Diffuse large B-Cell Non-Hodgkin's of Bronchus-associated Lymphoid Tissue (BALT) Lymphomas: Case Rep...

Mehrdad Payandeh, Edris Sadeghi, Masoud Sadeghi, Faezeh Gholami

American Journal of Cancer Prevention

Diffuse large B-Cell Non-Hodgkin's of Bronchus-associated Lymphoid Tissue (BALT) Lymphomas: Case Report

Mehrdad Payandeh1, Edris Sadeghi2, 3,, Masoud Sadeghi2, 3, Faezeh Gholami2

1Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2Student Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3Medical Biology Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Bronchus-associated Lymphoid Tissue (BALT) lymphomas are a rare type of extranodal marginal zone lymphomas. Herein we report a rare instance, diffuse large B cell type lymphoma can present primarily in the lung. Case Report: A 57-year-old female patient was admitted to our clinic in November 2008, with complaints of shortness of breath, fever and a cough associated with the production of small amounts of phlegm. CT scan showed interstitial infiltration in between inspiratory. Pathological report revealed lymphoproliferative disorder (diffuse large B cell lymphoma) after left lung lobectomy. She was treated with six cycles of chop (cyclophosphamide + doxorubicin + vincristine + prednisolone) chemotherapy. Chest radiographs demonstrated significantly reduced in the parnshymal tissue in both lungs. Conclusion: DLBCL of BALT is very rare with nonspecific signs and symptoms. Furthermore, CHOP chemotherapy may be an effective treatment of the disease.

Cite this article:

  • Mehrdad Payandeh, Edris Sadeghi, Masoud Sadeghi, Faezeh Gholami. Diffuse large B-Cell Non-Hodgkin's of Bronchus-associated Lymphoid Tissue (BALT) Lymphomas: Case Report. American Journal of Cancer Prevention. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp 84-85. http://pubs.sciepub.com/ajcp/3/5/1
  • Payandeh, Mehrdad, et al. "Diffuse large B-Cell Non-Hodgkin's of Bronchus-associated Lymphoid Tissue (BALT) Lymphomas: Case Report." American Journal of Cancer Prevention 3.5 (2015): 84-85.
  • Payandeh, M. , Sadeghi, E. , Sadeghi, M. , & Gholami, F. (2015). Diffuse large B-Cell Non-Hodgkin's of Bronchus-associated Lymphoid Tissue (BALT) Lymphomas: Case Report. American Journal of Cancer Prevention, 3(5), 84-85.
  • Payandeh, Mehrdad, Edris Sadeghi, Masoud Sadeghi, and Faezeh Gholami. "Diffuse large B-Cell Non-Hodgkin's of Bronchus-associated Lymphoid Tissue (BALT) Lymphomas: Case Report." American Journal of Cancer Prevention 3, no. 5 (2015): 84-85.

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1. Introduction

Bronchus-associated Lymphoid Tissue (BALT) lymphomas are a rare type of extranodal marginal zone lymphomas [1]. Primary malignant lymphoma of the lung may develop from bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT) [2]. Primary pulmonary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is particularly rare and occurs only in 10% cases of primary pulmonary NHL [3]. Herein we report a rare instance, diffuse large B cell type lymphoma can present primarily in the lung.

2. Case Report

A 57-year-old female patient was admitted to our clinic in November 2008, with complaints of shortness of breath, fever and a cough associated with the production of small amounts of phlegm. CT scan showed interstitial infiltration in between inspiratory (Figure 1). Pathological report revealed lymphoproliferative disorder (diffuse large B cell lymphoma) after left lung lobectomy. Percent of Ki67 was 60% of tumor cells and also BCL2, CD45, CD20, CD3 were positive but CD5, CD10, EMA, cytokeratrin, CD30 and CD15 were negative. She was treated with six cycles of chop (cyclophosphamide + doxorubicin + vincristine + prednisolone) chemotherapy. Chest radiographs demonstrated significantly reduced in the parnshymal tissue in both lungs (Figure 2).

Figure 1. Marked interstitial infiltration can be seen
Figure 2. Tumor size was significantly reduced in the parnshymal tissue

3. Discussion

Primary malignant non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas arising in mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) develop most frequently in the stomach, but also in the bowel, salivary glands, larynx, thyroid gland, and lung. Accordingly, when located in the lung, this lymphoma appears to arise from bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT) [2, 4]. Methods for the treatment of primary pulmonary DLBCL, including simple monitoring, surgery, chemotherapy and chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy, are controversial and there is no uniform treatment strategy [5]. To the best of our knowledge, patients with primary pulmonary DLBCL have no overt symptoms during the initial stages; however, as the disease progresses, they are likely to present with non‑specific symptoms, including dyspnea, cough, chest pain, sputum and other obstructive and infectious symptoms, as well as fever and weight loss [5]. Previously reported CT features of BALT lymphoma are the presence of consolidation with poorly defined margins and air bronchograms [2]. This indicates that anthracycline-based chemotherapy may be an optimal therapeutic strategy for patients with primary pulmonary DLBCL [6].

4. Conclusion

DLBCL of BALT is very rare with nonspecific signs and symptoms. Furthermore, CHOP chemotherapy may be an effective treatment of the disease.

References

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