Figure 1. X-ray diffraction scheme of the copper oxide thin films which annealed:(a) by oven at (400 °C), (b) by oven at (500 °C), (c) by oven at (600 °C), (d) by laser for (10 min), (e) by laser for (15 min), (f) by laser for (20 min)

From

Effect of Annealing by CO2 Laser on Structural and Optical Properties of CuO Thin Films Prepared by Sol – Gel Method

Khalil Ibrahim Mohammed, Awatif Sabir Jasim, Sahar Naji Rashid

International Journal of Physics. 2016, 4(3), 59-63 doi:10.12691/ijp-4-3-3