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Research Article

Open Access Peer-reviewed

Mousumi Datta^{ }, Umme Habiba, Md. Babul Hossain

Received August 15, 2020; Revised September 18, 2020; Accepted September 27, 2020

In this paper we apply a new method, named Elzaki Substitution Method to solve nonlinear homogeneous and nonhomogeneous partial differential equations with mixed partial derivatives, which is based on Elzaki Transform. The proposed method introduces also Adomian polynomials and the nonlinear terms can be handled by the use of this polynomials. The proposed method worked perfectly to find the exact solutions of partial equations with mixed partial derivatives without any need of linearization or discretization in comparison with other methods such as Method of Separation of Variables (MSV) and Variation Iteration Method (VIM). Some illustrative examples are given to demonstrate the applicability and efficiency of proposed method.

Partial differential equations have big importance in mathematics and other fields of science. Nonlinear partial differential equations (NLPDEs) involving mixed partial derivatives are mathematical models that are used to describe complex Phenomena arising in the world around us. The nonlinear partial differential equations appear in many applications of science and engineering such as fluid dynamics, plasma physics, hydrodynamics, solid state physics and other disciplines. Therefore, it is very important to know the methods to solve such nonlinear partial differential equations with mixed partial derivatives. In the recent years, many authors mainly had paid attention to study solutions of NLPDEs with mixed partial derivatives by using various methods such as Method of Separation of Variables, Variation Iteration Method, Laplace Substitution Method ^{ 15}. One of the most known method to solve such nonlinear partial differential equations with mixed partial derivatives is the Elzaki Substitution Method, which is based on the Elzaki transform ^{ 1, 2, 3, 4} and Elzaki Transform is also modified transform of Laplace transform. Elzaki transform can be used to solve ordinary differential equations ^{ 5}, partial differential equations ^{ 2}, partial integro-differential equations ^{ 11, 12}, system of partial differential equations ^{ 6}, Adomian decomposition method ^{ 14}, Schrodinger equations ^{ 13} and wave equations ^{ 7}. The main advantage of this proposed method is that it eliminates the need of linearization, perturbation or any other transformation .The main goal of this proposed method is to find exact or approximate solution of nonlinear partial differential equations involving mixed partial derivatives with the help of Adomian polynomial. This powerful method will be proposed in section 3; in section 4 we will apply it to three coupled partial differential equations involving mixed partial derivatives out of them examples 1 and 2 are nonlinear homogeneous and nonhomogeneous partial differential equation involving mixed partial derivatives in which general linear term operator equal to zero i.e and example 3 is of nonlinear nonhomogeneous partial differential equations involving mixed partial derivatives with. In last section we give some conclusion.

A new transform called the Elzaki transform defined for function of exponential order we consider functions in the set defined by:

(1) |

In a set is constant must be finite, may be finite or infinite. The Elzaki transform denoted by the operator E defined by the integral equation

(2) |

In this transform the variable is used to factor the variable in the argument of function .

Let be a function of two independent variables and , then

i)

ii)

iii)

iv)

v)

Proof:** **To obtain the Elzaki transform of partial derivative we use integration by parts as follows:

i)

ii)

Let we have

We assume that *f* is piecewise continuous and is of exponential order. Now

iii)

Using the Leibnitz rule we find,

The same method we find

iv)

v) The proof is by the principle of mathematical induction on n. By direct differentiation (considering n=1)

For n=2

We assume that the theorem is true for

Let,

Differentiating, we get

Therefore the theorem is true for and hence by principle of mathematical induction, the theorem true for any positive integer n.

In this section, we will give the description of Elzaki Substitution Method for nonlinear partial differential equations with mixed partial derivatives. From that description we will remove the nonlinear part of use of Adomian polynomials.

The aim of this section is to discuss the Elzaki transform substitution method for nonlinear partial differential equations involving mixed partial derivatives. We consider the general form of nonlinear nonhomogeneous partial differential equation with initial conditions is given below

(3) |

(4) |

where is the remaining linear term in which contains only first order partial derivatives of with respect to either or represents a general nonlinear differential operator and is the source term. We can write the equation (3) in the following form

Putting in above equation, we get

Taking Elzaki transform in both sides with respect to x, we obtain

Using initial condition,

Taking inverse Elzaki transform in both sides with respect to x, we get

Re-substitute the value of in above equation, we get,

(5) |

This is a first order non-linear, non-homogeneous partial differential equation in the variables x and y.

