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Study of Target Recognition of MAA-based Molecularly Imprinted Polymer (MIP) Using Density Functional Theory (DFT) Computation on the Interaction of Methacrylic Acid (MAA)-D-Glucose

Widayani , T D K Wungu, S E Marsha, Suprijadi
Journal of Polymer and Biopolymer Physics Chemistry. 2017, 5(1), 10-12. DOI: 10.12691/jpbpc-5-1-2
Published online: September 29, 2017

Abstract

Methacrylic Acid (MAA) based Molecularly Imprinted Polymer (MIP) is potentially used as an active material for biosensor. MIP is prepared to contain cavities that are leaved by template molecules. In the next time, target molecules that have a similar physical structure and properties with that of target molecules, can be trapped in the cavities. The main mechanism of the target recognition is the similarity of the space structure of the cavities and target molecules, but the molecular interaction between MAA and target molecules is also important. In this study, the interaction between two MAA molecules and one D-Glucose molecule is investigated using the Density Functional Theory (DFT). In the calculation, the Gaussian 09 with B3LYP and 631+G(d) basis sets is used to calculate all the electronic properties. The presence of the interaction was observed through the changes of the distances between specified atoms of the two molecules. The result is in line with the previous experimental study on potentiometric measurement of MAA-based MIP sensor for D-glucose as target molecule.

1. Introduction

Molecularly Imprinted Polymers (MIPs) which have been attracted many researchers around the world, have specific characteristic structure cavities as with template molecules. The studies on the application of MIPs cover many research areas such as biosensors 1, 2, solid-phase extraction 3, 4, chromatography 5, and drug delivery 6. In the preparation of MIPs, molecularly imprinting polymerization, the imprinting process takes place during the polymerization process, after which the template molecules were then removed from the polymer network. This results in cavities that are similar to the template molecules. 7, 8, 9, 10.

Since the cavities in a MIP can be filled with molecules having the same or similar space structure to that of cavities, the MIP can be used as active sensor materials. In the target recognition process, i.e. MAA-based MIP, beside the similarity of space structure of cavities and target molecules, the molecular interaction between MAA and target molecules also plays an important role. Target recognition of MAA-based MIP with D-glucose as target molecule has been studied through Potentiometric measurement 11. The result shows that the MIP is potentially used as active sensor material. The interaction between MAA and D-glucose as target molecules has been examined computationally using Density Functional Theory (DFT) for one MAA molecule and one D-glucose molecule 12. In fact, there should be more than one MAA molecule and one D-glucose is involved in the target recognition. In this study the interaction between two MAA molecules and one D-glucose molecule has been examined using Density Functional Theory (DFT).

The synthesis route of MAA-based MIP using D-glucose as template molecules has been discussed 13. The polymerization was carried out at 60°C for 21 h. Unreacted monomers were removed using several solvent (acetonitrile, methanol, acetic acid, and aquabidest). The cavities were formed after the template was removed. Next, the cavities can recognize the target molecules, i.e. D-glucose.

2. Computational Method

The iteration process in DFT computation is shown by Figure 1. The DFT was applied at ground state (temperature 0K). Initially, the position of each atom of each molecule was defined. After a series of iteration computation process through Effective Potential calculation, solving the Kohn-Sham Equations and evaluate the electron density and total energy, the final position was defined.

A molecule structure of MAA (Figure 2a) consists of 12 atoms while a molecule structure of D-Glucose (Figure 2b) consists of 22 atoms. The optimization calculation has been done by completely relaxing all atoms without any symmetry constraint. The optimized structure of one MAA molecule and one D-glucose molecule is shown in Figure 2.

Next, the initial arrangement of two MAA molecules and one D-glucose molecule is shown by Figure 3. Notice the distance between two closely spaced specific atoms of the two different molecules.

To calculate all the electronic properties, the DFT method was carried out using the Gaussian 09 Program. The molecular properties of M and D-Glucose molecules, was calculated using the B3LYP/6-311+G(d) basis set.

