Figure 3. Effects of ethanolic extracts of Djulis (Chenopodium Formosanum) (EECF) and its bioactive compounds including rutin, quercetin and betanin on homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR) of C57BL/6 mice fed with high fat diet. RD: low-fat diet; RD+HCF: high dosage of EECF with control diet; HF: high-fat diet; LCF: low dosage of EECF; MCF: medium dosage of EECF; HCF: high dosage of EECF; R: rutin; B: betanin; Q: quercetin. Values represent the mean ± SEM (n=6). Statistical methods for high fat diet groups are used by Duncan's multiple range test, the different superscript letters (a-b) are significantly different at p < 0.05. HOMA-IR index= insulin (mU/L) × glucose (mmol/L)/22.5


Djulis (Chenopodium formosanum) and Its Bioactive Compounds for Management of Hyperlipidemia and Hyperglycemia in High-Fat Diet-Fed Mice

Shih-Ying CHEN, Chin-Chen CHU, Yi-Chiang LIN, Pin-Der DUH

Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2019, 7(6), 452-457 doi:10.12691/jfnr-7-6-7