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Celiac Disease: Practical Knowledge of Young Doctors at Setif University Hospital, Algeria

Hakim Rahmoune , Mounira Amrane, Nada Boutrid
International Journal of Celiac Disease. 2020, 8(3), 104-106. DOI: 10.12691/ijcd-8-3-6
Received June 20, 2020; Revised July 22, 2020; Accepted August 02, 2020

Abstract

The concept of celiac disease (CD) has greatly evolved during the last decades; ranging from the classical digestive form to the peculiar monosymptomatic and silent forms. Thus, in order to assess the knowledge of interns and residents in pediatrics about CD, a local survey was conducted through a 14-item questionnaire. This work provided a local glimpse of young doctors' awareness about CD. The level of knowledge was globally correct, but vigorous efforts are needed; notably regarding the use of celiac serology and the introduction of the gluten-free diet.

1. Introduction

Celiac disease (CD) occurs in about 1% of people worldwide and diagnosis rates are constantly increasing the last decades due to the global rise in auto-immune diseases incidence and to an enhanced awareness among general population and healthcare providers 1, 2.

Most data about CD is emerging from Europe, North and South America, Australia, South-West Asia, and North Africa; while the knowledge and awareness of CD in large parts of the remaining world areas is definitively poor 2, 3.

Historically, the increasing trends of CD incidence and prevalence in Europe (especially in Scandinavian countries) preceded a similar trend in the USA: availability of highly specific serology as well as massive screenings contributed to increase awareness about CD among healthcare professionals and patients families. Subsequently, higher incidence and prevalence of CD were reported, particularly in Europe 4, 5, 6.

However, a Californian survey completed in 2005 through questionnaires sent to primary care physicians highlighted the lack of doctors awareness of potential adult CD onset, associated disorders, and use of serology 7.

All these factors, among many others, contribute to the underdiagnosis of CD, especially its atypical forms (silent/oligo-symptomatic forms) 1, 4, 5, 6, 7.

We conducted a monocentric survey to explore the current practical knowledge about CD among junior doctors (interns and residents) in a North-African Hospital (Setif University Hospital, Algeria).

2. Material and Method

In order to assess the knowledge of residents and interns in pediatrics about CD, a survey was launched through a printed 14-items questionnaire (Figure 1).

Participants were enrolled among junior doctors (interns and residents) in the pediatric department of the Setif University Hospital, Algeria.

The study was conducted from August 1st to October 31st, 2017.

Doctors knowledge was classified as:

1. Weak if < 5/14 answers were correct.

2. Average if 5 to 10/14 answers were correct.

3. Good/Excellent if > 10/14 answers were correct.

3. Results

Ninety doctors (72 interns and 18 residents) fully answered the questions of the survey.

Results (Figure 2) are summarized as:

1. Weak knowledge = 8.88%, all of them being interns (11.11% among the interns subgroup)

2. Average knowledge = 58.88% (59.72% of the interns; 55.56% of the residents).

3. Good/ Excellent knowledge = 32.22% (29.16 % of the interns and 44.44% of the residents).

4. Discussion

According to our exhaustive bibliographic search, this is the first ever-reported survey to assess knowledge about CD in young doctors in North-Africa.

Globally, more than 90% of responders are considered as having good/average level of knowledge about CD (pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of CD). Weak knowledge was restricted to interns, probably due to the lack of routine practice.

The major pitfalls noted were regarding the use of serology and the introduction of the gluten-free diet (more than 30% of false answers among both interns and residents)

The local CD guidelines 8 and international recommendations (notably from the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition, ESPGHAN) 9, 10 are regularly taught during the long medical curriculum of doctors in Algeria.

The gap revealed by this monocentric survey is probably due to the evolving concepts of CD and to the biological and clinical chameleon pictures of CD. More attention and efforts are needed, mainly through continuous medical education.

5. Conclusion

Our survey provided a local glimpse of young doctors' concept and knowledge of celiac disease.

Vigorous work must be run to refine the knowledge of doctors, in particular with regard to the use of celiac serology and the introduction of the gluten-free diet.

Acknowledgements

The authors are supported by the Directorate General for Scientific Research and Technological Development (DGRSDT), MESRS, Algeria.

The sponsor had no involvement in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript; and in the decision to submit the manuscript.

