Open Access Peer-reviewed

Negative Effects of Gas Flaring: The Nigerian Experience

Anslem O. Ajugwo
Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Madonna University Elele, Nigeria
Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2013, 1(1), 6-8. DOI: 10.12691/jephh-1-1-2
Published online: August 25, 2017

Abstract

Gas flaring have been condemned severally in different countries of the world. Though the practice is still obtainable in some countries with many calling for a stop. The environmental and health implications were examined with Nigeria as a case study. Data and information were retrieved from pubmed, medline and other search engines. All available data/information depict the negative effects of gas flaring on the environment and humans. Gas flaring have impoverished the communities where it is practiced, with attendant environmental, economic and health challenges. Reluctance on the part of government and policy makers is also a factor. These difficulties faced by local communities from gas flares are a sufficient justification for ending gas flaring practice. Fines by defaulting companies should be so exorbitant so as to deter them while the gas can be processed and produced into cooking/domestic gas. The time to stop is now and the place to stop is here: Nigeria.

Keywords:

environment, natural gas, climate change, hematological, pollution, carcinogens, Nigeria
[1]  JINN, Gas Flaring in Nigeria: an Overview, Justice in Nigeria Now. April 2010. Available www.justiceinnigerianow.org.
 
[2]  Ayoola, T. J,. “Gas flaring and its implication for environmental accounting in Nigeria,” Journal of Sustainable Development. 4(5). 244-250. 2011.
 
[3]  Manby, B,. 1999. The price of oil: corporate responsibility and human rights violations in Nigeria's oil producing communities. Human Rights Watch, New York. 1999. 202.
 
[4]  FOE (Friends of the Earth), Gas flaring in Nigeria, 2004. [E-book] Available: http://www.foe.co.uk.
 
[5]  Medilinkz, Nigeria: Focus on the environmental impact of gas flaring, 2010. Retrieved from: http://www.medilinkz.org/news/news2.asp?NewsID=294 [Accessed on June5, 2010].
 
[6]  Hassan, A. and Konhy, R,. “Gas flaring in Nigeria: Analysis of changes in its consequent carbon emission and reporting,” Accounting Forum. 37(2). 124-134. 2013.View Article
 
[7]  Obioh, I. B,.”Environmental Impact Assessment of Emissions from Major Facilities at QIT,” Atmospheric Emissions and Dispersion Modeling. Faithlink Consults Nigeria Ltd., PortHarcourt. 1999.
 
[8]  Kindzierski, W.D, “Importance of human environmental exposure to hazardous air pollutants from gas flares,” Environmental Reviews, 8, 41-62, 2000.View Article
 
[9]  Imevbore, A. A. and Adeyemi, S. A,. ”Environmental monitoring in relation to pollution and control of oil pollution.” Seminar on the petroleum industry and the Nigerian environment. 6. 135-142. 1981.
 
[10]  Ubani, E. C. and Onyejekwe, I. M,. “Environmental impact analysis of gas flaring in the Niger delta region of Nigeria,” American J. of Scientific and Industrial Research. 4(2). 246-252.2013.
 
[11]  Orimoogunje, O. I., Ayanlade, A., Akinkuolie, T. A. and Odiong, A. U,. “Perception on the effect of gas flaring on the environment,” Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences. 2(4). 188-193. 2010.
 
[12]  Ovuakporaye, S. I., Aloamaka, C. P., Ojieh, A. E., Ejebe, D. E. and Mordi, J. C,. “Effects of gas flaring on lung function among residents of ib Gas flaring community in Delta State, Nigeria,” Res. J. Env. Earth Sci. 4(5). 525-528. 2012.
 
[13]  Effiong, S. A. and Etowa, U. E,. “Oil spillage cost, gas flaring cost and life expectancy rate of the Niger Delta people of Nigeria,” Advances in Management & Applied Economics. 2(2). 211-228. 2012.
 
[14]  Arowolo, A. A. and Adaja, I. J,. “Trends of natural gas exploitation in Nigeria and the implications on the socio-economic stability and governance,” in 35th Nigerian Statistical Association annual conference. 2011.
 
[15]  ERA/FOE Nigeria (Environmental Rights Action/Friends of the Earth Nigeria), Gas Flaring in Nigeria: Human Rights Environmental and Economic Monstrosity.2005. Retrieved from: http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/reports/gas_flaring_nigeria [Accessed February 10, 2008].
 
[16]  Goldenberg, J, Rural Energy in Developing Countries. In: World Energy Assessment: Energy and the Challenge of Sustainabiliy. UNDP. NY. 2000.
 
[17]  Tolupe, A. O,. “Oil exploration and environmental degradation: the Nigeria experience,” International society for Environmental Information Science. 4(4). 34-36. 2004.