Open Access Peer-reviewed

A Psychological Appraisal of Manifest Needs as Predictors of Job Involvement among Selected Workers in Lagos State

Odunayo Arogundade1,, Abiola Olunubi1

1Department of Behavioural Studies, Redeemer’s University, Redemption City, Ogun State, Nigeria

Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. 2013, 1(5), 61-66. DOI: 10.12691/rpbs-1-5-1
Published online: August 25, 2017


This work presents the findings of a study into manifest needs as predictors of Job Involvement among some selected workers in Lagos state, Nigeria. The random sampling technique was used to select two hundred (200) participants in Lagos state for this study, which constituted one hundred (100) workers in public organizations and one hundred (100) workers in private organizations (that is 50 male and 50 female workers in each group). The study used a survey research design and data were collected with a battery of psychological tests, namely: Job Involvement Scale (JIS) and Manifest Needs Questionnaire (MNQ). The data obtained were further analyzed using the Independent t-test, one way ANOVA, Pearson Correlation and Regression Analysis. The results showed that there were no significant differences between male and female, public and private organizations, old and young employees, and between the various levels of the components of Manifest Needs on Job Involvement. However, manifest needs components jointly contributed a 4% variance in Job involvement of employees. The implications of the findings of this study in terms of motivating workers for optimal job involvement were discussed and recommendations were made accordingly for both private and public organizations.


manifest needs, personality, job involvement, workers
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