**American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering**

## A Digital Filter for Electrical Drive with Elastic Shaft

**Jumber Dochviri**^{1,}, **Oleg Khachapuridze**^{1}, **Nana Beradze**^{1}

^{1}Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Power Engineering and Telecommunications, Georgian Technical University, M. Kostava str., Tbilisi, Georgia

Abstract | |

1. | Introduction |

2. | Analytical Design of a Digital Filter |

3. | Conclusions |

Acknowledgements | |

References |

### Abstract

In the paper analytically is constructed digital filter for DC-electrical drive with elastic junctions. It could be realized with two discrete integrators and five operational amplifiers. The filter would be insert sequentially on the output of the speed’s regulator. As results transient processes similar to transients of dc-electric drive with rigid mechanical shaft are obtained.

**Keywords:** DC -thyristor electrical drive, elastic shaft, digital filter

**Copyright**© 2015 Science and Education Publishing. All Rights Reserved.

### Cite this article:

- Jumber Dochviri, Oleg Khachapuridze, Nana Beradze. A Digital Filter for Electrical Drive with Elastic Shaft.
*American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering*. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp 112-116. https://pubs.sciepub.com/ajeee/3/5/1

- Dochviri, Jumber, Oleg Khachapuridze, and Nana Beradze. "A Digital Filter for Electrical Drive with Elastic Shaft."
*American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering*3.5 (2015): 112-116.

- Dochviri, J. , Khachapuridze, O. , & Beradze, N. (2015). A Digital Filter for Electrical Drive with Elastic Shaft.
*American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering*,*3*(5), 112-116.

- Dochviri, Jumber, Oleg Khachapuridze, and Nana Beradze. "A Digital Filter for Electrical Drive with Elastic Shaft."
*American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering*3, no. 5 (2015): 112-116.

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### At a glance: Figures

### 1. Introduction

On the power technological machines, including metallurgical rolling mills and paper machines with the purpse of the reliability mainly are used thyristor dc electric drives. Because mentioned technological machines have long mechanical shafts in their dynamics frequently arise strong elastic vibrations. In the continuous control systems in practice are widely applied soft differential feedbacks with R-C circuits to damping oscillations in the dynamics, as well as filters with R-L-C elements ^{[1, 2]}. Such filters are not suitable for digitally controled elastic dc drives and we get naturally raised problem.

### 2. Analytical Design of a Digital Filter

To solve the problem we suggest digital filter based on integrators and operational amplifiers similar to the Kalman-Bucy filter ^{[3, 4]}. To construct analitically such a filter first we write equations of movement of elastic electrical drive due to D’alambert’s principle:

(1) |

where and are moment of rotation of the dc motor, elastic moment of mechanical transmission shaft and resistance moment of the mechanism reduced on the shaft of the motor, respectively; and are moments of inertia of the drive and mechanism; and are angular speeds of the motor and mechanism; is coefficient of elasticity of long mechanical shaft; is damping coefficient of torsional vibrations of inner viscous friction of long shaft.

If we write the variables in the relative increments and use simple transformations in the (1) we get:

(2) |

where and are mechanical time constants of the motor and mechanism, respectively; and are time constants of long (elastic) shaft;and are base (static) values of the moment of resistance and angular speed of the drive of mechanism.

In the Cauchy form the system of equations (2) can be write as following:

(3) |

where is output signal of the object (angular speed of the motor);

(4) |

; , and - are state variables of the object, namely -angular speed of the motor;-elastic moment of the long shaft; - angular speed of the mechanism; -total mechanical time constant of the drive.

To obtain transfer function of regulator first of we should define transfer function of the object via input signal and output signal . With this purpose let us write the system of equations given by (3) in the operational form () as following:

(5) |

From the first equation of (5) we can write:

(6) |

Then from the (5) we get

(7) |

Using inner current feedback and matrices from (4), an approximate transfer function of the object of control system could be given as following:

(8) |

where ; =.

By substituting numerical values of the parameters sec.; sec; sec; sec; sec and for the electrical drive of press of paper machine we get:

(9) |

Expressing transfer function of (9) in the discrete z-transform form we use well-known ^{[5]} approximation , where sample time sec. and then we have:

(10) |

On Figure 1,a are given Bode diagrams simulated corresponding to the transfer function (10).

