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A Survey of Medicinal Plants Used by Folk Medicinal Practitioners in Daulatpur Upazila of Kushtia District, Bangladesh

A.H.M. Mahbubur Rahman , Nishat Anjum Asha
Research in Plant Sciences. 2021, 9(1), 1-6. DOI: 10.12691/plant-9-1-1
Received January 06, 2021; Revised January 27, 2021; Accepted February 04, 2021

Abstract

The present paper focused on medicinal plants used by traditional practitioners in Daulatpur Upazila of Kushtia district, Bangladesh from October 2018 to September 2019. The information about medicinal plants uses of traditional practitioners was collected through interview. A total of 45 medicinal plant species under 43 genera and 33 families have been documented which are used for the treatment of 48 categories diseases. These medicinal plants are used by the traditional practitioners for the treatment of various diseases like asthma, anemia, burning sensation, blood pressure, constipation, cough, diarrhea, diabetes, dysentery, eczema, fever, headache, heart disease, jaundice, leprosy, toothache, ulcer, skin disease, snake-bite, wound, and others. All these plants need to be evaluated through phyto and pharmaco-chemical investigations to discover their potentiality and may help in discovering effective drugs for human health care.

1. Introduction

Medicinal plants serve as important therapeutic agents as well as valuable raw material for manufacturing numerous traditional and modern medicines. They offer alternative remedies with tremendous opportunities to generate income, employment and earn foreign currencies for developing countries 1. Many traditional healing herbs and their parts have been shown to have medicinal value and can be used to prevent, alleviate or cure several human diseases. It is estimated that 70-80% of people worldwide rely chiefly on traditional, largely herbal medicine to meet their primary health-care needs 2, 3. It has further been observed that a number of modern pharmaceuticals have been derived from plants used by indigenous people 4, 5. Important modern drugs that have been derived from observations of traditional curing methods of indigenous people include aspirin, atropine, ephedrine 5, 6.

In Bangladesh, medicinal plants are found grown naturally in forests, bushes and marginal land along the canal and in other places. A long tradition of indigenous herbal medicinal systems, based on the rich local plant diversity is considered a very important component of the primary health-care system. Among the various systems of traditional medicine co-existing within the country are the homoeopathic, ayurvedic, unani and the traditional medical system. The latter system is practiced by folk or traditional medical practitioners, otherwise known as Kavirajes 7. There are over 87,000 villages in Bangladesh and most villages have one or two practicing Kavirajes. Knowledge of the medicinal plants used by the Kavirajes of Bangladesh can be a good source for further scientific studies in the quest for better drugs from the medicinal plants used and with lesser side effects. Previous ethno-medicinal studies conducted among traditional and tribal medical practitioners in Bangladesh have noticed considerable variation between the medicinal plants selected by different Kavirajes for treatment of a given ailment 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23. These variations exist even between Kavirajes practicing in adjoining villages with identical flora. The objective of the present study was to conduct ethno-medicinal survey among the traditional medical practitioners in Daulatpur Upazila of Kushtia District, Bangladesh.

2. Materials and Methods

2.1. Study Area

The study was conducted in Daulatpur Upazila of Kushtia district, in the southwestern part of Bangladesh. Daulatpur is located at 24.0014°N 88.8750°E. It has 66479 households and total area 468.76 km2. Daulatpur Upazila is bounded by Bagha Upazila in Rajshahi District and Lalpur Upazila in Natore District, on the north, Bheramara and Mirpur Upazilas on the east, Gangni Upazila in Meherpur District and Mirpur Upazila in Kushtia District, on the south, and Jalangi CD Block, in Murshidabad district, West Bengal, India, and Karimpur I and Karimpur II CD Blocks, Nadia district, West Bengal, on the west (Figure 1) 24.

2.2. Data Collection

Data were collected through personal interviews during October, 2018 to September, 2019. During the interview, the information was noted in the documentation data sheet. All the information regarding plant species, biological forms, habitat, local names and uses was documented. Medicinal information was obtained through semi-structured interviews with knowledgeable people such as local Kavirajes. A total of 15 informants having an age range 40-65 years were interviewed using semi-structured interviewed method. Professionally they were farmer, house wives, small shop keepers etc. The information about the plants used for various diseases was gathered through interviews and discussion with the traditional medical practitioners. Plant specimens were collected with flowers and fruits and processed using standard herbarium techniques 25.

2.3. Plant Identification

Collected species were authentically identified with the help of various literatures 26, 27, 28. For the current name and up-to-date nomenclature 29 and 30 were also consulted.

