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A Collaborative Group Decision Model for Internet Public Opinion Emergency with Interval Value

Qiansheng Zhang
American Journal of Modeling and Optimization. 2019, 7(1), 14-19. DOI: 10.12691/ajmo-7-1-3
Received May 05, 2019; Revised June 16, 2019; Accepted July 02, 2019

Abstract

This paper proposes a collaborative group decision model for internet public opinion emergency with interval-valued index involved multiple decision-makers. By using the proposed emergency decision model the optimal weight of each individual and collaborative index of emergency can be determined. Finally, the comprehensive crisis of each emergency can be calculated by integrating the individual severity with the collaborative severity. According to the ranking of crisis the emergency department can make effective decision scheme to deal with all the internet public opinion emergencies.

1. Introduction

Recently, the complicated internet public opinion, social emotion and attitude have triggered many unconventional emergencies. This type of internet public opinion emergency greatly impairs the harmony and stability of society 1, 2. It is urgent to make some effective decision mechanisms to deal with Internet Public Opinion Emergency (IPOE).

Due to time pressure and incomplete expert experience, it is very difficult to collect the accurate public opinion information or precise index data for IPOE in emergency decision situation. Generally, in the uncertain emergency decision environment the emergency experts usually employ interval values 3, 4 or interval linguistic terms 5, 6 to evaluate the indicators of internet public opinion emergency. Although many scholars have put forward some decision models for unconventional emergencies 7, 8, 9, they are not suitable for dealing with uncertain emergency decision problems. In uncertain emergency decision environment, Wu 10 presented a fuzzy multi-criteria emergency decision-making method, Zhang 11 recently proposed a hesitant group emergency decision-making method based on prospect theory, Jing 12 presented an emergency decision-making method based on interval preference relations. Tang 13 presented a uncertain group decision model of extreme flood disaster emergency.

However, there is few works on interval-valued fuzzy collaborative decision for internet public opinion emergency. Since interval-valued fuzzy set 14, 15 is very applicable to assess emergency indexes and interval linguistic term 16 is suitable to model the vagueness in public opinion and emergency decision knowledge, this paper presents a collaborative decision making model for internet public opinion emergency based on interval value or linguistic interval value. As we know, internet public opinion emergency can be assessed by multiple emergency experts from different emergency sections 17, 18. And the internet public opinion emergency is usually evaluated by some uncertain individual indexes and collaborative indexes. Hence, it is necessary to integrate all the emergency departments to determine the interval weights of emergency experts and evaluate the individual and collaborative severity of internet public opinion emergency.

Therefore, in this paper we develop an interval fuzzy collaborative group decision approach regarding all the individual and collaborative indexes with interval value or interval linguistic terms. By combining the individual index and collaborative index of uncertain IPOE, we can calculate the overall severity of each IPOE and rank the overall severity of all the internet public opinion emergencies (IPOEs). Then the related emergency department can implement the emergency solution and make effective decision scheme to deal with most severe internet public opinion emergencies in accordance with the severity order of IPOEs.

2. Preliminaries

For convenience of analysis, we first introduce some basic concepts and operators of interval-values and interval linguistic terms in this section.

Definition 1 5 A finite and totally ordered discrete set is called an interval linguistic set, ifrepresents an interval linguistic variable corresponding to an interval value.

In this paper we use 7-scale linguistic terms to express the interval linguistic set as below.

each linguistic term in the above interval linguistic set corresponds to an interval value as listed in Table 1.

Definition 2 4. is named a positive interval value, if . And the length of this interval is defined as length(.

Definition 3 14. Let be two positive interval values, some basic operators are defined as

1 ,

2 ,

3 ,

4 .

Definition 4 5. Let be any two positive interval values, the degree of possibility of is defined as

Definition 5 5. Let be a series of interval values, a preference possibility matrix can be constructed by comparing each pair of interval values as

where for any .

