Figure 1. The characteristics of a virtual photon: is spin; is the mass; is the electric dipole moment; is the precession frequency; is the angular momentum associated with ; is the velocity of the circular motion of ; is the deflection angle; is the precession angle (phase); is circulation of ; ref. line is the reference line

From

Spin System of Physical Vacuum as a Source of Energy

Liudmila B. Boldyreva

International Journal of Physics. 2018, 6(4), 128-138 doi:10.12691/ijp-6-4-5