3. Results and Discussion

The present paper focused on medicinal plants used by traditional practitioners in Daulatpur Upazila of Kushtia district, Bangladesh from October 2018 to September 2019. The information about medicinal plants uses of traditional practitioners was collected through interview. A total of 45 medicinal plant species under 43 genera and 33 families have been documented which are used for the treatment of 48 categories diseases. Out of 45 species, 33.33% species were herb, 22.22% species were shrub, 15.55% species were climber and 28.88% species were used as medicine (Table 1; Figure 2). These medicinal plants are used by the traditional practitioners for the treatment of various diseases like asthma, anemia, burning sensation, blood pressure, constipation, cough, diarrhea, diabetes, dysentery, eczema, fever, headache, heart disease, jaundice, leprosy, toothache, ulcer, skin disease, snake-bite, wound, and others. In majority cases, leaves (37.37%) of medicinal plants were found leading in terms of 21.31% root, 18.11% stem, 24.17% whole plant, 16.11% seed, 8.56% flower, 12.80% fruit, 5.54% bark, 3.28% petiole, 4.92% rhizome and 2.11% Gum (Figure 3).

The most frequently used species for the treatment of different disease are Tagetes erecta L., Terminalia arjuna L., Syzygium cumini L., Swietenia mahagoni (L.) Jacq., Psidium guajava L., Ocimum sanctum L., Moringa oleifera Lam., Mentha arvensis L., Mimosa pudica L., Lawsonia inermis L., Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L., Heliotropium indicum L., Ficus racemosa L., Datura metel L., Carica papaya L., Curcuma longa L., Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers., Catharanthus roseus L., Cinnamomum tamala (Buch.Ham) Nees & Eberm, Calotropis gigantea (L.) W.T.Aiton, Coccinia cordifolia (L.) Cogn., Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken, Annona reticulata L., Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr., Abroma augusta L., Azadirachta indica A. Juss., Achyranthes aspera L., Andrographis paniculata Wall ex. Nees., Limonia acidissima L., Piper longum L., Scoparia dulcis L., Solanum nigrum L., Acalypha indica L., Amaranthus viridis L., Amaranthus spinosus L., Mangifera indica L., Justicia gendarussa L., Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam., Aristolochia indica L., Asparagus racemosus Willd., Justicia adhatoda L., Mikania cordata L., Commelina benghalensis L., Vitex negundo L. and Centella asiatica L. This finding of common medicinal plant families in this study is in agreement with 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23. So far the information available, no published data documented on the medicinal plants in Daulatpur Upazila of Kushtia district, Bangladesh. The present document will help in identifying the medicinal plants for further investigation.

  • Table 1. Medicinal Plants Used by Folk Medicinal Practitioners in Daulatpur Upazila of Kushtia District, Bangladesh.

  • View option

4. Conclusion

The justification of medicinal plant usage by folk medicinal practitioners and their mode of usage indicate that this knowledge will be useful to investigate those plants’ use in modern science. At the same time, scientific justification of the various medicinal plants’ use by the traditional practitioners can go a long way towards conservation and cultivation of these plant species. Finally, it can be concluded that availability of native medicinal plant species can be ensured through management of areas that are rich in plants with important medicinal properties with the development of rural and community based resources. All these plants need to be evaluated through phyto and pharmaco-chemical investigations to discover their potentiality and may help in discovering effective drugs for human health care.

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the local people in Doulatpur Upazila of Kushtia District, Bangladesh for their co-operation and help during the research work.

References

[1]  Rawat, RBS, Uniyal, RC. National Medicinal Plants Board, Committed for overall development of the sector. Agrobios., 2004, 1: 12-17.
In article      
 
[2]  Farnsworth, NR and Soejarto, DD. 1991. Global importance of medicinalplants. In: Akerele O, Heywood V, Synge H, editors.
In article      
 
[3]  Shengji, P. Ethnobotanical approaches of traditional medicine studies: some experiences from Asia. Pharm Bot., 2001, 39: 74-79.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[4]  Balick, JM and Cox, PA. Plants, people and culture: the science of ethnobotany. New York (NY): Scientific American Library, 1996, p. 228.
In article      
 
[5]  Rahmatullah, M, Azam, KNM, Mollik, MAH, Hasan, MM, Hassan, AI, Jahan, R, Jamal, F, Nasrin, D, Ahmed, R, Rahman, MM, Khatun, A. Medicinal plants used by the Kavirajes of Daulatdia Ghat, Kushtia district, Bangladesh. Am Eur J Sust Agri., 2010, 4: 219-229.
In article      
 
