Article Versions
Export Article
Cite this article
  • Normal Style
  • MLA Style
  • APA Style
  • Chicago Style
Research Article
Open Access Peer-reviewed

Nursing Informatics Competency and Attitudes toward Internet-Based Distance Education among Nursing Students

Hanan Meslhy Mohamed , Alia IbrahimMohamed
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2018, 6(6), 650-657. DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-6-6-36
Received September 16, 2018; Revised October 21, 2018; Accepted October 28, 2018

Abstract

Background: Increase the attention to distance learning and increase thepopularity by time and led to far-reaching impact on the education scene. Aim: Examine the relationship of nursing informatics competency and attitudes toward internet-based distance education among nursing students. Sample: A stratified random sample (n= 315) of nursing students from different academic levels, encountering in baccalaureate science of nursing program during the academic year 2018-2019 constituted this study. Tools of data collection:A questionnaire sheet was used for data collection that was includedthree parts: 1) Personal characteristics of the nursing students, 2) Competence in information technology3) Students’ attitude toward internet based education scale. Results: The results revealed that the highest percentage of nursing students received previous training in computer and internet skills, have computer and internet access, reside rural areas, and have positive attitude toward internet based distance education. Conclusion: The present study concluded that the highest percentages of nursing students received previous training in computer and internet skills, have computer and internet access, reside rural areas, and have positive attitude toward internet based distance education. As well,there were statistically significant correlations between total score of the nursing students' attitude toward internet based distance education and all personal characteristics except place of residence, and there was a statistically significant positive correlation between total informatics competency score and readiness of nursing students to implement internet based distance education.Recommendations:Training and mentoring should be used to increase students' acceptance and skills in developing distance education, support Faculties of Nursing with resources and funding to build infrastructure necessary to promote students’ knowledge in nursing informatics and new technologies in education.

1. Introduction

Advances in healthcare have created a nursing workforce increasingly base on technology to deliver innovative therapies and quality-related outcomes data. Setup data base for students become vital to plan an informatics curriculum and adequately preparing 1. Nursing informatics is integrates nursing science such computer, and information and communication 2, 3.

Informatics competencies are increasingly considered a basic skill for every nurse and have been delineated by several investigators and organizations. Additionally, a number of instruments have been developed to measure some aspects of computer-related competencies in nursing 4.

Basic computer literacy (competency) is defined as “the use of personal computers, including the use of software tools such as word processing, spreadsheets, databases, presentation graphics, and e-mail” 5. Today’s education is faced with more demands than before; distance learning is used to fulfill these requirements.More information technology is distance learning could offered and students more requirebeing aware of these formats. Such distance learning give a significant help to education spread out 6.

Distance education is formal learning activity by geography, time or both for the majority of the instructional time. Teachers support distance learners through communication technologies.Where distance learning is an area of education, it has described teaching as creating and providing access to learning when knowledge and learners are separated by time and distance, or both 7. Examples of optimized delivery are the correspondence coursework, recorded lectures, and a website that could be posted for the student to read. This is provided by conference and lives video or training center 8.

1.1. Significance of the Study

Learners in high education learn through innovation, comprehensive and advanced methods of teaching. One of the challenges that are facing today’s education is the raised costs of educational buildings, labs and classrooms, which can be easily overcome through extensive use of distance learning.Therefore, this study conducted to examine the relation between nursing informatics competency and attitudes toward internet-based distance education among nursing students.

1.2. Aim of the Study

Examine therelation between nursing informatics competency and attitudes toward internet-based distance education among nursing students.

1.3. Research Questions

1. What is the level of informatics competency among nursing students?

2. What are attitudes toward internet-based distance education among nursing students?

3. Is there arelation between nursing informatics competency and attitude toward internet-based distance education among nursing students?

2. Subjects and Methods

2.1. Research Design

A Descriptive correlationdesign was used.

2.2. Study Setting

The investigation done in Faculty of Nursing, Zagazig University, Egypt.

2.3. Subjects

A stratified random sample was used. Required of nursing students from each academic year was calculated with the following formula: Number of students in each academic year × required sample size / total number of nursing students in the faculty. Accordingly 315 nursing students were chosen randomly as follows; First academic year (74 nursing students), second academic year (82 nursing students), third academic year (88 nursing students), and fourth academic year (71) nursing students.

2.4. Sample Size

Ideal sample size estimated at confidence interval 95%, margin of errors 5.0%, a total population size of 1743 nursing students, and by using following formula [n= N/ 1+ N (e)2] 9 sample size was 315 students.

Tools of data collection:

Aquestionnaire sheet composed of three partsas follow:

Part (1): Personal characteristics of nursing students developed by the researchers: Age, gender, academic year, previous training in computer and internet, internet access, and place of residence.

Part (2): Competence in information technology was developed by RagneskogandGerdner 10 to assess students' competencies in information technology. It consisted of 25 items.Nursing students' responses were measured on a five-point Likert scale ranged from strongly agree (5) to strongly disagree (1). The reliability of the instrument was estimated using Cronbach's alpha, it was (0.9).

