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Strength Analysis of Steel Support Structure

Miroslav Pástor, František Trebuňa, Pavol Lengvarský
American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2017, 5(6), 345-349. DOI: 10.12691/ajme-5-6-23
Published online: December 15, 2017

Abstract

In this paper a strength analysis of a steel support structure is investigated. The steel support structure is designed as a truss with L-shaped profiles. The analysis is performed for three types of load variants. The first two variants take into account current state of the structure and the third variant deals with state after connection of new equipment. The load in the first variant takes into account the weight of the steel support structure and the weight of the roofing. The second variant is expanded by the weight of the snow calculated according to the standards and the third variant is expanded by the weight of the ventilation system. For the all variants, the axial forces and the axial stresses in the truss are computed. It is clear from the results that the steel support structure without fracture and exceeding the yield strength of the material.

1. Introduction

Start of development of thin-walled structures (beams) can be traced back to the 19th century, due to the rapid development of the industry, it was necessary to create large-scale buildings, structures and facilities, when conventional design methodologies together with traditional materials could not be always applied. Various types of beams can be made from structural elements, from full to various hybrid beams. The use of a specific beam depends on many static, structural, manufacturing factors and requirements. The current trend is to use different types and shapes of beams and create from them a complex truss. Nowadays, the trend of optimal utilization of design and material is used for mass and cost reduction. This creates opportunities for new ideas of design structural elements. The beams can be used as part of roof construction. The beams are used in the roof construction for they have good stiffness and the ability to carry large loads 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10.

In this paper the strength analysis of roof structure is investigated. The roof structure is loaded by the three variants of load. The analysis of the structure is performed to verify the current state and for the future installation of the ventilation system. The strength analysis is solved using the finite element method. The steel beams are modeled as rod elements with given cross-sectional areas and lengths according to the dimensions of the real structure. For the all variants of load, the axial forces and axial stresses are calculated, which ones do not exceed the yield strength of the material of the roof structure.

2. Roof Structure

The steel support structure is made from truss profiles L 50x50x6, L 70x70x8, L 120x120x12 (Figure 1) placed on the supporting pillars at the distance 6 m (Figure 2). Each rod forms a pair of rolled L profiles (Figure 3), which are riveted to the steel joint plate by three rivets (Figure 4). Based on the drawing documentation, the roof structure is a truss system with rods loaded by the axial tension or compression forces.

The model of the steel support structure with the designation of the selected steel joint plates is shown in Figure 5.

3. Roof Structure

The roof structure is made from L profiles with cross section shown in Figure 6 and basic dimensions given in Table 1. The given profiles are loaded only by the axial forces that arise from the load. The axial forces of the rods are obtained using numerical modeling.

3.1. Numerical Modeling

In solving tasks of the steel roof structures the boundary conditions are considered as pinned support on the one end and roller support on the second end The model with the applied boundary conditions and the applied forces is shown in Figure 7.

The CAD model of the support structure for the computation of the axial forces and stresses is shown in the Figure 8.

The forces in the model corresponds to the load applied to the area defined by the two joints of the adjacent vertical rods and the distance between the two truss. The numbering of the rods is shown in the Figure 8. For the computation, the cross section areas are defined using Table 1. The CAD model of the roof structure is made by truss elements, where the one element is represented by the pair of L profiles. The material 11 373 (S235JG) is used for the computation of the roof structure. The yield strength of this material is equal 235 MPa and tensile strength is equal 360 MPa.

The load forces are not applied in the middle of the roof structure, ones taking into account the skylight in the middle (Figure 9).

The three variants of the load are applied to the finite element model.

Variant A: the load consists from the weight of the steel roof structure and the weight of the roofing: F = 32 kN + 64 kN = 96 kN.

Variant B: the load consists from the weight of the steel roof structure, the weight of the roofing and weight of the snow or ice coating: F = 32 kN + 64 kN + 160 kN = 256 kN. The standard Eurocode 1 is used to calculate the weight of the snow and ice coating 11.

Variant C: the load consists from the weight of the steel roof structure, the weight of the roofing and weight of the snow or ice coating: F1 = 32 kN + 64 kN + 160 kN = 256 kN, and the load from the weight of the ventilation system F2 = 2 kN applied to joins with numbers II, IV and V (Figure 10).

Finally, the static analysis of the roof structure is performed and the results of the axial forces and the axial stresses are obtained.

The fields of axial stresses for the all rods and for the all variants are shown in Figure 11. The obtained numerical values of the all results are given in Table 2. The maximum axial tension or compression stresses in the rods are not higher than 60 MPa and ones do not cross the material yield strength equal to 235 MPa.

4. Conclusion

The strength analysis of steel roof structure of industry hall was analyzed in this paper. The structure was made from steel L profiles, which were interconnected steel joint plates. The model of the roof construction was made by CAD program and the three variants of the loads were applied to the structure. The first variant consisted from the weight of the steel structure and the weight of the roofing. The second variant also took into account effects from the weight of the snow and the third one took into account the weight of the ventilation systems. For the all variants the static analysis was performed using the finite element method, where the roof structure was made by the truss elements and the boundary conditions were applied. The results of the stress analysis were shown in the form of graphs and the values of the axial stresses and forces were given in the table. The all obtained data of the axial stresses were smaller than the material yield strength of the roof structure. The design of the roof satisfies for the all load variants.

