A Checklist of Fishes of Budoholi Wetland (TRCC), Sanischare, Jhapa

Milan Kharel

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A Checklist of Fishes of Budoholi Wetland (TRCC), Sanischare, Jhapa

Milan Kharel

Department of Zoology, Lord Buddha College (HSEB), Biratnagar, Nepal

Abstract

This paper concerned with 43 species of fishes belongs to 21 families, reported from the Budoholi wetland, which is formed by the old course of the Aduwa reiver. This time 28 more species of fishes belonging to 10 more families were reported which were not reported previously. This may be due to limitation of time period during earlier study or may be this time construction of dam has created favourable condition to thrive most of the pond and river dwelling fishes. Fishes of riverine habitat as well as pond and lake dwelling both found here. Moreover four species of fishes belonging to the family cyprinidae were found introduced in the Budoholi wetland for commercial purpose.

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Cite this article:

  • Kharel, Milan. "A Checklist of Fishes of Budoholi Wetland (TRCC), Sanischare, Jhapa." American Journal of Zoological Research 1.1 (2013): 17-19.
  • Kharel, M. (2013). A Checklist of Fishes of Budoholi Wetland (TRCC), Sanischare, Jhapa. American Journal of Zoological Research, 1(1), 17-19.
  • Kharel, Milan. "A Checklist of Fishes of Budoholi Wetland (TRCC), Sanischare, Jhapa." American Journal of Zoological Research 1, no. 1 (2013): 17-19.

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1. Introduction

Budoholi wetland (Lat. 26°40’37˝ N, Long. 88°00’59˝ E; altitude 100 m msl: area 22.4 ha) is a wetland, situated at Sanischare VDC ward No.- 6, Salbari, about 5 km north from Birtamode, in Jhapa district [1]. The area is surrounded with beautiful Sal (Shorea robusta) dominated forests and belongs to Martyr’s Memorial Foundation- SUMMEF (Sukhani Shahid Smriti Pratisthan). Recently, Amphibian and Reptiles conservation, Nepal (ARCO-Nepal) and Sukhani Martyr’s Memorial Foundation (SUMMEF) authority jointly declared to establish a Turtle Rescue and Conservation Centre (TRCC) at Budoholi wetland area in 2012 AD. The project is conducted on the technical and financial assistance of ARCO-Nepal with the legal consent of Govt. of Nepal under the ministry of physical planning and construction. The centre will have multiple functions as a centre for research, conservation, education and conservation-tourism activities related freshwater and terrestrial turtles. Physical facilities for the rescue centre will include an open-air hatchery, buildings to house laboratories and offices, ponds for freshwater turtles and other outdoor enclosures for rescued turtles, breeding ponds for captive breeding work, outdoor exhibits for interpretive purposes and housing for security guard, information centre, staff, visiting scientists, and volunteers.. Till date nine turtle specimens belonging to single order- Testudines, three families viz. Bataguridae, Testudinidae and Trionychidae and five genera viz. Indotestudo elongata, Lissemys punctata, Melanochelys tricarinata, Nilssonia hurum and Pangshura flaviventer have been rescued from different places and successfully translocated at the rescue centre which has been established in the study area.

Figure 1. Map showing location of the proposed study area

2. Materials and Methods

The present study is based on the field suvey methods. The direct visual observations of the sampling sites were done at the time of field visits for the record of macrobiota. Fishes were recorded from Feburary to March 2013 on weekly basis. For the sampling in the lake, three sampling sites were selected first site in North (site 1) at the inlet of the small dam (upstream), second site (site 2) in the middle of the lake (mid stream) and the third one (site 3) is in the south (downstream) at the outlet of the lake at main dam.stream. Collection of aquatic flora and fauna were done with the help of fishing net, gill net (dhadiya). Local fishermen were hired for sample fishing and excess fishes and other animals were released into their natural habitat from where they were captured. Necessary biometry, GPS location and photographs of collected specimens were taken; species acquisition forms were filled up. Collected samples of specimens kept in thew plastic container containing 40% formalin for about 6-8 hours and then preseved in 10% formalin with proper labelling. The specimens collected were identified on the very spot by the use of standard taxonomic field guide [2]. Ten or more sample individual of specimens collected from each sampling stations were considered as frequent, 5-9 individuals as common and less than 5 were as rare. Photographs were taken and unidentified specimens were taken to the concerned experts for the identification.

3. Result

On the basis of field observation 43 species of fishes belonging to 21 families were recorded. Among them most of the specimens recorded were belongs to the family cyprinidae (14 species).

Table 1. List of fishes in Budoholi wetland area

4. Discussion

Previous researcher reported 15 species of fishes belongs to 11 families from the budoholi wetland [3]. This time a total of 43 species of fishes belong to 21 families were reported from the same habitat.

5. Conclusion

Compared to the previous study, this time 28 more species of fishes belonging to 10 more families were reported which were not reported previously may be due to limitation of time period or may be this time construction of dam may create favourable condition to thrive most of the pond and river dwelling fishes. Budoholi lake is formed by the old course of the Aduwa reiver so fishes of riverine habitat as well as pond and lake dwellinf both found here. Moreover four species of fishes belonging to the family cyprinidae were found introduced in the Budoholi lake for commercial purpose.

Acknowledgements

I acknowledge my sincere gratitude to my respected supervisors Prof. Dr. Hermann Schleich, ex-professor University of Munich (Germany) and Prof. Dr. Kalu Ram Rai ‘Khambu’, Chairman, department of Biology, Mechi Multiple Campus, Bhadrapur for providing continuous guidance, inspiration, personal assistance during the study period.. I am grateful to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal (ARCO-Nepal) for providing financial assistance to carry out this study. I am thankful to IDEA wild organization for donating me some quipments to conduct this study. Last but not the least, i am grateful to the Sukhani Martyr’s Memorial Foundation (SUMMEF)) for the support and encouragement.

References

[1]  DDC, Jhapa 2002. District Profile. Jhapa District Development Committee.
In article      
 
[2]  Shrestha, J. 1981. Fishes of Nepal. Curriculum Development Cenrtre, Trubhuwan University, Kathmandu, Nepal. 318 p.
In article      
 
[3]  Shrestha, J. 1981. Fishes of Nepal. Curriculum Development Cenrtre, Trubhuwan University, Kathmandu, Nepal. 318 p.
In article      
 
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