Open Access Peer-reviewed

Some Aspects of Medical Education in Russia

Sergei V. Jsrgin
Department of Pathology, Peoples’ Friendship University, Moscow, Russia
American Journal of Medicine Studies. 2013, 1(2), 4-7. DOI: 10.12691/ajms-1-2-1
Published online: August 25, 2017


Some aspects of medical education in Russia are discussed in this report. After the 6-year undergraduate education, a 2-year postgraduate program without a preceding internship is the usual way to become a medical specialist. Besides, the specialist certificates can be obtained after a 1-year internship. Shortages of education, limited availability of foreign professional literature and partial isolation of Russian medicine from the rest of the world contributed to persistence of outdated methods. At the same time, limited access to the international literature has been compensated by domestic editions, which often are scarcely illustrated, contain outdated information, while borrowings from foreign sources sometimes harbor mistranslations leading to a loss or distortion of the original meaning. For elimination of the shortages, more international cooperation is needed, which necessitates more mutual trust. Without profound restructuring, the current system of postgraduate training in Russia can be adapted to the international standards if its components (internship, 2-and 3-year postgraduate programs), would be transformed into consecutive steps. Curricula should be modernized and include more rotation. With time, the above-named components of the postgraduate training can be amalgamated in a unified system.


medical education, postgraduate training, medical literature, Russia
[1]  Burger EJ, Ziganshina L, Ziganshin AU. Academic medicine in Russia. Croat Med J. 2004; 45 (6):674-6. PubMed
[2]  Chikin SIa, Isakov IuF, Cheknev BM. Health care and preparation of medical specialists. Moscow: Meditsina, 1980.
[3]  Kryshtopa BP. Higher medical education in the Ukrainian SSR. Kiev: Zdorov’ia, 1985.
[4]  Farmer RG, Sirotkin AY, Ziganshina LE, Greenberg HM. The Russian health care system today: can American-Russian CME programs help? Cleve Clin J Med. 2003; 70 (11):937-8, 941-2, 944.View Article  PubMed
[5]  Ordinance of the Ministry of Health of Russian Federation No. 23 dated 17 February 1993 “On the approval of the regulations concerning the clinical ordinatura”.
[6]  Fedorovskii NM, Khalikova EIu. On the postgraduate and supplementary education of anesthetists and experts in resuscitation. In: The management system for quality control and optimization of the educational process. Proceedings of the scientific and methodical conference dedicated to the 250 years anniversary of the I.M. Sechenov Moscow Medical Academy, held on 14 October 2008 in Moscow, Russia. Moscow, 2008; pp. 348-50.
[7]  Domanskaia IA, Ershova TG, Kuznetsova OA, Kuznetsova OIu, Lebedinskii KM, Mazurok VA, Mikhailovich VA, Obolenskii SV. Professional selection and successful residency training in anesthesiology-resuscitation. Anesteziol Reanimatol. 2009; (2):67-9. PubMed
[8]  Kabanova SA, Lozhkevich IIu. The training of medical and scientific manpower in the system of postgraduate medical education. Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2010; (1):52-8.
[9]  Morozova VT, Dolgov VV, Malakhov VN. Training of clinical laboratory professionals in Russia. Clin Chim Acta. 1994; 232 (1-2):167-71.View Article
[10]  Jargin SV. Legal regulations of pathology in Russia. Int J Legal Med. 2008; 122 (6):535-6.View Article  PubMed
[11]  Kozlovskii IV, Bel'skaia TD, Kozlovskii VI. The current problems of physician training in internship and its outlook. Ter Arkh. 1991; 63 (7):99-100. PubMed
[12]  Ministry of Health of Russian Federation. Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education. Postgraduate Education at the contemporary stage. Moscow: M-Vesti, 2000.
[13]  Roll-Hansen N. The Lysenko effect: undermining the autonomy of science. Endeavour. 2005; 29 (4):143-7.View Article  PubMed
[14]  Vasileva EYu, Massard G, Enina OV, Tomilova MI, Mizgirev DV, Akulinin VA, Pottecher T, Schäfer T, Elia S. Education quality control standards at the medical university: a textbook. Arkhangelsk: the Northern State Medical University Press, 2012.
[15]  Vasileva EYu, Svistunov AA. Mechanisms for medical university teaching staff evaluation: a textbook. Arkhangelsk: the Northern State Medical University Press, 2012.
[16]  Kazakov VN, Selezneva NA, Talalaenko AN, Kamenetskii MS, Garina MG Pevan MB, Quality control of the specialist training: system and target approach. Moscow and Donetsk: Donetsk Medical University, 2003.
[17]  Jargin SV. Manipulation of statistics in medical research. Dermatopathology: Practical & Conceptual 2009; 15 (1):21.
[18]  Jargin SV. Examples of plagiarism. Dermatopathol: Pract & Conc 2008; 14 (2); continued in 2009; 15 (1), 15 (2), 15 (4) and 2010; 16 (1):20.
[19]  Murphy J, Jargin S. International perspectives and initiatives. The state of medical libraries in the former Soviet Union. Health Info Libr J. 2010; 27:244-8.View Article  PubMed
[20]  Jargin SV. Health care and life expectancy: A letter from Russia. Public Health. 2012.View Article  PubMed
[21]  Jargin S. Some aspects of medical education in the former Soviet Union. Sao Paulo Med J. 2012; 130 (1):65-6. PubMed
[22]  Jargin SV. Renal biopsy research in the former Soviet Union: prevention of a negligent custom. ISRN Nephrology 2013; Article 980859.
[23]  Jargin SV. Testing of serum atherogenicity in cell cultures: questionable data published. Ger Med Sci. 2012;10: Doc02. PubMed
[24]  Jargin SV. Pathology in the former Soviet Union: scientific misonduct and related phenomena. Dermatol Pract Concept 2011; 1 (1):16.View Article
[25]  Jargin SV. Renal biopsy research with implications for therapy of glomerulonephritis. Curr Drug ther 2012; 7 (4):263-267.View Article
[26]  Jargin SV. Unnecessary operations: a letter from Russian pathologist. Int J Surg. 2010; 8 (5):409-10.View Article  PubMed
[27]  Jargin SV. The practice of pathology in Russia: On the eve of modernization. Basic Appl Pathol 2010; 3 (2):70-3.View Article
[28]  Jargin SV. Manliness propaganda and contact lens complications: a view from Russia. BMJ Rapid Response published 13 March 2010.
[29]  Galankin VN. Teseus phenomenon: a new symptom. Arkh Pathol. 1994; 56 (1):22-29. PubMed
[30]  Severgina ES, Pal'tsev MA. Hypoplastic dysplasia as one of the forms of nephropathy. Arkh Patol. 1989; 51 (10):58-63. PubMed
[31]  Jargin SV. Modern methods in histo- and cytopathology: a view from Russia. FASEB J 2010; 24 (Suppl):954.4.
[32]  Jargin SV. On the causes of insufficient restroom environmental hygiene in the former Soviet Union. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 2009; 51 (6):353.View Article  PubMed
[33]  Zatoński W, Bhala N. Response to letter from S.V. Jargin. Public Health. 2012.
[34]  Petrov SV, Raikhlin NT. (eds.) Manual on immunohistochemical diagnosis of human tumors. 4th edition (in Russian). Kazan: Titul, 2012.
[35]  Denisov IN, Kosarev II. Higher medical education: evolution, problems and perspectives. Moscow: MMSI, 1998. PubMed