Figure 2. Phylogenetic tree of faecal bacteria from pigs under different management system. Evolutionary relationship of faecal bacteria of pigs under different management system was established using Mega6 software. The bootstrap values (expressed as percentages of 100 replications) are shown at branch points; only values above 50% are indicated. The scale bar represents substitutions per 100 nucleotides. Green triangles are bacteria sequences from indoor reared pigs; Blue-diamond are bacteria sequences from pigs recently shifted from indoor to free range on dumpsite, and Red - rectangles are bacteria sequences from pigs continuously scavenging on the dumpsite. The black - circles with GenBank accession numbers gi|210063436| and gi|444439579| are reference sequences of Enterococcus faecium and Shigella sonnei, respectively, both known to be pathogenic. The yellow – circle is Methanosarcina sp from Achaea (gi|37222667|) which was used as an out-group


Prevalence and Antimicrobial Resistance Phenotype of Enteric Bacteria from a Municipal Dumpsite

Kilaza Samson Mwaikono, Solomon Maina, Paul Gwakisa

Journal of Applied & Environmental Microbiology. 2015, 3(3), 82-94 doi:10.12691/jaem-3-3-4