Open Access Peer-reviewed

Transformation of Slum and Squatter Settlements: A Way of Sustainable Living in Context of 21st Century Cities

Mania Tahsina Taher1,, Arefeen Ibrahim1,

1Department of Architecture, American International University-Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh

American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2014, 2(2), 70-76. DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-2-2-3
Published online: August 25, 2017


The Squatter settlements in many of 21st century urban cities are inevitable phenomena. Living condition in these settlements suffer from overcrowding, inadequate accommodation, limited access to clean water and sanitation, lack of proper waste disposal system and deteriorating air quality. Squatter settlements are increasingly seen by public decision-makers as ‘slums of hope’ rather than ‘slums of despair’. There is abundant evidence of innovative solutions developed by the poor to improve their own living environments. This paper will assess the question if ideas of contemporary architecture can be implemented in providing ecological living for squatter settlements, along with a discussion on probable suggestions in relation to their daily living pattern. The paper also presents several case studies of sustainable living in high-density urban areas and slum settlements in different context, finally concludes providing some strategies and policies that might be helpful to the policy makers in providing sustainable settlement for urban squatter dwellers.


urban squatter, sustainable, high-density, self-help, ecological living
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