[6]  Gilani, AH, Rahman AU. Trends in ethnopharmacology. J. Ethnopharmacol., 2005, 100: 43-49.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[7]  Ghani, A. Medicinal plants of Bangladesh. Dhaka: Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, 1998.
In article      
 
[8]  Rahman, AHMM and Khatun, MA. Leafy Vegetables in Chapai Nawabganj District of Bangladesh Focusing on Medicinal Value. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy, 2020, 27(2): 359-375.
In article      View Article
 
[9]  Rahman, AHMM, Gulsan, JE, Alam, MS, Ahmad, S, Naderuzzaman, ATM and Islam, AKMR. An Ethnobotanical Portrait of a Village: Koikuri, Dinajpur with Reference to Medicinal Plants. International Journal of Biosciences., 2012, 2(7): 1-10.
In article      
 
[10]  Rahman, AHMM, Kabir, EZMF, Islam, AKMR and Zaman, ATMN. Medico-botanical investigation by the tribal people of Naogaon district, Bangladesh. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies., 2013, 1(4): 136-147.
In article      
 
[11]  Rahman, AHMM, Kabir, EZMF, Sima, SN, Sultana, RS, Nasiruddin, M and Naderuzzaman, ATM. Study of an Ethnobotany at the Village Dohanagar, Naogaon. Journal of Applied Sciences Research., 2010, 6(9): 1466-1473.
In article      
 
[12]  Rahman, AHMM. Ethno-medicinal investigation on ethnic community in the northern region of Bangladesh. American Journal of Life Sciences., 2013, 1(2): 77-81.
In article      View Article
 
[13]  Rahman, AHMM. Ethno-medicinal Survey of Angiosperm Plants Used by Santal Tribe of Joypurhat District, Bangladesh. International Journal of Advanced Research. 2015, 3(5): 990-1001.
In article      
 
[14]  Anisuzzaman, M, Rahman, AHMM, Rashid, M H, Naderuzzaman, ATM and Islam, AKMR. An Ethnobotanical Study of Madhupur, Tangail. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 2007, 3(7): 519-530.
In article      
 
[15]  Khatun, MR and Rahman, AHMM. Ethnomedicinal Uses of Plants by Santal Tribal Peoples at Nawabganj Upazila of Dinajpur District, Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy, 2019, 26(1): 117-126.
In article      View Article
 
[16]  Kona, S and Rahman, AHMM. Inventory of Medicinal Plants at Mahadebpur Upazila of Naogaon District, Bangladesh. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2016, 4(3): 75-83.
In article      
 
[17]  Islam, MH and Rahman, AHMM. 2017. Folk Medicine as Practiced in Bagha Upazila of Rajshahi District, Bangladesh. Plant Environment Development. 2017, 6(1): 13-24.
In article      
 
[18]  Islam, MT and Rahman, AHMM. Folk medicinal plants used by the Santal tribal practitioners against diarrhea and dysentery in Tanore Upazila of Rajshahi District, Bangladesh. International Journal of Pharmacognosy, 2018, 5(6): 360-363.
In article      
 
[19]  Choudhury, AR and Rahmatullah, M. Ethnobotanical study of wound healing plants among the folk medicinal practioners several district in Bangladesh. American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Development. 2012, 6 (4): 371-377.
In article      
 
[20]  Faruque, MO and Uddin, SB. Ethnomedicinal study of the Marma community of Bandarban district of Bangladesh. Academia Journal of Medicinal Plants. 2014, 2 (2): 014-025.
In article      
 
[21]  Uddin, MZ and Hassan, MA. Determination of informant consensus factor ethnomedicinal plants used in Kalenga forest, Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon. 2014, 21 (1): 83-91.
In article      View Article
 
[22]  Uddin, MZ, Kibria, MG, and Hassan, MA. Study of Ethnomedicinal Plants used by local people of Feni District, Bangladesh. J. Asiat. Soc. Bangladesh, Sci. 2015, 41 (4): 735-757.
In article      View Article
 
[23]  Yusuf, M, Wahab, MA, Choudhury, JU and Begum, J. Ethno-medico-botanical knowledge from Kaukhali proper and Betunia of Rangamati district. Bangladesh J.Plant Taxon. 2006, 13 (1): 55-61.
In article      View Article
 
[24]  Reza, MS. "Daulatpur Upazila (Kushtia District)". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, 2012.
In article      
 
[25]  Alexiades, MN (Ed). Selected Guidelines for Ethno Botanical Research: A Field Manual. The New York Botanical Garden, New York., 1996, 305pp.
In article      
 
