Open Access Peer-reviewed

Effects of Music Genre and Music Language on Task Performance Among University of Botswana Students

Shyngle Kolawole Balogun1, Nicole M. Monteiro1,, Tshephiso Teseletso1

1Department of Psychology University of Botswana Gaborone, Botswana

American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2013, 1(3), 38-43. DOI: 10.12691/ajap-1-3-2
Published online: August 25, 2017


Equivocality on the influence of music on task performance led to the present study investigating the effects of music genre and music language on task performance. Using 60 students who were randomly assigned to a 2 X 3 ANOVA design under two conditions of music genre (Pop, Gospel) and three music language conditions (English, French, Setswana), the students were asked to perform a cognitive/perceptual task. It was revealed that performance was generally poor among the students but worse of under French language, whether Pop or Gospel, followed by Setswana language; while performance was better with English Pop music. It was concluded that the genre and language selection of music that students use to study may significantly impact task performance. As students listen to their music devices, they may be advised to choose their songs wisely to facilitate optimal arousal, attention and mood for better performance.


music genre, music language, task performance, botswana, university students
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