5)
(3.6)
(3.7)
(3.8)
(3.9)
(3.10)

Equations (3.2), (3.7) and (3.9) with , yield Exton's results 8. Equations (3.4), (3.5) and (3.10) with , yields the known results 8. If we put in (3.8), we get

(3.11)

Now, if in (2.7) and (2.9), we take , we shall obtain the following generating functions :

(3.12)
(3.13)

A special case of (3.13) when yields the well-known results (see 8).

4. Conclusion and Observation

Based on Laplace integral representation of the quadruple function defined in 1, we introduce new generating functions for the function involving triple hyper-geometric functions. Some particular cases and consequences of our main results are also considered. We conclude this investigation by remarking that the schema suggested in the derivation of the results in this work can be applied to find other new generating functions of other four variables hyper-geometric series and study their particular cases.

References

[1]  Maged G. Bin-Saad, A.Younis, Jihad, and R. Aktaş, Integral representations for certain quadruple hyper-geometric series", Far East J. Math. Sci., 103, 21-44.2018.
In article      
 
[2]  Maged G. Bin-Saad and A.Younis, Jihad, "Some Integral Representations for Certain Quadruple Hyper-geometric Functions", MATLAB J., 1, 61-68. 2018.
In article      
 
[3]  H. M. Srivastava and H. L. Manocha, A Treatise on Generating Functions, Ellis Horwood Lt1., Chichester, 1984.
In article      
 
[4]  P. Agarwal and C. L. Koul, "On generating functions", J. Rajasthan Acad. Phy., Sci. 2(3), 173-180. 2003.
In article      
 
[5]  J. Choi and P. Agarwal, "Certain generating functions involving Appell series", Far East J. Math. Sci., 84, 25-32.2014.
In article      
 
[6]  H. M. Srivastava, "Certain generating functions of several variables", Z. Angew. Math. Mech. 57, 339-340. 1977.
In article      View Article
 
[7]  H. M. Srivastava, P. Agarwal and S. Jain, "Generating functions for the generalized Gauss hyper-geometric functions", Appl. Math. Comput., 247, 348-352.2014.
In article      
 
[8]  H. Exton, "Hyper-geometric functions of three variables", J. Indian Acad. Math. 4, 113-119. 1982.
In article      
 
[9]  Lauricella, G., "Sull funzioni ipergeometric a più variabili.:, Rend. Cric. Mat. Palermo 7, 111-158. 1893.
In article      View Article
 
[10]  A. Erdélyi, W. Magnus, F. Oberhettinger and F. G., Tricomi, Higher Transcendental Functions. Vol. I, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, Toronto and London, 1953.
In article      
 
[11]  E. D. Rainville, Special Functions, Macmillan Company, New York, 1960, Reprinted by Chelsea Publishing Company, Bronx, New York, 1971.
In article      
 
[12]  H. M. Srivastava and P. W. Karlsson, Multiple Gaussian Hypergeometric Series, Halsted Press, Bristone, London, New York and Toronto, 1985.
In article      
 

Published with license by Science and Education Publishing, Copyright © 2019 Maged G. Bin-Saad and Jihad Ahmed Younis

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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Normal Style
Maged G. Bin-Saad, Jihad Ahmed Younis. On Generating Functions of Quadruple Hypergeometric Function . Turkish Journal of Analysis and Number Theory. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2019, pp 5-10. http://pubs.sciepub.com/tjant/7/1/2
MLA Style
Bin-Saad, Maged G., and Jihad Ahmed Younis. "On Generating Functions of Quadruple Hypergeometric Function ." Turkish Journal of Analysis and Number Theory 7.1 (2019): 5-10.
APA Style
Bin-Saad, M. G. , & Younis, J. A. (2019). On Generating Functions of Quadruple Hypergeometric Function . Turkish Journal of Analysis and Number Theory, 7(1), 5-10.
Chicago Style
Bin-Saad, Maged G., and Jihad Ahmed Younis. "On Generating Functions of Quadruple Hypergeometric Function ." Turkish Journal of Analysis and Number Theory 7, no. 1 (2019): 5-10.
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[1]  Maged G. Bin-Saad, A.Younis, Jihad, and R. Aktaş, Integral representations for certain quadruple hyper-geometric series", Far East J. Math. Sci., 103, 21-44.2018.
In article      
 
[2]  Maged G. Bin-Saad and A.Younis, Jihad, "Some Integral Representations for Certain Quadruple Hyper-geometric Functions", MATLAB J., 1, 61-68. 2018.
In article      
 
[3]  H. M. Srivastava and H. L. Manocha, A Treatise on Generating Functions, Ellis Horwood Lt1., Chichester, 1984.
In article      
 
[4]  P. Agarwal and C. L. Koul, "On generating functions", J. Rajasthan Acad. Phy., Sci. 2(3), 173-180. 2003.
In article      
 
[5]  J. Choi and P. Agarwal, "Certain generating functions involving Appell series", Far East J. Math. Sci., 84, 25-32.2014.
In article      
 
[6]  H. M. Srivastava, "Certain generating functions of several variables", Z. Angew. Math. Mech. 57, 339-340. 1977.
In article      View Article
 
[7]  H. M. Srivastava, P. Agarwal and S. Jain, "Generating functions for the generalized Gauss hyper-geometric functions", Appl. Math. Comput., 247, 348-352.2014.
In article      
 
[8]  H. Exton, "Hyper-geometric functions of three variables", J. Indian Acad. Math. 4, 113-119. 1982.
In article      
 
[9]  Lauricella, G., "Sull funzioni ipergeometric a più variabili.:, Rend. Cric. Mat. Palermo 7, 111-158. 1893.
In article      View Article
 
[10]  A. Erdélyi, W. Magnus, F. Oberhettinger and F. G., Tricomi, Higher Transcendental Functions. Vol. I, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, Toronto and London, 1953.
In article      
 
[11]  E. D. Rainville, Special Functions, Macmillan Company, New York, 1960, Reprinted by Chelsea Publishing Company, Bronx, New York, 1971.
In article      
 
[12]  H. M. Srivastava and P. W. Karlsson, Multiple Gaussian Hypergeometric Series, Halsted Press, Bristone, London, New York and Toronto, 1985.
In article