[26]  Hooker, JD. (rep. ed. 1961). Flora of British India.Vols. 1-7. L. Reeve and Co. Ltd. London, U.K., 1877.
In article      
 
[27]  Prain, D. (rep. ed. 1963).Bengal Plants.Vols.1-2. Botanical Survey of India. Calcutta, India, 1903.
In article      
 
[28]  Ahmed, ZU, Begum, ZNT, Hassan, MA, Khondker, M, Kabir, SMH, Ahmad, M, Ahmed, ATA, Rahman, AKA and Haque, EU(Eds). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh. Vols. 6-10. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, 2008-2009.
In article      
 
[29]  Huq, AM. Plant Names of Bangladesh.Bangladesh National Herbarium, BARC, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1986.
In article      
 
[30]  Pasha, MK and Uddin, SB. Dictionary of Plant Names of Bangladesh (Vascular Plants). Janokalyan Prokashani. Chittagong, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2013.
In article      
 

Published with license by Science and Education Publishing, Copyright © 2021 A.H.M. Mahbubur Rahman and Nishat Anjum Asha

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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A.H.M. Mahbubur Rahman, Nishat Anjum Asha. A Survey of Medicinal Plants Used by Folk Medicinal Practitioners in Daulatpur Upazila of Kushtia District, Bangladesh. Research in Plant Sciences. Vol. 9, No. 1, 2021, pp 1-6. http://pubs.sciepub.com/plant/9/1/1
MLA Style
Rahman, A.H.M. Mahbubur, and Nishat Anjum Asha. "A Survey of Medicinal Plants Used by Folk Medicinal Practitioners in Daulatpur Upazila of Kushtia District, Bangladesh." Research in Plant Sciences 9.1 (2021): 1-6.
APA Style
Rahman, A. M. , & Asha, N. A. (2021). A Survey of Medicinal Plants Used by Folk Medicinal Practitioners in Daulatpur Upazila of Kushtia District, Bangladesh. Research in Plant Sciences, 9(1), 1-6.
Chicago Style
Rahman, A.H.M. Mahbubur, and Nishat Anjum Asha. "A Survey of Medicinal Plants Used by Folk Medicinal Practitioners in Daulatpur Upazila of Kushtia District, Bangladesh." Research in Plant Sciences 9, no. 1 (2021): 1-6.
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  • Table 1. Medicinal Plants Used by Folk Medicinal Practitioners in Daulatpur Upazila of Kushtia District, Bangladesh.
[1]  Rawat, RBS, Uniyal, RC. National Medicinal Plants Board, Committed for overall development of the sector. Agrobios., 2004, 1: 12-17.
In article      
 
[2]  Farnsworth, NR and Soejarto, DD. 1991. Global importance of medicinalplants. In: Akerele O, Heywood V, Synge H, editors.
In article      
 
[3]  Shengji, P. Ethnobotanical approaches of traditional medicine studies: some experiences from Asia. Pharm Bot., 2001, 39: 74-79.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[4]  Balick, JM and Cox, PA. Plants, people and culture: the science of ethnobotany. New York (NY): Scientific American Library, 1996, p. 228.
In article      
 
[5]  Rahmatullah, M, Azam, KNM, Mollik, MAH, Hasan, MM, Hassan, AI, Jahan, R, Jamal, F, Nasrin, D, Ahmed, R, Rahman, MM, Khatun, A. Medicinal plants used by the Kavirajes of Daulatdia Ghat, Kushtia district, Bangladesh. Am Eur J Sust Agri., 2010, 4: 219-229.
In article      
 
[6]  Gilani, AH, Rahman AU. Trends in ethnopharmacology. J. Ethnopharmacol., 2005, 100: 43-49.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[7]  Ghani, A. Medicinal plants of Bangladesh. Dhaka: Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, 1998.
In article      
 
[8]  Rahman, AHMM and Khatun, MA. Leafy Vegetables in Chapai Nawabganj District of Bangladesh Focusing on Medicinal Value. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy, 2020, 27(2): 359-375.
In article      View Article
 
[9]  Rahman, AHMM, Gulsan, JE, Alam, MS, Ahmad, S, Naderuzzaman, ATM and Islam, AKMR. An Ethnobotanical Portrait of a Village: Koikuri, Dinajpur with Reference to Medicinal Plants. International Journal of Biosciences., 2012, 2(7): 1-10.
In article      
 
[10]  Rahman, AHMM, Kabir, EZMF, Islam, AKMR and Zaman, ATMN. Medico-botanical investigation by the tribal people of Naogaon district, Bangladesh. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies., 2013, 1(4): 136-147.
In article      
 
