Open Access Peer-reviewed

Vaccinations of Slaughtered Horses in Finland

HI Koskinen
Department of Veterinary Biosciences Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland
American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease. 2013, 1(3), 20-23. DOI: 10.12691/ajeid-1-3-1
Published online: August 25, 2017

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to study the vaccination status of slaughtered horses in Finland. Database of slaughtered horses from Hippos (The Finnish Trotting and Breeding Association) was analyzed and some statistics were calculated. Slaughtered horses (n = 1863) were divided into groups of vaccinated and unvaccinated and, further, into subgroups of regularly and irregularly vaccinated. Age and sex distribution of each group was defined. Differences between these groups defined by vaccination status, age and sex were calculated by χ²- test and t-test. The principal results showed a majority of unvaccinated horses (n = 1030, 55 %), but when vaccinated they were mostly vaccinated according to the recommendations (n = 697, 84 %). Combination of equine influenza and tetanus was mostly favored and all horses were vaccinated against equine influenza. The age of a horse was a critical factor in determining vaccination routines. In conclusion, the nonchalance of some horse owners and the susceptible nature of the horse population in Finland were suspected. A further research project with a vaccination register from competition organizers as well as the disease status among well vaccinated horses was suggested.

Keywords:

equine influenza, slaughtered horse, tetanus, vaccination, vaccine
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