Applying Elzaki transform of equation (5) with respect to y, then the equation becomes

Using initial condition, we have

Taking the inverse Elzaki transform with respect to y, the equation becomes

(6) |

For solving nonlinear, nonhomogeneous partial differential equations involving mixed derivatives by Elzaki substitution method, let we consider solution of (3) is in series form.

Suppose that

(7) |

is a required solution of (3) is in series form. We know that nonlinear term appear in equation (3), let we decompose it by using Adomian polynomial which is defined by the formula

(8) |

(9) |

Where is an Adomian polynomial of components of series (7).

Substitute the value of equations (7) and (9) in equation (6), we obtain

Comparing both sides of the above equation, we find the following relation

In general, we have the following required recursive relation

(10) |

From this recursive relation we can calculate of . Substitute all values of in equation (7), we get the required solution of equation (3).

In this section we apply the Elzaki Substitution Method for solving nonlinear homogeneous and nonhomogeneous partial differential equations with mixed partial derivatives.

**Example 4.1.**

Solve the following non-linear homogeneous partial differential equation with linear part

With initial conditions

Solution:** **In the above initial value problem

We can write the given equation in the following form

Substituting in above equation, then the equation becomes

Which is the first order partial differential equation.

Applying Elzaki transform on both sides of the above equation with respect to x, we get

Using initial condition, we have

Taking inverse Elzaki transform with respect to x, we obtain the equation

Taking Elzaki transform with respect to y, we obtain

Using initial condition, we get

Taking inverse Elzaki transform of the above equation with respect to y, then we find

(11) |

We know that in Elzaki substitution method, we represent solution in infinite series form. Let us suppose that

(12) |

be the required solution of given equation .The nonlinear term appear in given equation, we can decompose it by using Adomian polynomial defined by the equation (8).

(13) |

Where is an Adomian polynomial of components. Let us find that the few Adomian polynomials,

Using the value of equations (12) and (13), then the equation (11) reduces to

Comparing on both sides of above equation, we have the recursive relation

From the above recursive relation, we get the following few components of

Thus the solution of given equation is,

is a geometric series converges to , for.

Consequently,

which is the required solution with regarding initial conditions and verifying through the substitution. Also same as the solutions obtained by (LSM), (MSV) and (VIM).

**Example 4.2. **

Solve the following nonlinear nonhomogeneous partial differential equation with linear part

with initial conditions

Solution:** **The given equation can be written as

Putting in above equation, we get

This is the first order nonlinear partial differential equation.

Applying Elzaki transform on both sides with respect to x and then using initial condition, finally the equation becomes

Taking inverse Elzaki transform with respect to x, we get

Taking Elzaki transform of above equation with respect to y and then using initial condition, finally we obtain

Applying inverse Elzaki transform with respect to y, the equation becomes

(14) |

We know that in Elzaki substitution method, we represent solution in infinite series form. Let us suppose that

(15) |

be the required solution of given equation. The nonlinear term appear in given equation, we can decompose it by using Adomian polynomial defined by the equation (8) and the nonlinear term

(16) |

Where is an Adomian polynomial of components. Let we find the few Adomian polynomials,

Putting the value of equations (15) and (16) in equation (14), we get

Comparing on both sides of above equation, we obtain the recursive relation

From the above recursive relation, we have find the following few components of

Similarly, we can obtain the values of

Substitute all the values of in equation (15), we get

Consequently

which is the required solution with regarding initial conditions and verifying through the substitution. Also same as the solutions obtained by (LSM), (MSV) and (VIM).

**Example 4.3. **

Solve the following nonlinear nonhomogeneous partial differential equation with linear part

with initial conditions

Solution:** **In the above example linear term and non-linear term

The given equation can be written as

Substituting in above equation, we have

This is the first order nonlinear partial differential equation.

Applying Elzaki transform with respect to x and then taking initial conditions, finally the equation becomes

Taking inverse Elzaki transform with respect to x, we obtain

Applying Elzaki transform on both sides with respect to y and then using initial conditions, we get

Taking inverse Elzaki transform with respect to y, we obtain the equation

(17) |

We know that in Elzaki substitution method, we represent solution in infinite series form. Let us suppose that

(18) |

be the required solution of given equation. The nonlinear term appear in equation, we can decompose it by using Adomian polynomial defined by the equation (8)

(19) |

Where is an Adomain polynomial of components . Let us find that the few Adomian polynomials

Putting the value of equations (18) and (19) in equation (17), we obtain

Comparing on both sides of above equation, we get the following recursive relation

From the above recursive relation, we get the following few components of

Similarly, we can find the values of

Substitute all the values of in equation (17), we obtain the following solution

which is the required solution with regarding initial conditions and verifying through the substitution. Also same as the solutions obtained by (LSM), (MSV) and (VIM).

