Figure 1. Performance of the method for the IEEE 14-bus system: first line through a chosen point O (λ0, V0) in the λV plan

From

Studies of Contingencies in Power Systems through a Geometric Parameterization Technique, Part I: Mathematical Modeling

Bonini Neto A., Alves D. A.

World Journal Control Science and Engineering. 2014, 2(1), 18-24