Definition 6 5 The ranking vector of all the intervals based on the preference possibility matrix is defined as where

From the ranking order of one can easily rank all the candidate intervals.

3. Collaborative Group Decision Model for Internet Public Opinion Emergency with Interval Linguistic Assessment Term

In this section, we demonstrate a collaborative decision model for internet public opinion emergency with interval linguistic assessment terms for individual and collaborative decision index. The aim of this paper focuses on how to obtain the weights of each individual and collaborative index and evaluate the severity of all the alternative internet public opinion emergencies (IPOEs) and select the appropriate decision solution. Suppose internet safety departments monitor that there are some possible emergencies induced by internet public opinion. To rank all the severity of IPOEs regarding all the related emergency sections and make group decision plan, we should choose decision experts from different emergency sections as an emergency committee Suppose the decision importance of all emergency decision-makers are equal.

As we know, there are some coevolution between internet public opinion emergencies. So, each internet public opinion emergency is not only affected by some important individual indexes but also affected by some collaborative decision indexes . And all the indexes generally have different importance degree for different emergency decision-maker in group collaborative decision process. Therefore, we assume that the linguistic weight vectors of individual indexes and collaborative indexes given by k-th emergency decision-maker from k-th emergency department are given by and , where .

Suppose the decision-makerevaluates internet public opinion emergencies regarding all the individual indexes as the following interval linguistic assessment matrix.

where is the interval-valued linguistic assessment information of internet public opinion emergency regarding the i-th individual index for decision-maker .

Also, suppose emergency expert DMevaluates all the alternative internet public opinion emergencies regarding each collaborative indexes as the following interval-valued linguistic assessment matrix.

where is the collaborative linguistic assessment of internet public opinion emergencies and regarding the j-th collaborative index for decision-maker Obviously, it is a symmetric matrix, and

To cope with the collaborative group decision process for IPOEs involving multiple individual and collaborative indexes, we can take the following model procedures.

Step1. Integrating all the individual index weight given by , we calculate the interval weight of the i-th individual index as

(1)

and get the individual index weight vector of all the individual indexes of IPOEs.

Aggregate all the emergency decision-maker’s interval linguistic assessment matrix into an overall linguistic assessment matrix, where

(2)

Then we can aggregate the individual index decision matrix with weight vector and get the individual severity of each internet public opinion emergency as below.

(3)

Step 2. Integrating all the collaborative index weight given by one can get the overall collaborative index weight of the j-th collaborative index as

(4)

and obtain the weight vector of all the collaborative indexes of IPOE.

Aggregate all the collaborative emergency assessment matrix of j-th collaborative index for all the emergency decision-maker into an overall collaborative emergency assessment matrix regarding j-th collaborative index, where

(5)

Then we can calculate the collaborative severity of IPOE regarding by aggregating the collaborative emergency assessment with weight vector below.

(6)

Finally, we calculate the collective collaboration severity value of each internet public opinion emergency by aggregating all the collaborative severity of with other internet public opinion emergencies as follows.

(7)

Step 3. Consider all the emergency decision-makers possibly assign different weight to individual severity and to collaborative severity for each internet public opinion emergency , we calculate the overall crisis severity of each IPOE by combining individual severity and collaborative severity as

(8).

Step 4. Compute the crisis preference possibility matrix between all the overall crisis interval values of internet public opinion emergencies, where is the crisis preference degree of IPOE to .

Step 5. We useto calculate the ranking vector of all the crisis severity intervals of IPOES according to the crisis preference possibility matrix From the ranking order of one can easily rank all the crisis intervalof internet public opinion emergency according to the ascending order of . The larger is , the more severe is the internet public opinion emergency Thus, the emergency department can dispose of most severe internet public opinion emergencies according to the ranking vector in time.