In this paper, we successfully apply the proposed Elzaki Substitution Method to solve nonlinear homogeneous and nonhomogeneous partial differential equations in which involves mixed partial derivatives with general linear term or without using linearization, perturbation, or restrictive assumption. The utilization of this method is simple in use, economic, time saving and exquisite. Another advantage of this method is that it gives the solution in series form. This method giving better solution than the other existing methods. In future, we plan to generalize this method to solve higher order nonlinear homogeneous and nonhomogeneous partial differential equations with mixed partial derivatives in nonlinear terms.

[1] | Elzaki, T.M., The new integral transform “Elzaki Transform”. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, 7(1), pp.57-64. 2011. | ||

In article | |||

[2] | Elzaki, T.M., Application of new transform “Elzaki transform” to partial differential equations. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, 7(1), pp.65-70. 2011. | ||

In article | |||

[3] | Elzaki, T.M., On the New Integral Transform “ELzaki Transform” Fundamental Properties Investigations and Applications. Global Journal of Mathematical Sciences: Theory and Practical, 4(1), pp.1-13. 2012. | ||

In article | |||

[4] | Elzaki, T.M., On Some Applications of New Integral Transform ''Elzaki Transform''. The Global Journal of Mathematical Sciences: Theory and Practical, 4(1), pp.15-23. 2012. | ||

In article | |||

[5] | Elzaki, T.M. and Ezaki, S.M., On the Elzaki transform and ordinary differential equation with variable coefficients. Advances in Theoretical and Applied Mathematics, 6(1), pp.13-18. 2011. | ||

In article | |||

[6] | Elzaki, T.M. and Elzaki, S.M., On the Tarig transform and system of partial differential equations. Applied Mathematics, Elixir Appl. Math, 42, pp.6373-6376. 2012. | ||

In article | |||

[7] | Hussain, F., Solution of 1-dimensional Wave equation by Elzaki Transform. Internation Journal of Multidisciplinary Researcs and Development, 4(10), pp.64-67. 2017. | ||

In article | |||

[8] | Elzaki, T.M., On the Elzaki transform and higher order ordinary differential equations. Advances in Theoretical and Applied mathematics, 6(1), pp.107-113. 2011. | ||

In article | |||

[9] | Kim, H., A note on the shifting theorems for the Elzaki transform. Int. J. of Math. Anal, 8, pp.481-488. 2014. | ||

In article | View Article | ||

[10] | Kilicman A and Eltayeb H., A Note of Integral Transform and Partial Differential Equations, Applied Mathematical Sciences, 4(3), pp109-118. 2010. | ||

In article | View Article | ||

[11] | Arabia, J.S., Solution of partial integro-differential equations by Elzaki transform method. Applied Mathematical Sciences, 9(6), pp.295-303. 2015. | ||

In article | View Article | ||

[12] | Elzaki, T.M. and Ezaki, S.M., On the solution of integro-differential equation systems by using Elzaki transform. Global Journal of Mathematical Sciences: Theory and Practical, 3(1), pp.13-23. 2011. | ||

In article | |||

[13] | Nuruddeen, R.I., Elzaki decomposition method and its applications in solving linear and nonlinear Schrodinger equations. Sohag Journal of Mathematics, 4(2), pp.1-5. 2017. | ||

In article | View Article | ||

[14] | Adam, B.A., A comparative study of Adomain decomposition method and the new integral transform" Elzaki transform". International Journal of Applied Mathematics Research, 4(1), p.8. 2015. | ||

In article | View Article | ||

[15] | Handibag, S.S. and Karande, B.D., An application for nonlinear partial differential equations involving mixed partial derivatives by Laplace substitution method. In AIP Conference Proceedings. American Institute of Physics (Vol. 1637, No. 1, pp. 384-394). | ||

In article | |||

[16] | Hossain, M. B and Mousumi Datta. Solutions of Linear Partial Differential Equations with Mixed Partial Derivatives by Elzaki Substitution Method, American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics, 8(3),pp.59-64. 2018. | ||

In article | |||

Published with license by Science and Education Publishing, Copyright © 2020 Mousumi Datta, Umme Habiba and Md. Babul Hossain

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Mousumi Datta, Umme Habiba, Md. Babul Hossain. Elzaki Substitution Method for Solving Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations with Mixed Partial Derivatives Using Adomian Polynomial. *International Journal of Partial Differential Equations and Applications*. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2020, pp 6-12. http://pubs.sciepub.com/ijpdea/8/1/2

Datta, Mousumi, Umme Habiba, and Md. Babul Hossain. "Elzaki Substitution Method for Solving Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations with Mixed Partial Derivatives Using Adomian Polynomial." *International Journal of Partial Differential Equations and Applications* 8.1 (2020): 6-12.