2.5. Scoring System

The scores were categorized into expertlevel of informatics competencies who scored ≥ 75%, competent level (participants who scored 60-< 75%, and advancedbeginner level (participants who scored <60%) 10.

Part 3: internet based education scale: Developed by Panda and Mishra 11 to assess students' attitudes toward internet based education.The inventory included 20 items. The nursing students’ answers were evaluated on a five-point Likert scale ranged from 1 (Strongly Disagree) to 5 (Strongly Agree). The internal consistency of this inventory was assessed by using Cronbach's alpha coefficient and it was (0.84).

2.6. Scoring System

The scores were categorized into positive attitude toward internet –based distance education (participantsscored on ≥ 75%) andnegative attitudetoward internet –based distance education (participants scored on < 75%) 11.

Pilot study:

The pilot study was conducted in order to establish clarity, understanding, and applicability of instrument before beginning the actual data collection and estimate required time for each questionnaire sheet to be completed. 33 nursing students were randomly selected, and excluded from the main study.

2.7. Field Work

Data collection took one month from mid-March till mid-April, 2018. Aim of study was clarified to each student either individually or through group meetings and took thequestionnaires at break time betweenlectures according to their lectures time schedules. Time required for each questionnaire sheet about 15-20 minutes.

2.8. Administrative and Ethicalconsiderations

Ethics Committee and Dean of the Faculty of Nursing, Zagazig University. Verbal and written explanations of the aim and nature of the study have been presented to students included in the study sample. Confidentiality was confirmed by not writing their names. Researchers assured to participants their participation is absolutely voluntary.

2.9. Statistical Design

Data entry and statistical analysis using (SPSS), version 20 and cleaned to guarantee and no missing or inadequate information existed. ANOVA F test and t-test used to detect the relation between the variables. Correlation analysis between total scale scores was done.

3. Results

Table 1: Presents the personal characteristics of the nursing students. As shown in this table; 31.7% of nursing students are within the age group 20 to <21 years. As well, the highest percentage of them were female, in the third academic year, received previous training in computer and internet skills, and have computer and internet access(70.8%, 34.6%, 84.8%, 77.7%, respectively).

Figure 1: Illustrates the percentage distribution of total nursing informatics competency level among the nursing students. According to this figure 45.7% of the students have expert level of nursing informatics competency, followed by competent (39%),while advanced beginner level has the lowest percentage score (15.2%).

Figure 2: Demonstrates the percentage distribution of nursing students' total attitude score of internet based distance education. According to this figure, 84.2% of the students have positive attitude toward internet based distance education, while the rest have negative attitude (15.9%).

Table 2: Shows therelationship between nursing informatics competency score and personal characteristics of nursing students. According to this table there are highly statistically significant correlations between total score of the nursing students’ informatics competency and their personal characteristics related to age, gender academic years, previous training in computer and internet skills, and computer and internet access (p value< 0.001).

Table 3: presents the relationship between nursing students’ attitude regarding internet based distance education and their personal characteristics. According to this table, there are statistically significant relationships between total score of the nursing students attitude toward internet based distance education and their personnel characteristics related to age, gender, academic year, previous training in computer and internet skills, and computer and internet access(p value< 0.001).

Table 4: Demonstrates the correlation between nursing students’ informatics competency and attitude toward internet based distance education. According to this table, there is a statistically significant positive correlation between total informatics competency score and attitudes toward internet based distance education among nursing students (r= 0.74 & p value= .0001).

Table 5: Shows the linear regression model for prediction readiness of nursing students to implement internet based distance education from total score of nursing informatics competency. According to this table, there is a statistically significant positive correlation between total informatics competency score and readiness of nursing students to implement internet based distance education (R2= 4%; p = .0001), which reveals that nursing informatics competency is a predictor of nursing student's readiness to implement internet based distance education.

  • Table 3. Relationship between Nursing Students’ Attitude Regarding Internet - Based Distance Education and their personal Characteristics (n=315).

In accordance, in Egypt a study done by Taher and Ahmed 13, Sukums et al 14 and Buabbas et al. 15 who found that the majority of the students were computer literate. In the same line with the present study findings as Mohammed et al. 16 emphasized that the majority of the study sample had incongruent with the present and several previous study findings are those ofAlBarrak et al 17 Haefeli et al. 18 Irinoye et al 19 andElewa and El Guindy 20 as they declared that the majority of respondents had no previous computer training.

Majority of nursing students had access to computer and internet at faculty and home. In the same line, Deltsidou et al. 21, Shahi 22, Taher and Ahmed 13 and Elewa and El Guindy 20 as they found that most of the nursing students had access to computer at homes. Moreover, a study in Malaysia by Chong et al. 23 admitted that most of the nurses had a computer at home and at work. In disagreement with the present study results Irinoye et al. 19 admitted that respondents don’t have access to a computer and do not have personal computer. However, Singh 24 found thatthe majority of the respondents had access to the Internet. The previous results concurred with that of Akman et al. 25 andChipps et al 26. Also, Hay et al 27 reported in Australian undergraduate nursing students used at least one IT device similar to observation of ZayimandOzel 28.