4. Illustrative Example

Suppose that security monitoring departments collect internet public opinions from internet news and micro-blogs, and find that four internet public opinion emergencies , , will possible take place in the city. Due to the shortage of urban emergency personnel and facilities, the most serious internet public opinion emergency should be disposed firstly to avoid its evolution to extreme emergency. Therefore, it requires government to combine some related emergency departments to make group decision for all the internet public opinion emergencies. Now we choose four emergency experts from different emergency departments including network supervision department, governmental administration department, public security department and medical department as a decision committee to evaluate the comprehensive crisis of each emergency and make group decision.

Since the internet public opinion emergencies outbreak suddenly, it is difficult for the emergency decision experts to get accurate index data of internet public opinion emergencies in a short time. Therefore, in order to make efficient emergency group decision, the emergency experts often employ some interval linguistic terms to assess emergency individual indexes including the attention degree of internet sentiment, the tendency of public topic opinion, the diffusion rate of event, and the economic damage degree of emergency. The above uncertain linguistic term assessment can be easily expressed by some interval values as listed in Table 1.

Also we consider the regional similarity the source similarity of internet public sentiment, and the coordinated evolution of event derivativesas collaborative indexes of internet public opinion emergency. Assume that the index weight information of individual index and collaborative index assigned by four emergency experts from different emergency sections are listed in the following Table 2.

Below we also list the interval linguistic assessment information of individual indexes and collaborative indexes of internet public opinion emergencies for each emergency decision-maker in Table 3 - Table 7.

To make group decision according to the assessed individual and collaborative indexes of IPOEs, we first transfer the linguistic assessment terms in above Table 2Table 7 to the corresponding interval values as in Table1. According to Table 2 and formula (1),

we compute the weight of individual index of IPOE as

Based on formula(4), , we can calculate the interval weight of each collaborative index of IPOE as

Also, by employing formula (2) (3) we calculate the individual severity of each internet public opinion emergency as listed in the following Table 8.

By utilizing formula (5) and (6) we can compute the collaborative severity of the internet public opinion emergencies as listed in Table 9.

By using formula (7) one can calculate the overall collaborative crisis severity of each internet public opinion emergency as follows.

Suppose all the emergency decision-makers assign weight =0.6 to individual crisis and =0.4 to collaborative crisis, by using formula (8) we can aggregate the individual crisis and collaborative crisis to get the overall crisis of each internet public opinion emergency as below.

Thus, we compute the following crisis preference possibility matrix between the overall crisis intervals of all the IPOEs below.

where , .

According to the above crisis preference possibility matrix we calculate the ranking vector of all the crisis interval values of internet public opinion emergencies as

where

From the order of one can easily rank all the crisis interval values , then we get the ranking of all the overall crisis severity of internet public opinion emergencies as according to the ascending order of . The emergency department should dispose of the most severe emergency according to the above ranking vector. Thus, the top emergency decision department should deal with all the IPOEs according to the crisis severity ranking due to the limited emergency resources and emergency equipments.

5. Conclusion

This paper proposes a new group decision method for internet public opinion emergency with interval-valued linguistic assessments involved multiple emergency decision experts. By utilizing the proposed collaborative emergency group decision model we can easily calculate the overall crisis severity of each IPOE. According to the ranking of crisis severity, the top emergency department can effectively handle all the internet public opinion emergencies and take the corresponding emergency plan to execute emergency operation in order.

Acknowledgements

This paper is supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, China under Grant 2017A030313435 and 2018A030313996.

References

[1]  Li ,Y.T., Liu,Y., “Study on the grey early warning evaluation of network public sentiment,” Journal of Intelligence, 30(4), 24-27, 2011.
In article      
 
[2]  Zhang, Y.W., Qi, Y.J., “The interaction mechanism between network public sentiment and abnormal emergency,” Journal of Informatics, 9, 1-6, 2010.
In article      
 
[3]  Xu,Z.S, Da,Q.L., “New Method for Interval multi-attribute decision-making,” Journal of Southeast University, 33(4), 498-501, 2003.
In article      
 