Datta, M. , Habiba, U. , & Hossain, M. B. (2020). Elzaki Substitution Method for Solving Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations with Mixed Partial Derivatives Using Adomian Polynomial. *International Journal of Partial Differential Equations and Applications*, *8*(1), 6-12.

Datta, Mousumi, Umme Habiba, and Md. Babul Hossain. "Elzaki Substitution Method for Solving Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations with Mixed Partial Derivatives Using Adomian Polynomial." *International Journal of Partial Differential Equations and Applications* 8, no. 1 (2020): 6-12.

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[1] | Elzaki, T.M., The new integral transform “Elzaki Transform”. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, 7(1), pp.57-64. 2011. | ||

In article | |||

[2] | Elzaki, T.M., Application of new transform “Elzaki transform” to partial differential equations. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, 7(1), pp.65-70. 2011. | ||

In article | |||

[3] | Elzaki, T.M., On the New Integral Transform “ELzaki Transform” Fundamental Properties Investigations and Applications. Global Journal of Mathematical Sciences: Theory and Practical, 4(1), pp.1-13. 2012. | ||

In article | |||

[4] | Elzaki, T.M., On Some Applications of New Integral Transform ''Elzaki Transform''. The Global Journal of Mathematical Sciences: Theory and Practical, 4(1), pp.15-23. 2012. | ||

In article | |||

[5] | Elzaki, T.M. and Ezaki, S.M., On the Elzaki transform and ordinary differential equation with variable coefficients. Advances in Theoretical and Applied Mathematics, 6(1), pp.13-18. 2011. | ||

In article | |||

[6] | Elzaki, T.M. and Elzaki, S.M., On the Tarig transform and system of partial differential equations. Applied Mathematics, Elixir Appl. Math, 42, pp.6373-6376. 2012. | ||

In article | |||

[7] | Hussain, F., Solution of 1-dimensional Wave equation by Elzaki Transform. Internation Journal of Multidisciplinary Researcs and Development, 4(10), pp.64-67. 2017. | ||

In article | |||

[8] | Elzaki, T.M., On the Elzaki transform and higher order ordinary differential equations. Advances in Theoretical and Applied mathematics, 6(1), pp.107-113. 2011. | ||

In article | |||

[9] | Kim, H., A note on the shifting theorems for the Elzaki transform. Int. J. of Math. Anal, 8, pp.481-488. 2014. | ||

In article | View Article | ||

[10] | Kilicman A and Eltayeb H., A Note of Integral Transform and Partial Differential Equations, Applied Mathematical Sciences, 4(3), pp109-118. 2010. | ||

In article | View Article | ||

[11] | Arabia, J.S., Solution of partial integro-differential equations by Elzaki transform method. Applied Mathematical Sciences, 9(6), pp.295-303. 2015. | ||

In article | View Article | ||

[12] | Elzaki, T.M. and Ezaki, S.M., On the solution of integro-differential equation systems by using Elzaki transform. Global Journal of Mathematical Sciences: Theory and Practical, 3(1), pp.13-23. 2011. | ||

In article | |||

[13] | Nuruddeen, R.I., Elzaki decomposition method and its applications in solving linear and nonlinear Schrodinger equations. Sohag Journal of Mathematics, 4(2), pp.1-5. 2017. | ||

In article | View Article | ||

[14] | Adam, B.A., A comparative study of Adomain decomposition method and the new integral transform" Elzaki transform". International Journal of Applied Mathematics Research, 4(1), p.8. 2015. | ||

In article | View Article | ||

[15] | Handibag, S.S. and Karande, B.D., An application for nonlinear partial differential equations involving mixed partial derivatives by Laplace substitution method. In AIP Conference Proceedings. American Institute of Physics (Vol. 1637, No. 1, pp. 384-394). | ||

In article | |||

[16] | Hossain, M. B and Mousumi Datta. Solutions of Linear Partial Differential Equations with Mixed Partial Derivatives by Elzaki Substitution Method, American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics, 8(3),pp.59-64. 2018. | ||

In article | |||