3. Results and Discussion

After the computation process, it was found that the final arrangement has different configuration with the initial one. Figure 4 shows the new arrangement after the computation process. The interaction between the MAA and D-Glucose molecules is represented by the changes in the distance between marked atoms: O8-H15, O2-H10 and O6-H19 as follow:

After the computation, there are three distances decrease (O2-H10, O6-H19 and C4-C11) and one distance increases (O8-H15). As the changes were dominated by decreases in the distance of atoms of two different molecules, thus in overall, the changes show that the three molecules get closer. This indicates the presence of attractive physical interaction between the molecules.

Previous DFT study on one MAA molecule and one D-Glucose molecule also shows similar result 12. It means that the attractive physical interaction between MAA and D-glucose consistently occurs. This interaction supposes to contribute in the target (D-Glucose) recognition for MAA-based MIP. The previous experimental study on potentiometric measurement of MAA-based MIP sensor for D-glucose as target molecule has demonstrated this recognition 11.

3. Conclusion

From this study it can be concluded that there is an attractive physical interaction exist between two MAA molecules and one D-Glucose molecule. Thus, beside the similarity in space form of D-glucose and cavities in MAA-based MIP prepared using D-glucose as template molecules, the attractive physical interaction should contribute in the mechanism of target (D-Glucose) recognition. The target recognition is a basis for the MIP to be potentially used as active biosensor material.

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by Institut Teknologi Bandung, and Ministry of Higher Education and Research, Indonesia, through the scheme Penelitian Desentralisasi Dikti with contract number 583w/l1.C01/PL/2016.

References

[1]  H. Marie, Elaboration of a new sensor based on molecularly imprinted polymers for the detection of molecules in physiological fluids, Thesis, Université de Technologie de Compiégne, 2013.
In article      View Article
 
[2]  M. J. Whitcombe, I.Chianella, L.Larcombe, S. A. Piletsky, J. Noble, R. Porter, A.Horgan, Chemical Society reviews 40, pp 1547-1571 (2011).
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[3]  S. Wei and V. Mizaikoff, J. Separation Science 30, 1794-1805 (2007).
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[4]  O. Ramström and K. Mosbach, Current Opinion in Chemical Biology36, 759-764 (1999).
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[5]  R. Liang, R. Zhang, W. Qin, Sensor and Actuators B-Chemical141, 544-550 (2009).
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[6]  Suedee R, Pharm Anal Acta 4: 264, (2013).
In article      
 
[7]  I. Royani, Widayani, M. Abdullah,Khairurrijal, Advanced Materials Research896, 89-94 (2014).
In article      
 
[8]  S. Manju, P. R. Hari, K. Sreenivasan, Biosensors and Bioelectronics26, 894-897 (2010).
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[9]  B. Okutucu and S. Önal, Talanta 87, 74-79 (2011).
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[10]  M. S. Tehrani, M.T.Vardini, P.A.Azar, S. W. Husain, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci.5, 88-104 (2010).
In article      
 
[11]  Widayani, Yanti, Triati Dewi Kencana Wungu, Suprijadi, Preliminary Study of Molecularly Imprinted Polymer-based Potentiometric Sensor for Glucose, Procedia Engineering (2017), pp. 84-87, Elsevier.
In article      View Article
 
[12]  T D K Wungu, S E Marsha, Widayani and Suprijadi, Density Functional Theory (DFT) Study of Molecularly Imprinted Polymer (MIP) Methacrylic Acid (MAA) with D-Glucose, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Volume 214, conference 1, 2016.
In article      View Article
 
[13]  Yanti, T Nurhayati, I Royani, Widayani, and Khairurrijal, Synthesis and characterization of MAA-based molecularly-imprinted polymer (MIP) with D-glucose template , Journal of Physics: Conference Series 739 (2016) 012143, 6th Asian Physics Symposium, IOP Publishing, 2016.
In article      View Article
 

Published with license by Science and Education Publishing, Copyright © 2017 Widayani, T D K Wungu, S E Marsha and Suprijadi