[4]  Xu, Z.S., “A practical method for priority of interval number complementary judgment matrix,” Operations Research and Management Science, 10, 16-19,2001.
In article      
 
[5]  Xu, Z.S., D,Q.L., “Multi-attribute decision-making based on fuzzy linguistic assessments,” Journal of Southeast University, 32(4), 656-658, 2002.
In article      
 
[6]  Bai, C. Z., Zhang, R., Shen, S. , Huang, C.F., Fan, X., “Interval-valued probabilistic linguistic term sets in multi-criteria group decision making,” International Journal of Intelligent Systems, 33(6), 1301-1321, 2018.
In article      View Article
 
[7]  Zhang, Z. X., Wang,L., Wang,Y.M. , “,” International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 9 (3), 407-420, 2018.
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[8]  Liu, C., Qian, J., Guo, D. H., Liu, Y., “,” GeoInformatica, 22 (2), 411-433, 2018.
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[9]  Yu,Y., Guo, D., “,” Geo Informatica, 22(2), 479-502, 2018.
In article      View Article
 
[10]  Wu, W.S., Kou, G., Peng, Y., Shi, Y., “A fuzzy multi-criteria emergency decision-making method,” Systems Engineering-Theory and Practice, 32(6), 1298-1304, 2012.
In article      
 
[11]  Zhang, Z.X., Wang,L., Rodríguez. R. M., Wang. Y.M., L. Martínez. “A hesitant group emergency decision making method based on prospect theory,” Complex Intell. Syst., 3, 177-187, 2017.
In article      View Article
 
[12]  Jing, K., Zhao, X.N., Wang,Y. M., “Local group decision making for emergency under uncertainty based on interval preference,” Operations Research and Management Science, 19(2), 97-103, 2010.
In article      
 
[13]  Tang, R., Wang, H. Y., Ma, S. J., “Study on group decision model of extreme flood disaster emergency in city,” Forecasting, 31(3), 71-75, 2012.
In article      
 
[14]  Chen, T.Y., Tsao, C.Y., “The interval-valued fuzzy TOPSIS method and experimental analysis,” Fuzzy Sets and Systems, 159, 1410-1428, 2008.
In article      View Article
 
[15]  Xu, Z.S., “Consistency of interval fuzzy preference relations in group decision making,” Applied Soft Computing, 11(5), 3898-3909, 2011.
In article      View Article
 
[16]  Tapia Garc, J.M. , del Moral, M.J., Martínez, M.A. , et al., “A consensus model for group decision making problems with linguistic interval fuzzy preference relations,” Expert Systems with Applications ,39(11), 10022-10030, 2012.
In article      View Article
 
[17]  Yu, L., Lai, K. K., “A distance-based group decision-making methodology for multi-person multi-criteria emergency decision support,” Decision Support Systems, 51, 307-315, 2011.
In article      View Article
 
[18]  Chen, X., Wang, Y., Wu, L.Y., Yan, G.Y., Zhu, W., “Emergency decision model with multiple stages, multiple objectives and multi-divisional cooperation,” Systems Engineering-Theory and Practice, 30(11), 1977-1985, 2010.
In article      
 

Published with license by Science and Education Publishing, Copyright © 2019 Qiansheng Zhang

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Cite this article:

Normal Style
Qiansheng Zhang. A Collaborative Group Decision Model for Internet Public Opinion Emergency with Interval Value. American Journal of Modeling and Optimization. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2019, pp 14-19. http://pubs.sciepub.com/ajmo/7/1/3
MLA Style
Zhang, Qiansheng. "A Collaborative Group Decision Model for Internet Public Opinion Emergency with Interval Value." American Journal of Modeling and Optimization 7.1 (2019): 14-19.
APA Style
Zhang, Q. (2019). A Collaborative Group Decision Model for Internet Public Opinion Emergency with Interval Value. American Journal of Modeling and Optimization, 7(1), 14-19.
Chicago Style
Zhang, Qiansheng. "A Collaborative Group Decision Model for Internet Public Opinion Emergency with Interval Value." American Journal of Modeling and Optimization 7, no. 1 (2019): 14-19.
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[1]  Li ,Y.T., Liu,Y., “Study on the grey early warning evaluation of network public sentiment,” Journal of Intelligence, 30(4), 24-27, 2011.
In article      
 
