Figures index

From

Hot Water Extract of Vaccinium corymbosum Increases Endurance Exercise Capacity by Improving Fatty Acid β-Oxidation and Antioxidant Defense System in Mice

Shintae Kim, Jeongjin Park, Yeon Hyang Kim, Jeongmin Lee, Kyungmi Kim, Woojin Jun

Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2019, 7(3), 205-212 doi:10.12691/jfnr-7-3-5
  • Figure 1. Effect of Vaccinium corymbosum hot water extract (VCW) on endurance swimming capacity. Mice were given distilled water and VCW (1 g/kg body weight/day). The swimming time was measured at 8 L/min. Each value represents the mean ± S.E. in each group. The asterisk above the bar presents a statistically different value compared to the Ex-CON group as assessed by Student’s t-test (p < 0.05)
  • Figure 2. Effect of Vaccinium corymbosum hot water extract (VCW) on blood lactate levels. Mice were administered distilled water and VCW (1 g/kg body weight/day). Blood lactate levels were evaluated before and 10 min after swimming exercise. Each value represents the mean ± S.E. in each group. The asterisk above the bar indicated a statistically different value compared to that of the Ex-CON group as assessed by Student’s t-test (p < 0.05)
  • Figure 3. Effect of Vaccinium corymbosum hot water extract (VCW) on blood NEFA levels. Mice were administered distilled water and VCW (1 g/kg body weight/day). Blood NEFA levels were evaluated before and 10 min after swimming exercise. Each value represents the mean ± S.E. in each group. The asterisk above the bar indicates a statistically different value compared to that of the Ex-CON group as assessed by Student’s t-test (p < 0.05)
  • Figure 4. Effect of Vaccinium corymbosum hot water extract (VCW) on muscular glycogen levels. Mice were administered distilled water and VCW (1 g/kg body weight/day). After the final exhaustive exercise test, the mice were sacrificed. Each value represents the mean ± S.E. in each group. The asterisk above the bar represents statistically different values compared to those of the CON group as assessed by Duncan’s multiple range test (p < 0.05)
  • Figure 5. Effect of Vaccinium corymbosum hot water extract (VCW) on mRNA expression levels in muscle for mitochondrial biogenesis factors determined by RT-PCR. Mice were administered distilled water and VCW (1 g/kg body weight/day). Each value represents the mean ± S.E. in each group. The various letters represent statistically different values compared to those of the CON group as assessed by Duncan’s multiple range test (p < 0.05).
  • Figure 6. Effect of Vaccinium corymbosum hot water extract (VCW) on mRNA expression levels in muscle for fatty acid β oxidation as determined by RT-PCR. Mice were administered distilled water and VCW (1 g/kg body weight/day). Each value represents the mean ± S.E. in each group. The various letters represent statistically different values compared to those of the CON group as assessed by Duncan’s multiple range test (p < 0.05)