Open Access Peer-reviewed

Ceramic Dust as Construction Material in Rigid Pavement

Electricwala Fatima1, Ankit Jhamb1, Rakesh Kumar1,

1Civil Engineering Department, S.V. National Institute of Technology Surat, Gujarat, India

American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2013, 1(5), 112-116. DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-1-5-5
Published online: August 25, 2017


Ceramic dust is produced as waste from ceramic bricks, roof and floor tiles and stoneware waste industries. Concrete (M35) was made by replacing % (up to 30%) of cement (OPC 53) grade with ceramic dust (passing 75µm) shows good workability, compressive strength, split-tensile strength, flexural strength and elastic modulus. In this experimental investigation, concrete specimens were tested at different age for different mechanical properties. The results show that with water – cement ratio (0.46), core compressive strength increase by 3.9% to 5.6% by replacing 20% cement content with ceramic dust. It was observed that no significant change in flexural strength and split-tensile strength when compared to the conventional concrete.


ceramic dust, cement, rigid pavement, flexural test
[1]  Nataraj, M.C., Nagaraj, T.S., Reddy, A., “proportioning concrete mixex with quarry wastes” Cem Conct Aggregate 23(2): 81-88, 2001.View Article
[2]  Hanifi Binici, “Effect of crushed ceramic and basaltic pumice as fine aggregates on concrete mortars properties” Construction and Building Materials 21 1191-1197, 2007.View Article
[3]  C. Medina, M.I, Sanchez, M. Frias, “Reuse of sanitary waste as coarse aggregate in eco- efficient concretes”, cement and concrete composites 34, 48-54, 2012.
[4]  Asokan Pappu, Mohini S., Shyam R.A., “Solid waste generation in India and their recycling potential in building material”, building and environment, 42, 2311-2320, 2007.
[5]  Pincha Torkittikul, Arnon Chaipanich, “Utilization of ceramic waste as fine aggregate within portland cement and fly ash concretes”, cement and concrete composites 32, 440-449,2010.
[6]  RM. Senthamarai, P. Devadas Manoharan, “Concrete with ceramic waste aggregate” Cement & Concrete Composites, 27,910-913, 2005.View Article
[7]  Nuran Ay, Mevlut Unal “The use of waste ceramic tile in cement production”, Cement and Concrete Research 30 497-499, 2000.View Article
[8]  RM. Senthamarai, P. Devadas Manoharan, D, Gobinath, “Concrete made from ceramic industry waste: durability properties” construction and building materials, 25, 2413-2419, 2011.
[9]  Venkatesha, M.C., Nawraj, B., A critical review of concrete road construction practice in India, 73 (3), 2012.
[10]  Gomes, M., de Brito, J. Structural concrete with incorporation of coarse recycled concrete and ceramic aggregates: durability performance. Materials and Structures, 42(5), 663-675, 2009.View Article
[11]  Silva,J.,de Brito, J., Veiga R. Fine ceramics replacing cement in mortars partial replacement of cement with fine ceramics in rendering mortars. Mater Struct. 41, 1334-44, 2008.View Article
[12]  Binici, H. Effect of crushed ceramic and basaltic pumice as fine aggregates on concrete mortars properties. Construction and Building Materials, 21 (6) 1191-1197, 2007.View Article
[13]  Frías, M., Rodríguez, O., Vegas, I. & Vigil, R. Properties of Calcined Clay Waste and its Influence on Blended Cement Behavior. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 91(4), 1226-1230, 2008.View Article
[14]  Guerra, I.; Vivar, I.; Llamas, B.; Juan, A.; Morán, J. M. Eco- efficient concretes: The effects os using recycled ceramic material from sanitary installations on the mechanical properties of concrete. Waste Management, 29 (2),2009).
[15]  Koyuncu, H.; Guney, Y.; Yilmaz, G.; Koyuncu, S.; Bakis, R. Utilization of ceramic wastes in the construction sector. Key Engineering Materials, 264-268, 2004.
[16]  Senthamarai, RM.; Devadas Manhoharan, P. Concrete with ceramic waste aggregate. Cement and Concrete Composites, 27(9-10) 910-913, 2005.View Article
[17]  F. Pacheco-Torgal, S. Jalali “Reusing ceramic wastes in concrete” Construction and Building Materials 24:832-838,2010.View Article
[18]  A.U. Ravi Shankar, H.V. Venkata Krishna & S.N. Suresh, “Concrete mix design aspects using flyash for rigid pavement for rural roads” Indian Highways, pg. no. 20-21, 2005.
[19]  IS: 456:2000, Indian Standard Code for Plain and reinforced concrete-code of practice, 4th Revision, BIS, New Delhi, 2000.
[20]  IS: 3812: 1998 specifications for fly ash for use as pozzolana and admixture, 4th Revision, BIS, New Delhi, 2009.
[21]  BIS 12269: 1987 Specification for 53 grade ordinary Portland cement 5th Revision, BIS, New Delhi, 1987.
[22]  BIS 383: 1970 Course and fine aggregate from natural sources for concrete 9th Revision, BIS, New Delhi, 1970.
[23]  IRC, 58-2012, Guidelines for the design of plain jointed rigid pavements for highway (Third revision), 2012.