[2]  Zhang, Y.W., Qi, Y.J., “The interaction mechanism between network public sentiment and abnormal emergency,” Journal of Informatics, 9, 1-6, 2010.
In article      
 
[3]  Xu,Z.S, Da,Q.L., “New Method for Interval multi-attribute decision-making,” Journal of Southeast University, 33(4), 498-501, 2003.
In article      
 
[4]  Xu, Z.S., “A practical method for priority of interval number complementary judgment matrix,” Operations Research and Management Science, 10, 16-19,2001.
In article      
 
[5]  Xu, Z.S., D,Q.L., “Multi-attribute decision-making based on fuzzy linguistic assessments,” Journal of Southeast University, 32(4), 656-658, 2002.
In article      
 
[6]  Bai, C. Z., Zhang, R., Shen, S. , Huang, C.F., Fan, X., “Interval-valued probabilistic linguistic term sets in multi-criteria group decision making,” International Journal of Intelligent Systems, 33(6), 1301-1321, 2018.
In article      View Article
 
[7]  Zhang, Z. X., Wang,L., Wang,Y.M. , “,” International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 9 (3), 407-420, 2018.
In article      View Article
 
[8]  Liu, C., Qian, J., Guo, D. H., Liu, Y., “,” GeoInformatica, 22 (2), 411-433, 2018.
In article      View Article
 
[9]  Yu,Y., Guo, D., “,” Geo Informatica, 22(2), 479-502, 2018.
In article      View Article
 
[10]  Wu, W.S., Kou, G., Peng, Y., Shi, Y., “A fuzzy multi-criteria emergency decision-making method,” Systems Engineering-Theory and Practice, 32(6), 1298-1304, 2012.
In article      
 
[11]  Zhang, Z.X., Wang,L., Rodríguez. R. M., Wang. Y.M., L. Martínez. “A hesitant group emergency decision making method based on prospect theory,” Complex Intell. Syst., 3, 177-187, 2017.
In article      View Article
 
[12]  Jing, K., Zhao, X.N., Wang,Y. M., “Local group decision making for emergency under uncertainty based on interval preference,” Operations Research and Management Science, 19(2), 97-103, 2010.
In article      
 
[13]  Tang, R., Wang, H. Y., Ma, S. J., “Study on group decision model of extreme flood disaster emergency in city,” Forecasting, 31(3), 71-75, 2012.
In article      
 
[14]  Chen, T.Y., Tsao, C.Y., “The interval-valued fuzzy TOPSIS method and experimental analysis,” Fuzzy Sets and Systems, 159, 1410-1428, 2008.
In article      View Article
 
[15]  Xu, Z.S., “Consistency of interval fuzzy preference relations in group decision making,” Applied Soft Computing, 11(5), 3898-3909, 2011.
In article      View Article
 
[16]  Tapia Garc, J.M. , del Moral, M.J., Martínez, M.A. , et al., “A consensus model for group decision making problems with linguistic interval fuzzy preference relations,” Expert Systems with Applications ,39(11), 10022-10030, 2012.
In article      View Article
 
[17]  Yu, L., Lai, K. K., “A distance-based group decision-making methodology for multi-person multi-criteria emergency decision support,” Decision Support Systems, 51, 307-315, 2011.
In article      View Article
 
[18]  Chen, X., Wang, Y., Wu, L.Y., Yan, G.Y., Zhu, W., “Emergency decision model with multiple stages, multiple objectives and multi-divisional cooperation,” Systems Engineering-Theory and Practice, 30(11), 1977-1985, 2010.
In article