In the expression (8) second multiplier denotes transfer function of elastic link of the object of dc drive. Compensation of its action could be realized via inversely given digital filter:

(11) |

z-transform of the (11) similarly to (10), has following view:

(12) |

On Figure 1,b are given Bode diagrams corresponding to transfer function (12). To purge resonant peak on the -logarithmic amplitude frequency response, it is necessary second summand in denominator increase 20-times. Therfore, adjusted transfer function of digital filter could be write as following:

(13) |

Transfer function (13) in z-transform form looks as following:

(14) |

where and are input and output signals of the filter.

On Figure 1,c Bode diagrams corresponding to (14) are presented, where resonant peak is suppressed.

To plot Bode diagrams (Figure 1,d) of the external open loop of speed we should use following transfer function:

(15) |

where is PI-type digital transfer function of speed regulator which is obtained from via Matlab. On Bode diagrams and are not resonant peaks that usually are features of the elesaticities.

To construct electrical scheme of the filter from (14) we should rewrite it as following:

(16) |

Digital block diagram with two digital integrators and five operational amplifiers are presented on the computer based block digram (Figure 2) as separate part, which is involved in the output of digital speed regulator (SR) of the electrical drive.

**Fig**

**ure**

**1.**Bode diagrams: a) of the object of control system; b) of unadjusted filter according to (12); c) of adjusted filter according to (14); d) of the open loop of speed contour (together with regulator)

**Fig**

**ure**

**2.**Numerical block diagram of elastic thyristor dc electric drive under digital control

On Figure 2 following notations are used: denotes relative increment of control (input) signal; SR and CR are digital regulators of speed and current; TC is thyristor converter; denotes relative increment of motor anchor; is moment of resistance of the drive from mechanism.

Investigations of dynamical modes using programm MatLab shows efficiency of suggested digital filter. Qualititive characteristics of transients of constructed digital filter ensures work of elastic drive system almost similar to the drive system with short (hard) shaft: and It must noticed that constructed filter is better than feedbacks on the base R-C circuits. Such type of discrete filter completely cleans the power mechanical part of the drive systems from adverse impulsive strikes, for this reason we explore beginings of the speed transient curves (Figure 4, a,b,c - ^{[6]}).

**Fig**

**u**

**re**

**3.**Transient curves of thyristor electrical drive with elastic shaft under digital control: a) without digital filter; With digital filter: b) under stepwise change of control signal; c) under stepwise change of loading

**Fig**

**ure**

**4.**Transient processes of dc elastic electrical drive with feedback using R-C circuits: a) obtained via Matlab simulations; b) and c) are experimental results on the acting paper machine

### 3. Conclusions

In the work we suggest new type digital filter based on discrete integrators to damping elastic vibrations of signals in dynamical modes of dc drives. For tuning of optimal parameters frequency characteristic method is used. Transient curves similar to non-elastic (with short, i.e. hard shaft) electrical drive are obtained

### Acknowledgements

The first author has been supported by the grant FR/7/3-160/14 from Shota Rustaveli National Science Foundation of Georgia.

### References

[1] | V.D. BARYSHNIKOV, Y.A. BORTSOV et al. -Dynamics of thyristor electrical drives of the sections of paper machines // J. Russian Electrical Technology. 1973, vol.1, pp. 43-48. | ||

In article | |||

[2] | E. RAATZ -Regelung von antrieben mit Elastischer verbindung zur arbeitsmaschinen // ENZ, 1981, A92, N4, s. 211-216 | ||

In article | |||

[3] | A. ANTONIOU -Digital Filters: Analysis, Design, and Applications // McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, 1993. | ||

In article | |||

[4] | J. DOCHVIRI -Kalman-Frobenius dynamic optimization of a thyristor drive with an elastic component //Allerton press, USA, J. Russian Electrical Engineering, 2004,vol.75(5),pp.7-17. | ||

In article | |||

[5] | K. OGATA -Discrete-time control systems. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice hall, 1994. | ||

In article | |||

[6] | J. DOCHVIRI -The optimization of transients in multi-motor thyristor electric drives with elastic links for the press mechanisms of continuous technological machines // J. Russian Electrical Technology. 2006, v. 2, pp. 34-42. | ||

In article | |||