Regarding,percentage distribution of total nursing informatics competency level among the nursing students, the result of the current study showed that, the highest percentages of nursing students have competency level ranged from expert to competent levels indicating a high competency level in nursing informatics among the students. This result may be due to that, most of students have a smart phone and computer access at home and faculty which helped them in acquiring more knowledge and competence in information technologies.

In addition, some of the nursing curriculums such as Public Health Administration was modified and included new topics about nursing informatics which affected nursing education. As well, the academic staff at all levels of nursing education are concerned with nursing informatics both practically and theoretically through transforming parts of nursing curriculums to on line courses on the university web site. These results are in the same line with that of, Shahi 22 andTaherand Ahmed 13 who examined the extent of computer literacyconcluded that most of the study subjects mentioned that they had expert skills in using computers.

Contradicting the present study, Mohammed et al 16 declared that respondents rated themselves as using computers inadequately. As well, Sukums et al 14 reported that most of the study sample was computer illiterate or beginner users.

Regarding the percentage distribution of nursing students' total attitude score of internet based distance education,the findings of the present study showed that the majority of the students have positive attitude toward internet based distance education. It was noticed that the highest percentage of the student nurses in this study were strongly agree that distance educationprovides an opportunity to study outside the place of residence.

Additionally, choosethe way of learning methods by determine the degree of interaction Stanković et al 29 In the same line Mahmoud 30 and Collins, 31 who’sfound perceptions of students towards use of distance learning and perceptions of distance learning were positive.

In agreement with the previous studies’ results Mumcu et al 32 andSaroha 33 who studied the attitude and perceptions of the learners towards theuse of distance educationconcluded that, both male and female have positive attitude towards distance education.As well, Bhartiya andBorah 34 who tested attitude of college students of Assam towards open and distance learning, found that more number of students of urban area have positive attitude towards open and distance learning in comparison to the students of rural area. All these results are in disagreement with those of GOK -Tolga 35 who evaluated the college students’ perceptions on distance education, found that the majority of the students were not pleased with the distance education courses from the point of the technical and educational interaction factors.

The findings of the current study showed that there was highly statistically significant correlation between total score of the nursing students' informatics competency and their age. This result coincide with that of Niyomkar 12 who examined computer competency of nursing students at a university in Thailand, and emphasized that, respondent age correlates positively with their informatics competency. In the same line, Haefeli et al. 18 and Fehr, 36 who revealed that age is a significant factor in nursing informatics competency.

Considering gender, the present study results showed that there is a statistically significant difference between gender and total score of the nursing students' informatics competency. The researchers could interpret this as nowadays both male and female have the access to smart phones and computers and they have a similarity of previous teaching background. This finding is in agreement with a study done in Egypt, on medical students at the faculty of medicine-Cairo University by Taherand Ahmed, 13 who found that there was a significant difference between gender and nursing students' informatics competency.

Incongruentwith the previousstudy findingsElewaand El Guindy 20 who found thatthere was no statistically significant difference between gender and perception of nursing students regarding nursing informatics.

The present study result showed that there was astatistically significant difference between nursing students' total score of informatics competency by their academic year. This could be attributed to lack of standardized curriculum and different background knowledge about information technology between students. As well, this may be due to differences in personal preference, interests and previous background.

In congruence with the present study findings, Rhemaand Miliszewska 37 emphasized that there was a difference between nursing students in relation to knowledge and, skill level, and on how information technology influences clinical practice. Furthermore, Yang et al. 38 found that education level had a significant impact on informatics competencies.

The findings of the current study showed that there was a highly statistically significant difference between total score of the nursing students' informatics competency in relation to computer and internet access, and previous training in computer and internet skills. This result is in the same line with that ofAlwan et al 39 and SINGH 24 who found that there wasa significant difference between competence in informaticsand previous training in computer among nursing students compared to those who did not.

The present study results showed that there was no statistically significant difference between total score of the nursing students' informatics competency and place of residence (rural & urban). This may be due to that, nowadays there was internet access in rural areas similar to urban areas, and that both of students in rural and urban areas had advanced skills in using technologies. This finding is in agreement with that ofRhemaandMiliszewska, 37 who study analysis of student attitudes towards e-learning in the case of engineering students in Libya andrevealed that there was no significant difference in the level of attitudes towards ICT and e-learning between the urban and reginal groups.

In disagrement withChipps et al 26 who found a significant relation between learners in rural and urban areas of South Africa and ICT, where IT access and network connections were often a challenge.

Concernng the relationships between nursing students’ attitudes regarding internet - based distance education and their personal characteristics,the findings of the present study revealed that there were statistically significant relationships between total score of the nursing students’ attitudes toward internet - based distance education and their personal characteristics related to age, gender, academic years, previous training in computer and internet skills, and computer and internet access. This may be due to that most of students have smart phones, taps, computers, and access to internet. And that both gender males and females, at all academic levels prepared assignmentsthrough computers and internet.As well; students are taking computers training courses which became important requirements for learning.

