Figure 1. Sizes of effects for predicting academic achievement from family risk factors in 2007 and student outcomes at the end of different school years

From

Effects of Cumulative Family Risk Factors on American Students’ Academic Performance

Carl J. Dunst, Deborah W. Hamby

American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(2), 150-154 doi:10.12691/education-4-2-2