Figure 17. Vertical deformation contours of pile group with the spacing of (a) 2D and (b) 8D

From

2D and 3D Numerical Simulation of Load-Settlement Behaviour of Axially Loaded Pile Foundations

Gowthaman S, Nasvi MCM

American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2017, 5(5), 187-195 doi:10.12691/ajcea-5-5-2