On the same line, Xing et al 40 who conducted a study, in China, to evaluate Chinese nurses’ attitudes toward, and needs for online learning, and to explore the differences in attitudes and needs between nursesmentioned that, there were positive statistically significant differences between nurses’ attitudes toward internet- based education and computer use and internet access at home and in their workplace and age while there was no significant difference with gender.

In consistence with the findings of Ben-Jacob et al. 41 which showed that most adult distance learners are more dedicated and tenacious; they are willing to learn new technologies or use different distance learning models because experience has taught them that education is the key to success. Regarding the correlationbetween nursing students' informatics competency and attitude toward internet based distance education, there waspositive correlation between total informatics competency score and attitudes toward internet- based distance education among nursing students. This finding matches the regression analysis in that when there was a competent level in nursing informatics of a student, this will increase nursing student's readiness to implement internet - based distance education.

This finding may be due to the successful implementation of distance-learning programs based on availability of electronic technology and access of internet devices and competent level of students to use these devices.

In agreement with Darvish et al 42 who conducted a study in Tehran to assess the role of nursing informatics on promoting quality of health care and the need for appropriate education, and mentioned that, students denoted that the electronic course is enriched with distance education which develops through the targeted set to improve the power, speed, and accessibility of instructional technologies.

In the same line, Conde et al. 43 and Shannon and Rice 44 revealed that almost all the students (95.6%) have positively assessed the effectiveness of using distance e-courses. They highlighted that the advantage of such training is that there is a wide opportunity to learn the material and perform assignments in any place and at any free time. In addition, Ulusoy et al 45 stated that computer technologies allow exchanging information meaningfully at any distance within the framework of the student-teacher system.

5. Conclusion

The present study findings concluded that,there was a statistically significant positive correlation between total informatics competency score and nursing students’ attitudes towards internet - based distance education.In addition, there were statistically significant correlations between total score of the nursing students' attitudes toward internet - based distance education and all personal characteristics except forplace of residence.

6. Recommendations

˙ Training and mentoring should be used to increase nursing students' acceptance and skills in developing distance education.

˙ Designing appropriate training programsto help nursing students maintaining familiarity with the use of new information technologies.

˙ Supporting faculties of nursing with resources and funding to build infrastructure necessary to promote students ‘competence in nursing informatics and new technologies in education.

˙ Providing faculty staff with opportunities to learn and develop skillsabout nursing informatics in order to prepare them to integrate this course within thefaculty curriculum and courses they teach.

˙ Encouraging faculty staff in transforming books ofnursing courses to on - line courses through the university web site.

7. Further Researches

Required to be carried out in Egyptian universities to determine and evaluate barriers, incentives, and factors affecting the implementation of internet-based education.

References

[1]  Hebda, T., & Czar, P. (2013). Handbook of informatics for nurses and healthcare professionals; Pearson: New York.
In article      
 
[2]  American Nurses Association, (ANA). (2015). Scope and standards of nursing informatics practice. Nurses books: Silver Spring, MD.p.17
In article      
 
[3]  Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society. (2012). Nursing informatics 101. Retrieved February 13, 2013 from: www.himss.org
In article      
 
[4]  YOON, S., YEN, P.,& BAKKEN,S.(2010). Psychometric Properties of the Self-Assessment of Nursing Informatics Competencies Scale. Stud Health Technol Inform; 146: 546–550.
In article      
 
[5]  Hebda T.,&Calderone, T. (2013). What nurse educators need to know about the TIGER initiative. Nurse Educator; 35, 56–60.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[6]  Godsey J. (2015). Towards an informatics competent nursing profession: Validation of the Self-Assessment of Nursing informatics competency scale (SANICS) before and after online infonrmatics training. ProQuest.
In article      
 
[7]  Honeyman, M.,& Miller, G. (2012). Agriculture distance education: A valid alternative for higher education? Proceedings of the 20th Annual National Agricultural Education Research Meeting (67 – 73).
In article      
 
[8]  Collins, S., McKinnies, R., Collins, K. (2017). Distance Learning and How Access to Education Can Be Improved. Online Journal of Workforce Education and Development.
In article      
 
[9]  Krejcie, R.V. & Morgan, D.W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurements; 30: 607-610.
In article      View Article
 
[10]  Ragneskog, H.,&Gerdner, L.( 2006). Competence in nursing informatics among nursing students and staff at a nursing institute in Sweden. Health Information and Libraries Journal; 23, pp.126–132.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[11]  Panda, S.,& Mishra, S. (2007). E-Learning in a mega open university: Faculty attitude barriers and motivators. Educational Media International; 44(4), 323-338.
In article      View Article
 
[12]  Niyomkar, S. (2012). Computer competency of nursing students at a university in Thailand. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements For the degree of doctor of Philosophy.
In article      
 
[13]  Taher, E., & Ahmed, D. (2014). The Extent of Computer Literacy among Medical Students at Cairo University and their Attitudes towards its Use in Medical Education. International Public Health Forum; Vol.1 No.1 March.
In article      
 
