Open Access Peer-reviewed

Can Two-Dimensional Technology Measure Changes in the Swing of Elite Croquet Players Following a Self-Talk Intervention?

Jane E Magnusson1,, Hamish D McIntosh2

1School of Psychology, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand

2Department of Psychological Medicine, the University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand

American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2013, 1(1), 14-20. DOI: 10.12691/ajap-1-1-3
Published online: August 25, 2017


To assess the influence of self-talk on an athlete’s performance techniques are required to measure changes in skill execution but there are limitations to these techniques. Analysis of movement is often done in laboratory settings using three-dimensional motion-capture technology. The limitations of this approach make it impractical for most people to use and therefore we investigated if a high-speed video camera and two-dimensional software could measure changes in the swing of elite croquet players across different self-talk conditions. Significant differences were found for the timing of the backswing and downswing with mallet angle at follow-through approaching significance. These results are promising in relation to detecting changes in performance with two-dimensional techniques but there are limitations that must be considered regarding conclusions drawn from such findings.


sport psychology, self-talk, mental skills, croquet
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