Open Access Peer-reviewed

Analyzing the Quality of Fulfillment of Sustainable Development's Goals in Urban Complexes. Case Study: New Town of Parand

Mohammadjavad Mahdavinejad1,, Arefeh Iranishad2

1Assistant Professor of Architecture, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Tarbiatmodares University

2M S. in Urban Design, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University

American Journal of Rural Development. 2013, 1(4), 81-90. DOI: 10.12691/ajrd-1-4-4
Published online: August 25, 2017

Abstract

New towns are created in order to reply the needs such as absorbing population overflow, housing and many other factors; but their origins are not noticed at sustainable development process from the point of view of environmental programming and planning. The main goal of sustainable development concentrates on concepts such as promoting life quality that means to make qualitative and social indicators interfered, and welfare provision and social justice, however noticing social issues and spatial justice which confronts with human needs mostly in an organizational way, is among the long term and far-sighted goals, and confronts with issues by a fundamental approach. To use a descriptive-analytical method of research, this article analyses sustainability status of the new town of Parand, regarding sustainable development - environmental, economical, social and cultural. With regard to the results of the present article, paying attention merely to the framework and geometrical concepts and neglecting social goals in designing of the new town of Parand, will make it face with an improper cycle of social-economical and environmental balances, and some first-ever challenges like cultural conflicts, decline of life quality, income gaps, social disintegration, family structure weakening and unfair distribution of urban services, which neither caused urban injustice nor jeopardized social health of the city and the residents, but has made this concept unstable due to the fundamental relation between social justice and sustainable development. However, during the past ten years, the economical goals have improved well.

Keywords:

sustainable development, social goals, urban complexes, quality, new town of Parand
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