[14]  Sukums, F., Mensah, N., Mpembeni, R., Kaltschmidt, J., Haefeli, W. E., & Blank, A. (2014). Health workers’ knowledge of and attitudes towards computer applications in rural African health facilities. Global Health Action; 7, 24534. http://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v7.24534.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[15]  Buabbas, A. J., Al-Shawaf, H. M. H., &Almajran, A. A. (2016). Health Sciences Students’ Self-Assessment of Information and Communication Technology Skills and Attitude Toward e-Learning. JMIR Medical Education; 2(1), 9. http://doi.org/10.2196/mededu.5606.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[16]  Mohammed, E., Andargie, G., Meseret, S., &Girma, E. (2013). Knowledge and utilization of computer among health workers in Addis Ababa hospitals, Ethiopia: computer literacy in the health sector. Available at: http://doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-6-106.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[17]  Al Barrak, A., Al Yami, R., &Bamajboor, A. (2011). Assessment of skills and attitude of dental students and interns toward dental informatics in KSU. IADIS International Conference e-Health.
In article      
 
[18]  Haefeli, E.,Kaltschmidt, J., Blank, A.,Sukums, F., Mensah, N.,&Mpembeni, R. (2014). Health workers’ knowledge of and attitudes towards computer applications in rural African health facilities. Global Health Action;7 :(1), 24534, DOI: 10.3402/ gha.v7.24534. Available at: https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v7.24534.
In article      
 
[19]  Irinoye, O., Ayamolowo, S., &Tijnai, O. K. (2016). Part-Time Undergraduate Nursing Students’ Perception and Attitude to ICT Supports for Distance Education in Nursing in Nigeria. Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Technology; 4(2), 8–21. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1826533434?accountid=8144.
In article      
 
[20]  Elewa, A.,& El Guindy, H. (2017). Nursing Students' Perception and Educational Needs regarding Nursing informatics. International Journal of Nursing Didactics; ol 7,(3),12-20.
In article      View Article
 
[21]  Deltsidou, A., Gesouli-Voltyraki, E., Mastrogiannis, D., &Noula, M. (2010). Undergraduate nursing students’ ,computer skills assessment: A study in Greece. Health Science Journal, 4(3), 182–188.
In article      
 
[22]  Shahi, M. (2012). Knowledge , attitude and application of computer by Bachelor Level Nursing students. International Public Health Forum; 11(4),21–27.
In article      
 
[23]  Chong, M.C., Francis, K., Cooper, S., Abdullah, K.L., Hmwe, N.T., Sohod, S. (2016). Access to, interest in and attitude toward e-learning for continuous education among Malaysian nurses. Nurse Educ Today;36:370–4. [PubMed] [Google Scholar.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[24]  SINGH, F. (2017). Information technology in nursing education: perspectives of student nurses. Master thesis in University of South Africa, Pretoria. Retrieved on: 9/5/2018, Available at:<http://hdl.handle.net/10500/25575.
In article      
 
[25]  Akman, A., Erdemir, F.,&Tekindal, M.A. (2014). Psychometric properties and reliability of the Turkish version of the technology attitudes survey and nursing students’ attitudes toward technology. International Journal of Caring Sciences; 7(2):415-425. From: http://www.internationaljournalofcaringsciences.org/docs/9.%20Akman-1 (accessed 10 may2018).
In article      
 
[26]  Chipps, J., Pimmer, C., Brysiewicz, P., Walters, F., Linxen, S., Ndebele, T.,&Gröhbiel, U. (2015). Using mobile phones and social media to facilitate education and support for rural-based midwives in South Africa. Curationis; 38(2):[1-8]. Available at: http://www.curationis.org.za/index.php/curationis/article/view/1500/1839 (accessed 9 October 2019).
In article      View Article
 
[27]  Hay, B., Carr, P.J., Dawe, L.,& Clark-Burg, K. (2017). “I’m ready to learn”: undergraduate nursing students' knowledge, preferences and practice of mobile technology and social media. CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing; 35(1):8-17.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[28]  Zayim, N.,&Ozel, D. (2015). Factors affecting nursing students’ readiness and perceptions toward the use of mobile technologies for learning. CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing; 33(10): 456-464.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[29]  Stanković, A., Petrović, B.,&Milosević, Z. (2015. Attitudes and Knowledge of Medical Students about Distance Learning. ActaFacultatisMedicaeNaissensis;32(3):199-207.
In article      View Article
 
[30]  Mahmoud, A. (2016). Students' Attitude towards Distance Learning at Al-Quds Open University/ Tulkarem Educational Region. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR). 5 (2), February 2016, SSN (Online): 2319-7064.
In article      View Article
 
[31]  Collins, K. (2010). Perceptions of Students Towards Use of Distance Learning: The Case in an Executive Masters Business Program in Ghana. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration; Volume XIII, Number II.
In article      
 
[32]  Mumcu, G., Köksal,L., Dipman, N., Catar, O. (2011). Continuing medical education and e-learning for health professionals. J Marmara Ins Heal Sci; 1: 74-8.
In article      
 
[33]  Saroha, R. (2014). Attitudes Towards Distance Learning: A Comparative Study. International Journal of Information and Computation Technology; 4 (3), pp. 309-314.
In article      
 