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by a grant from the Slovak Grant Agency VEGA No. 1/0731/16 and VEGA No. 1/0751/16.

References

[1]  Fogg, B.J, Persuasive technology: using computers to change what we think and do, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Boston, 2003, 30-35.
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[2]  Hirsh, H., Coen, M.H., Mozer, M.C., Hasha, R. and Flanagan, J.L, “Room service, AI-style,” IEEE intelligent systems, 14 (2). 8-19. Jul.2002.
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[3]  T. Eckes, The Developmental Social Psychology of Gender, Lawrence Erlbaum, 2000. [E-book] Available: netLibrary e-book.
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[4]  Meriam, J.L. and Kraige, L.G., Engineering Mechanics: Statics, Wiley, Texas, 2011.
In article      
 
[5]  Cherchuk, R.N., Method of Joints (Easy Way), Amazon Digital Services LLC, 2014, [E-book] Available: Amozon.com.
In article      
 
[6]  Bocko, J. and Delyová, I., Statics, Technical University of Košice, Košice, 2015.
In article      PubMed  PubMed
 
[7]  Togan, V., Durmaz, M. and Daloglu, A., “Optimization of roof trusses under snow loads given in Turkish Codes,” Engineering Structures, 28, 1019-1027, 2006.
In article      View Article
 
[8]  Ronald, W., “Structural performance of light-frame truss-roof assemblies,” in Proceedings of the international engineering conference, Louisiana State University, 263-268.
In article      PubMed
 
[9]  Lengvarský, P. and Bocko, “The Static Analysis of the Truss,” American Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 4 (7). 440-444. Dec.2016.
In article      View Article
 
[10]  Pástor, M., Bocko, J., Kula, T., and Roszkos, C.S. “Possibilities of Optimizing the Shape and Geometry of Castellated Beams Using Numerical and Experimental Modeling,” American Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 4 (7). 357-362. Dec.2016.
In article      View Article
 
[11]  STN EN 1991-1-3: Eurocode 1. Actions on structures. Part 1-3: General actions. Snow loads.
In article      
 

Published with license by Science and Education Publishing, Copyright © 2017 Miroslav Pástor, František Trebuňa and Pavol Lengvarský

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Cite this article:

Normal Style
Miroslav Pástor, František Trebuňa, Pavol Lengvarský. Strength Analysis of Steel Support Structure. American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2017, pp 345-349. http://pubs.sciepub.com/ajme/5/6/23
MLA Style
Pástor, Miroslav, František Trebuňa, and Pavol Lengvarský. "Strength Analysis of Steel Support Structure." American Journal of Mechanical Engineering 5.6 (2017): 345-349.
APA Style
Pástor, M. , Trebuňa, F. , & Lengvarský, P. (2017). Strength Analysis of Steel Support Structure. American Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 5(6), 345-349.
Chicago Style
Pástor, Miroslav, František Trebuňa, and Pavol Lengvarský. "Strength Analysis of Steel Support Structure." American Journal of Mechanical Engineering 5, no. 6 (2017): 345-349.
Share
[1]  Fogg, B.J, Persuasive technology: using computers to change what we think and do, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Boston, 2003, 30-35.
In article      View Article
 
[2]  Hirsh, H., Coen, M.H., Mozer, M.C., Hasha, R. and Flanagan, J.L, “Room service, AI-style,” IEEE intelligent systems, 14 (2). 8-19. Jul.2002.
In article      View Article
 
[3]  T. Eckes, The Developmental Social Psychology of Gender, Lawrence Erlbaum, 2000. [E-book] Available: netLibrary e-book.
In article      View Article
 
[4]  Meriam, J.L. and Kraige, L.G., Engineering Mechanics: Statics, Wiley, Texas, 2011.
In article      
 
[5]  Cherchuk, R.N., Method of Joints (Easy Way), Amazon Digital Services LLC, 2014, [E-book] Available: Amozon.com.
In article      
 
[6]  Bocko, J. and Delyová, I., Statics, Technical University of Košice, Košice, 2015.
In article      PubMed  PubMed
 
[7]  Togan, V., Durmaz, M. and Daloglu, A., “Optimization of roof trusses under snow loads given in Turkish Codes,” Engineering Structures, 28, 1019-1027, 2006.
In article      View Article
 
[8]  Ronald, W., “Structural performance of light-frame truss-roof assemblies,” in Proceedings of the international engineering conference, Louisiana State University, 263-268.
In article      PubMed
 
[9]  Lengvarský, P. and Bocko, “The Static Analysis of the Truss,” American Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 4 (7). 440-444. Dec.2016.
In article      View Article
 
[10]  Pástor, M., Bocko, J., Kula, T., and Roszkos, C.S. “Possibilities of Optimizing the Shape and Geometry of Castellated Beams Using Numerical and Experimental Modeling,” American Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 4 (7). 357-362. Dec.2016.
In article      View Article
 
[11]  STN EN 1991-1-3: Eurocode 1. Actions on structures. Part 1-3: General actions. Snow loads.
In article