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Cite this article:

Normal Style
Widayani, T D K Wungu, S E Marsha, Suprijadi. Study of Target Recognition of MAA-based Molecularly Imprinted Polymer (MIP) Using Density Functional Theory (DFT) Computation on the Interaction of Methacrylic Acid (MAA)-D-Glucose. Journal of Polymer and Biopolymer Physics Chemistry. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2017, pp 10-12. http://pubs.sciepub.com/jpbpc/5/1/2
MLA Style
Widayani, et al. "Study of Target Recognition of MAA-based Molecularly Imprinted Polymer (MIP) Using Density Functional Theory (DFT) Computation on the Interaction of Methacrylic Acid (MAA)-D-Glucose." Journal of Polymer and Biopolymer Physics Chemistry 5.1 (2017): 10-12.
APA Style
Widayani, Wungu, T. D. K. , Marsha, S. E. , & Suprijadi. (2017). Study of Target Recognition of MAA-based Molecularly Imprinted Polymer (MIP) Using Density Functional Theory (DFT) Computation on the Interaction of Methacrylic Acid (MAA)-D-Glucose. Journal of Polymer and Biopolymer Physics Chemistry, 5(1), 10-12.
Chicago Style
Widayani, T D K Wungu, S E Marsha, and Suprijadi. "Study of Target Recognition of MAA-based Molecularly Imprinted Polymer (MIP) Using Density Functional Theory (DFT) Computation on the Interaction of Methacrylic Acid (MAA)-D-Glucose." Journal of Polymer and Biopolymer Physics Chemistry 5, no. 1 (2017): 10-12.
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[1]  H. Marie, Elaboration of a new sensor based on molecularly imprinted polymers for the detection of molecules in physiological fluids, Thesis, Université de Technologie de Compiégne, 2013.
In article      View Article
 
[2]  M. J. Whitcombe, I.Chianella, L.Larcombe, S. A. Piletsky, J. Noble, R. Porter, A.Horgan, Chemical Society reviews 40, pp 1547-1571 (2011).
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[3]  S. Wei and V. Mizaikoff, J. Separation Science 30, 1794-1805 (2007).
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[4]  O. Ramström and K. Mosbach, Current Opinion in Chemical Biology36, 759-764 (1999).
In article      View Article
 
[5]  R. Liang, R. Zhang, W. Qin, Sensor and Actuators B-Chemical141, 544-550 (2009).
In article      
 
[6]  Suedee R, Pharm Anal Acta 4: 264, (2013).
In article      
 
[7]  I. Royani, Widayani, M. Abdullah,Khairurrijal, Advanced Materials Research896, 89-94 (2014).
In article      
 
[8]  S. Manju, P. R. Hari, K. Sreenivasan, Biosensors and Bioelectronics26, 894-897 (2010).
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[9]  B. Okutucu and S. Önal, Talanta 87, 74-79 (2011).
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[10]  M. S. Tehrani, M.T.Vardini, P.A.Azar, S. W. Husain, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci.5, 88-104 (2010).
In article      
 
[11]  Widayani, Yanti, Triati Dewi Kencana Wungu, Suprijadi, Preliminary Study of Molecularly Imprinted Polymer-based Potentiometric Sensor for Glucose, Procedia Engineering (2017), pp. 84-87, Elsevier.
In article      View Article
 
[12]  T D K Wungu, S E Marsha, Widayani and Suprijadi, Density Functional Theory (DFT) Study of Molecularly Imprinted Polymer (MIP) Methacrylic Acid (MAA) with D-Glucose, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Volume 214, conference 1, 2016.
In article      View Article
 
[13]  Yanti, T Nurhayati, I Royani, Widayani, and Khairurrijal, Synthesis and characterization of MAA-based molecularly-imprinted polymer (MIP) with D-glucose template , Journal of Physics: Conference Series 739 (2016) 012143, 6th Asian Physics Symposium, IOP Publishing, 2016.
In article      View Article