Open Access Peer-reviewed

Inequality Decomposition in the Distribution of Income and Child Health in Cameroon

Francis Menjo Baye1, Boniface Ngah Epo1,, Simon Alain Song Ntamack1

1Faculty of Economics and Management, University of Yaoundé II, Cameroon

American Journal of Rural Development. 2013, 1(1), 6-14. DOI: 10.12691/ajrd-1-1-2
Published online: August 25, 2017

Abstract

We undertake a spatial and inter-temporal decomposition of the S-Gini inequality index using the Shapley Value-based approach, and both money-metric and child health indicators collected by the government’s statistics office in 1996 and 2001. Changes in income inequalities are driven largely by changes in between-zone inequalities; for child health, the within-zone component remains more important. Results point to the wisdom of considering the redistribution of health facilities and services within-zones rather than across if the intention is to cost-effectively reduce overall health inequalities. In the monetary space, an optimal-mix of within- and between-zone distributive measures is important in addressing inequality.

Keywords:

Gini decomposition, Shapley value, income, child health and Cameroon
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