[34]  Bhartiya, T., & Borah, S. (2017). Attitude of College Students of Assam towards Open and Distance Learning. International Journal of Humanities & Social Science Studies (IJHSSS);May,3(6), 370-381.
In article      
 
[35]  GOK –Tolga. (2015). The evaluation of the college students' perceptions on distance education from the point of the technical and educational factors. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education-TOJDE;April 16(2 ), 7.
In article      View Article
 
[36]  Fehr, S.,T. (2014). Examining the relationship between Nursing informatics competency and evidence based practice competency among Acute Care Nurses, Published Doctorate Thesis, George Mason University.
In article      
 
[37]  Rhema, A., &Miliszewska, I. (2014). Analysis of student attitudes towards e-learning: The case of engineering students in Libya. Issues in Informing Science and Information Technology, 11, 169-190. Retrieved from http://iisit.org/Vol11/IISITv11p169-190Rhema0471.pdf.
In article      View Article
 
[38]  Yang, L., Cui, D., Zhu, X., Zhao, Q., Xiao, N., &Shen, X. (2014). Perspectives from: Nurse Managers on Informatics Competencies, 2014, 3–8.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[39]  Alwan, K., Awoke, T.,&Tilahun, B. (2015). Knowledge and utilization of computers among health professionals in a developing country: a cross-sectional study. JMIR Human Factors; 2(1):[1 -8]. Retrieved From: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4797659/ (accessed10 October2019).
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[40]  Xing, W.,Ao, L., Xiao, H., Cheng, L., Yan,L.,&Wang, J. (2017). Nurses’ Attitudes toward, and Needs for Online Learning: Differences between Rural and Urban Hospitals in Shanghai, East China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health;15, 1495; doi:10.3390/ijerph15071495
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[41]  Ben-Jacob, M. G., Levin, D. S.,& Ben-Jacob, T. K. (2015). The learning environment of the 21st century. Educational Technology Review; 13, 8-12.
In article      
 
[42]  Darvish, A., Bahramnezhad, F., Keyhanian, S.,&Navidhamidi, M. (2014). The Role of Nursing Informatics on Promoting Quality of Health Care and the Need for Appropriate Education in Tehran. Global Journal of Health Science; 6,(6).
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[43]  Conde, M. Á., García-Peñalvo, F. J., Rodríguez-Conde, M. J., Alier, M., Casany, M. J., &Piguillem, J. (2014). An evolving Learning Management System for new educational environments using 2.0 tools. Interactive Learning Environments, 22(2), 188-204. https://doi.org/10.1080/10494820.2012.745433
In article      
 
[44]  Shannon, L. J. Y., & Rice, M. (2017). Scoring the Open Source Learning Management Systems. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 7(6), 432-436.
In article      View Article
 
[45]  Ulusoy, M. N., Usl, E., Yıldırım, A. (2015). Nursing informatics in nursing education. Innovational Journal of Nursing and Healthcare; 1 (1), 123-127.
In article      
 

Published with license by Science and Education Publishing, Copyright © 2018 Hanan Meslhy Mohamed and Alia IbrahimMohamed

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Cite this article:

Normal Style
Hanan Meslhy Mohamed, Alia IbrahimMohamed. Nursing Informatics Competency and Attitudes toward Internet-Based Distance Education among Nursing Students. American Journal of Nursing Research. Vol. 6, No. 6, 2018, pp 650-657. http://pubs.sciepub.com/ajnr/6/6/36
MLA Style
Mohamed, Hanan Meslhy, and Alia IbrahimMohamed. "Nursing Informatics Competency and Attitudes toward Internet-Based Distance Education among Nursing Students." American Journal of Nursing Research 6.6 (2018): 650-657.
APA Style
Mohamed, H. M. , & IbrahimMohamed, A. (2018). Nursing Informatics Competency and Attitudes toward Internet-Based Distance Education among Nursing Students. American Journal of Nursing Research, 6(6), 650-657.
Chicago Style
Mohamed, Hanan Meslhy, and Alia IbrahimMohamed. "Nursing Informatics Competency and Attitudes toward Internet-Based Distance Education among Nursing Students." American Journal of Nursing Research 6, no. 6 (2018): 650-657.
Share
    • Table 2. Relationships between Nursing Informatics Competency Score and Personal Characteristics ofNursing Students (n=315)
    • Table 3. Relationship between Nursing Students’ Attitude Regarding Internet - Based Distance Education and their personal Characteristics (n=315).
    • Table 4. Correlation betweenNursing Informatics Competency and Nursing Students' Attitude toward Internet -Based Distance Education(n=315)
    • Table 5. Linear Regression Model for Prediction Readiness of Nursing Students to Internet - Based Distance Education (n=315)
[1]  Hebda, T., & Czar, P. (2013). Handbook of informatics for nurses and healthcare professionals; Pearson: New York.
In article      
 
[2]  American Nurses Association, (ANA). (2015). Scope and standards of nursing informatics practice. Nurses books: Silver Spring, MD.p.17
In article      
 
[3]  Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society. (2012). Nursing informatics 101. Retrieved February 13, 2013 from: www.himss.org
In article      
 
