Open Access Peer-reviewed

Effect of Stirrups Orientation on Flexural Response of RC Deep Beams

Atteshamuddin S. Sayyad1,, Subhash V. Patankar1

1Department of Civil Engineering, SRES’s college of Engineering, Kopargaon-423601, Maharashtra, India

American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2013, 1(5), 107-111. DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-1-5-4
Published online: August 25, 2017


In this paper, the effect of stirrup orientation on flexural response of reinforced concrete (RC) deep beams with two different shear-span-to-depth (a/d) ratios is presented. For RC beams with the same shear and flexural reinforcements, shear failure is most likely to occur in deep beams rather than in regular beams. Thus, solution for deep beams with shear deficiencies is of great importance. For that purpose a lateral, vertical and inclined stirrup design with two different ‘a/d’ ratios is proposed. A series of tests were carried out in order to demonstrate the effect of proposed design. The test results of proposed lateral stirrup design indicated the increase of load carrying capacity. The present study shows that the ‘a/d’ ratio has more influence on the shear capacity, as ‘a/d’ ratio increases, the shear strength increases in case of short deep beam. The relative effectiveness of lateral (horizontal), vertical and inclined web reinforcement on the load capacity is mainly influenced by the ‘a/d’ ratio. The strength considered for investigation is flexural strength. Beam of size 700mm X 150mm X 150mm for flexure strength. The specimens were water cured for 28 days and tested with 2 point load subsequently.


deep beam, orientation of stirrup, shear capacity, shear-spans-to-depth ratio, shear failure
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