Open Access Peer-reviewed

Malignant Hyperthermia with Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation during Congenital Ptosis Correction: A Case Report

Admir Sinamati1, Albert Kreci1, Gentian Vyshka2,

1Institute of Legal Medicine, Tirana, Albania

2Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine, Tirana, Albania

American Journal of Medicine Studies. 2013, 1(2), 8-10. DOI: 10.12691/ajms-1-2-2
Published online: August 25, 2017

Abstract

The case of a 10-year old Caucasian boy operated for correction of congenital bilateral ptosis is described. The picture of a malignant hyperthermia complicated with disseminated intravascular coagulation was seen during the surgery, almost twenty minutes after inhalational volatile anesthesia started. The patient was pronounced dead after the third episode of cardiac arrest that did not responded to electrical conversion. Microscopic and macroscopic findings of the autopsy are described as well, with diffuse bleeding and extravasation in almost all vital organs and body cavities. A discussion on the triggering factors and neuromuscular disorders that are particularly prone to get complicated with imputed anesthetic agents is made, with special referral to similar cases found in the literature, since such a complication was initially reported.

Keywords:

halothane, congenital ptosis, malignant hyperthermia, disseminated intravascular coagulation, dantrolene
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