[4]  YOON, S., YEN, P.,& BAKKEN,S.(2010). Psychometric Properties of the Self-Assessment of Nursing Informatics Competencies Scale. Stud Health Technol Inform; 146: 546–550.
In article      
 
[5]  Hebda T.,&Calderone, T. (2013). What nurse educators need to know about the TIGER initiative. Nurse Educator; 35, 56–60.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[6]  Godsey J. (2015). Towards an informatics competent nursing profession: Validation of the Self-Assessment of Nursing informatics competency scale (SANICS) before and after online infonrmatics training. ProQuest.
In article      
 
[7]  Honeyman, M.,& Miller, G. (2012). Agriculture distance education: A valid alternative for higher education? Proceedings of the 20th Annual National Agricultural Education Research Meeting (67 – 73).
In article      
 
[8]  Collins, S., McKinnies, R., Collins, K. (2017). Distance Learning and How Access to Education Can Be Improved. Online Journal of Workforce Education and Development.
In article      
 
[9]  Krejcie, R.V. & Morgan, D.W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurements; 30: 607-610.
In article      View Article
 
[10]  Ragneskog, H.,&Gerdner, L.( 2006). Competence in nursing informatics among nursing students and staff at a nursing institute in Sweden. Health Information and Libraries Journal; 23, pp.126–132.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[11]  Panda, S.,& Mishra, S. (2007). E-Learning in a mega open university: Faculty attitude barriers and motivators. Educational Media International; 44(4), 323-338.
In article      View Article
 
[12]  Niyomkar, S. (2012). Computer competency of nursing students at a university in Thailand. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements For the degree of doctor of Philosophy.
In article      
 
[13]  Taher, E., & Ahmed, D. (2014). The Extent of Computer Literacy among Medical Students at Cairo University and their Attitudes towards its Use in Medical Education. International Public Health Forum; Vol.1 No.1 March.
In article      
 
[14]  Sukums, F., Mensah, N., Mpembeni, R., Kaltschmidt, J., Haefeli, W. E., & Blank, A. (2014). Health workers’ knowledge of and attitudes towards computer applications in rural African health facilities. Global Health Action; 7, 24534. http://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v7.24534.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[15]  Buabbas, A. J., Al-Shawaf, H. M. H., &Almajran, A. A. (2016). Health Sciences Students’ Self-Assessment of Information and Communication Technology Skills and Attitude Toward e-Learning. JMIR Medical Education; 2(1), 9. http://doi.org/10.2196/mededu.5606.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[16]  Mohammed, E., Andargie, G., Meseret, S., &Girma, E. (2013). Knowledge and utilization of computer among health workers in Addis Ababa hospitals, Ethiopia: computer literacy in the health sector. Available at: http://doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-6-106.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[17]  Al Barrak, A., Al Yami, R., &Bamajboor, A. (2011). Assessment of skills and attitude of dental students and interns toward dental informatics in KSU. IADIS International Conference e-Health.
In article      
 
[18]  Haefeli, E.,Kaltschmidt, J., Blank, A.,Sukums, F., Mensah, N.,&Mpembeni, R. (2014). Health workers’ knowledge of and attitudes towards computer applications in rural African health facilities. Global Health Action;7 :(1), 24534, DOI: 10.3402/ gha.v7.24534. Available at: https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v7.24534.
In article      
 
[19]  Irinoye, O., Ayamolowo, S., &Tijnai, O. K. (2016). Part-Time Undergraduate Nursing Students’ Perception and Attitude to ICT Supports for Distance Education in Nursing in Nigeria. Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Technology; 4(2), 8–21. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1826533434?accountid=8144.
In article      
 
[20]  Elewa, A.,& El Guindy, H. (2017). Nursing Students' Perception and Educational Needs regarding Nursing informatics. International Journal of Nursing Didactics; ol 7,(3),12-20.
In article      View Article
 
[21]  Deltsidou, A., Gesouli-Voltyraki, E., Mastrogiannis, D., &Noula, M. (2010). Undergraduate nursing students’ ,computer skills assessment: A study in Greece. Health Science Journal, 4(3), 182–188.
In article      
 
[22]  Shahi, M. (2012). Knowledge , attitude and application of computer by Bachelor Level Nursing students. International Public Health Forum; 11(4),21–27.
In article      
 
[23]  Chong, M.C., Francis, K., Cooper, S., Abdullah, K.L., Hmwe, N.T., Sohod, S. (2016). Access to, interest in and attitude toward e-learning for continuous education among Malaysian nurses. Nurse Educ Today;36:370–4. [PubMed] [Google Scholar.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[24]  SINGH, F. (2017). Information technology in nursing education: perspectives of student nurses. Master thesis in University of South Africa, Pretoria. Retrieved on: 9/5/2018, Available at:<http://hdl.handle.net/10500/25575.
In article      
 
[25]  Akman, A., Erdemir, F.,&Tekindal, M.A. (2014). Psychometric properties and reliability of the Turkish version of the technology attitudes survey and nursing students’ attitudes toward technology. International Journal of Caring Sciences; 7(2):415-425. From: http://www.internationaljournalofcaringsciences.org/docs/9.%20Akman-1 (accessed 10 may2018).
In article      
 