References

[1]  Di Sabatino A, Corazza GR. Coeliac disease. The Lancet. 2009 Apr 25; 373(9673): 1480-93.
In article      View Article
 
[2]  H.Rahmoune H, Boutrid N, Bioud B .HLA & Celiac Disease. Moroccan Health Journal, 2017, 18, 14-15.
In article      
 
[3]  Poddighe D, Rakhimzhanova M, Marchenko Y, Catassi C. Pediatric celiac disease in central and east Asia: current knowledge and prevalence. Medicina. 2019 Jan; 55(1): 11.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[4]  Absah I, Murray JA. Pediatric Celiac Disease: Increasing Incidence or Increased Awareness? Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition. 2018 Aug 1; 67(2): e42.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[5]  van Kalleveen MW, de Meij T, Plötz FB.Paediatric Coeliac Disease: Increasing Incidence or Increased Awareness? J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2018 Aug; 67(2): e42.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[6]  Kang, J.Y., et al., Systematic review: worldwide variation in the frequency of coeliac disease and changes over time. Aliment Pharmacol Ther, 2013. 38(3): p. 226-45.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[7]  Zipser RD, Farid M, Baisch D, Patel B, Patel D. Physician awareness of celiac disease: a need for further education. Journal of general internal medicine. 2005 Jul; 20(7): 644-6.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[8]  Actualites sur la Maladie Coeliaque de L'Enfant. Avaialble in: http://www.sante.dz/sap/accueil.html [In French]. [accessed on May 13th, 2020].
In article      
 
[9]  Husby S, Koletzko S, Korponay-Szabó IR, Mearin ML, Phillips A, Shamir R, Troncone R, Giersiepen K, Branski D, Catassi C, Lelgeman M. European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition guidelines for the diagnosis of coeliac disease. Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition. 2012 Jan 1; 54(1): 136-60.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[10]  Husby S, Koletzko S, Korponay-Szabó I, Kurppa K, Mearin ML, Ribes-Koninckx C, Shamir R, Troncone R, Auricchio R, Castillejo G, Christensen R. European society paediatric gastroenterology, hepatology and nutrition guidelines for diagnosing coeliac disease 2020. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. 2020 Jan 1; 70(1): 141-56.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 

Published with license by Science and Education Publishing, Copyright © 2020 Hakim Rahmoune, Mounira Amrane and Nada Boutrid

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Cite this article:

Normal Style
Hakim Rahmoune, Mounira Amrane, Nada Boutrid. Celiac Disease: Practical Knowledge of Young Doctors at Setif University Hospital, Algeria. International Journal of Celiac Disease. Vol. 8, No. 3, 2020, pp 104-106. http://pubs.sciepub.com/ijcd/8/3/6
MLA Style
Rahmoune, Hakim, Mounira Amrane, and Nada Boutrid. "Celiac Disease: Practical Knowledge of Young Doctors at Setif University Hospital, Algeria." International Journal of Celiac Disease 8.3 (2020): 104-106.
APA Style
Rahmoune, H. , Amrane, M. , & Boutrid, N. (2020). Celiac Disease: Practical Knowledge of Young Doctors at Setif University Hospital, Algeria. International Journal of Celiac Disease, 8(3), 104-106.
Chicago Style
Rahmoune, Hakim, Mounira Amrane, and Nada Boutrid. "Celiac Disease: Practical Knowledge of Young Doctors at Setif University Hospital, Algeria." International Journal of Celiac Disease 8, no. 3 (2020): 104-106.
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[1]  Di Sabatino A, Corazza GR. Coeliac disease. The Lancet. 2009 Apr 25; 373(9673): 1480-93.
In article      View Article
 
[2]  H.Rahmoune H, Boutrid N, Bioud B .HLA & Celiac Disease. Moroccan Health Journal, 2017, 18, 14-15.
In article      
 
[3]  Poddighe D, Rakhimzhanova M, Marchenko Y, Catassi C. Pediatric celiac disease in central and east Asia: current knowledge and prevalence. Medicina. 2019 Jan; 55(1): 11.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[4]  Absah I, Murray JA. Pediatric Celiac Disease: Increasing Incidence or Increased Awareness? Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition. 2018 Aug 1; 67(2): e42.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[5]  van Kalleveen MW, de Meij T, Plötz FB.Paediatric Coeliac Disease: Increasing Incidence or Increased Awareness? J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2018 Aug; 67(2): e42.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[6]  Kang, J.Y., et al., Systematic review: worldwide variation in the frequency of coeliac disease and changes over time. Aliment Pharmacol Ther, 2013. 38(3): p. 226-45.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[7]  Zipser RD, Farid M, Baisch D, Patel B, Patel D. Physician awareness of celiac disease: a need for further education. Journal of general internal medicine. 2005 Jul; 20(7): 644-6.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[8]  Actualites sur la Maladie Coeliaque de L'Enfant. Avaialble in: http://www.sante.dz/sap/accueil.html [In French]. [accessed on May 13th, 2020].
In article      
 
[9]  Husby S, Koletzko S, Korponay-Szabó IR, Mearin ML, Phillips A, Shamir R, Troncone R, Giersiepen K, Branski D, Catassi C, Lelgeman M. European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition guidelines for the diagnosis of coeliac disease. Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition. 2012 Jan 1; 54(1): 136-60.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[10]  Husby S, Koletzko S, Korponay-Szabó I, Kurppa K, Mearin ML, Ribes-Koninckx C, Shamir R, Troncone R, Auricchio R, Castillejo G, Christensen R. European society paediatric gastroenterology, hepatology and nutrition guidelines for diagnosing coeliac disease 2020. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. 2020 Jan 1; 70(1): 141-56.
In article      View Article  PubMed