[11]  Rahman, AHMM, Kabir, EZMF, Sima, SN, Sultana, RS, Nasiruddin, M and Naderuzzaman, ATM. Study of an Ethnobotany at the Village Dohanagar, Naogaon. Journal of Applied Sciences Research., 2010, 6(9): 1466-1473.
In article      
 
[12]  Rahman, AHMM. Ethno-medicinal investigation on ethnic community in the northern region of Bangladesh. American Journal of Life Sciences., 2013, 1(2): 77-81.
In article      View Article
 
[13]  Rahman, AHMM. Ethno-medicinal Survey of Angiosperm Plants Used by Santal Tribe of Joypurhat District, Bangladesh. International Journal of Advanced Research. 2015, 3(5): 990-1001.
In article      
 
[14]  Anisuzzaman, M, Rahman, AHMM, Rashid, M H, Naderuzzaman, ATM and Islam, AKMR. An Ethnobotanical Study of Madhupur, Tangail. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 2007, 3(7): 519-530.
In article      
 
[15]  Khatun, MR and Rahman, AHMM. Ethnomedicinal Uses of Plants by Santal Tribal Peoples at Nawabganj Upazila of Dinajpur District, Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy, 2019, 26(1): 117-126.
In article      View Article
 
[16]  Kona, S and Rahman, AHMM. Inventory of Medicinal Plants at Mahadebpur Upazila of Naogaon District, Bangladesh. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2016, 4(3): 75-83.
In article      
 
[17]  Islam, MH and Rahman, AHMM. 2017. Folk Medicine as Practiced in Bagha Upazila of Rajshahi District, Bangladesh. Plant Environment Development. 2017, 6(1): 13-24.
In article      
 
[18]  Islam, MT and Rahman, AHMM. Folk medicinal plants used by the Santal tribal practitioners against diarrhea and dysentery in Tanore Upazila of Rajshahi District, Bangladesh. International Journal of Pharmacognosy, 2018, 5(6): 360-363.
In article      
 
[19]  Choudhury, AR and Rahmatullah, M. Ethnobotanical study of wound healing plants among the folk medicinal practioners several district in Bangladesh. American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Development. 2012, 6 (4): 371-377.
In article      
 
[20]  Faruque, MO and Uddin, SB. Ethnomedicinal study of the Marma community of Bandarban district of Bangladesh. Academia Journal of Medicinal Plants. 2014, 2 (2): 014-025.
In article      
 
[21]  Uddin, MZ and Hassan, MA. Determination of informant consensus factor ethnomedicinal plants used in Kalenga forest, Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon. 2014, 21 (1): 83-91.
In article      View Article
 
[22]  Uddin, MZ, Kibria, MG, and Hassan, MA. Study of Ethnomedicinal Plants used by local people of Feni District, Bangladesh. J. Asiat. Soc. Bangladesh, Sci. 2015, 41 (4): 735-757.
In article      View Article
 
[23]  Yusuf, M, Wahab, MA, Choudhury, JU and Begum, J. Ethno-medico-botanical knowledge from Kaukhali proper and Betunia of Rangamati district. Bangladesh J.Plant Taxon. 2006, 13 (1): 55-61.
In article      View Article
 
[24]  Reza, MS. "Daulatpur Upazila (Kushtia District)". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, 2012.
In article      
 
[25]  Alexiades, MN (Ed). Selected Guidelines for Ethno Botanical Research: A Field Manual. The New York Botanical Garden, New York., 1996, 305pp.
In article      
 
[26]  Hooker, JD. (rep. ed. 1961). Flora of British India.Vols. 1-7. L. Reeve and Co. Ltd. London, U.K., 1877.
In article      
 
[27]  Prain, D. (rep. ed. 1963).Bengal Plants.Vols.1-2. Botanical Survey of India. Calcutta, India, 1903.
In article      
 
[28]  Ahmed, ZU, Begum, ZNT, Hassan, MA, Khondker, M, Kabir, SMH, Ahmad, M, Ahmed, ATA, Rahman, AKA and Haque, EU(Eds). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh. Vols. 6-10. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, 2008-2009.
In article      
 
[29]  Huq, AM. Plant Names of Bangladesh.Bangladesh National Herbarium, BARC, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1986.
In article      
 
[30]  Pasha, MK and Uddin, SB. Dictionary of Plant Names of Bangladesh (Vascular Plants). Janokalyan Prokashani. Chittagong, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2013.
In article