[26]  Chipps, J., Pimmer, C., Brysiewicz, P., Walters, F., Linxen, S., Ndebele, T.,&Gröhbiel, U. (2015). Using mobile phones and social media to facilitate education and support for rural-based midwives in South Africa. Curationis; 38(2):[1-8]. Available at: http://www.curationis.org.za/index.php/curationis/article/view/1500/1839 (accessed 9 October 2019).
In article      View Article
 
[27]  Hay, B., Carr, P.J., Dawe, L.,& Clark-Burg, K. (2017). “I’m ready to learn”: undergraduate nursing students' knowledge, preferences and practice of mobile technology and social media. CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing; 35(1):8-17.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[28]  Zayim, N.,&Ozel, D. (2015). Factors affecting nursing students’ readiness and perceptions toward the use of mobile technologies for learning. CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing; 33(10): 456-464.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[29]  Stanković, A., Petrović, B.,&Milosević, Z. (2015. Attitudes and Knowledge of Medical Students about Distance Learning. ActaFacultatisMedicaeNaissensis;32(3):199-207.
In article      View Article
 
[30]  Mahmoud, A. (2016). Students' Attitude towards Distance Learning at Al-Quds Open University/ Tulkarem Educational Region. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR). 5 (2), February 2016, SSN (Online): 2319-7064.
In article      View Article
 
[31]  Collins, K. (2010). Perceptions of Students Towards Use of Distance Learning: The Case in an Executive Masters Business Program in Ghana. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration; Volume XIII, Number II.
In article      
 
[32]  Mumcu, G., Köksal,L., Dipman, N., Catar, O. (2011). Continuing medical education and e-learning for health professionals. J Marmara Ins Heal Sci; 1: 74-8.
In article      
 
[33]  Saroha, R. (2014). Attitudes Towards Distance Learning: A Comparative Study. International Journal of Information and Computation Technology; 4 (3), pp. 309-314.
In article      
 
[34]  Bhartiya, T., & Borah, S. (2017). Attitude of College Students of Assam towards Open and Distance Learning. International Journal of Humanities & Social Science Studies (IJHSSS);May,3(6), 370-381.
In article      
 
[35]  GOK –Tolga. (2015). The evaluation of the college students' perceptions on distance education from the point of the technical and educational factors. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education-TOJDE;April 16(2 ), 7.
In article      View Article
 
[36]  Fehr, S.,T. (2014). Examining the relationship between Nursing informatics competency and evidence based practice competency among Acute Care Nurses, Published Doctorate Thesis, George Mason University.
In article      
 
[37]  Rhema, A., &Miliszewska, I. (2014). Analysis of student attitudes towards e-learning: The case of engineering students in Libya. Issues in Informing Science and Information Technology, 11, 169-190. Retrieved from http://iisit.org/Vol11/IISITv11p169-190Rhema0471.pdf.
In article      View Article
 
[38]  Yang, L., Cui, D., Zhu, X., Zhao, Q., Xiao, N., &Shen, X. (2014). Perspectives from: Nurse Managers on Informatics Competencies, 2014, 3–8.
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[39]  Alwan, K., Awoke, T.,&Tilahun, B. (2015). Knowledge and utilization of computers among health professionals in a developing country: a cross-sectional study. JMIR Human Factors; 2(1):[1 -8]. Retrieved From: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4797659/ (accessed10 October2019).
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[40]  Xing, W.,Ao, L., Xiao, H., Cheng, L., Yan,L.,&Wang, J. (2017). Nurses’ Attitudes toward, and Needs for Online Learning: Differences between Rural and Urban Hospitals in Shanghai, East China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health;15, 1495; doi:10.3390/ijerph15071495
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[41]  Ben-Jacob, M. G., Levin, D. S.,& Ben-Jacob, T. K. (2015). The learning environment of the 21st century. Educational Technology Review; 13, 8-12.
In article      
 
[42]  Darvish, A., Bahramnezhad, F., Keyhanian, S.,&Navidhamidi, M. (2014). The Role of Nursing Informatics on Promoting Quality of Health Care and the Need for Appropriate Education in Tehran. Global Journal of Health Science; 6,(6).
In article      View Article  PubMed
 
[43]  Conde, M. Á., García-Peñalvo, F. J., Rodríguez-Conde, M. J., Alier, M., Casany, M. J., &Piguillem, J. (2014). An evolving Learning Management System for new educational environments using 2.0 tools. Interactive Learning Environments, 22(2), 188-204. https://doi.org/10.1080/10494820.2012.745433
In article      
 
[44]  Shannon, L. J. Y., & Rice, M. (2017). Scoring the Open Source Learning Management Systems. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 7(6), 432-436.
In article      View Article
 
[45]  Ulusoy, M. N., Usl, E., Yıldırım, A. (2015). Nursing informatics in nursing education. Innovational Journal of Nursing and Healthcare; 1 (1), 123-127.
In article