﻿ Some Properties of Skew Uniform Distribution

### Some Properties of Skew Uniform Distribution

Salah H Abid

American Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics OPEN ACCESSPEER-REVIEWED

## Some Properties of Skew Uniform Distribution

Salah H Abid

Mathematics Department, Education College, Al-Mustansirya University, Baghdad, Iraq

### Abstract

There is one work that appears to give some details of the skew uniform distribution, this work due to Aryal and Nadarajah [Random Operators and stochastic equations, Vol.12, No.4, pp.319-330, 2004]. They defined a random variable X to have the skew uniform distribution such that fx(x)=2g(x)Gx), where g(.) and G(.) denote the probability density function (pdf) and the cumulative distribution function (cdf) of the uniform distribution respectively. In this paper, we construct a new skewed distribution with pdf of the form 2f(x)Gx), where θ is a real number, f(.) is taken to be uniform (-a,a) while G(.) comes from uniform (-b,b). We derive some properties of the new skewed distribution, the r th moment, mean, variance, skewness, kurtosis, moment generating function, characteristic function, hazard rate function, median, Rѐnyi entropy and Shannon entropy. We also consider the generating issues.

• Salah H Abid. Some Properties of Skew Uniform Distribution. American Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2015, pp 164-167. http://pubs.sciepub.com/ajams/3/4/6
• Abid, Salah H. "Some Properties of Skew Uniform Distribution." American Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics 3.4 (2015): 164-167.
• Abid, S. H. (2015). Some Properties of Skew Uniform Distribution. American Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, 3(4), 164-167.
• Abid, Salah H. "Some Properties of Skew Uniform Distribution." American Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics 3, no. 4 (2015): 164-167.

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### 1. Introduction

The skew-uniform distributions have been introduced by many authors, e.g. Gupta et al. [3], Aryal, G. and Nadarajah, S. [1], Nadarajah, S. and Kotz, S. [5]. This class of distributions includes the uniform distribution and possesses several properties which coincide or are close to the properties of the uniform family. Aryal, G. and Nadarajah, S. [1] defined a random variable to have the skew uniform distribution such that , where and denote the probability density function (pdf) and the cumulative distribution function (cdf) of the uniform distribution respectively. In this paper, we introduce a new skewed distribution with pdf of the form , where is a real number, is taken to be uniform while comes from uniform .

The uniform and the uniform distributions [4] have the following pdfs respectilely,

 (1)
 (2)

Where, and .

A random variable is said to have the skew-uniform distribution if its pdf is,

 (3)
 (4)

The main feature of the skew-uniform distribution in (3) is that a new parameter is introduced to control skewness and kurtosis. Thus (3) allows for a greater degree of flexibility and we can expect this to be useful in many more practical situations.

It follows from (3) that the pdf and cdf of X are,

 (5)
 (6)

Respectively.

Throughout the rest of this paper (unless otherwise stated) we shall assume that , since the corresponding results for can be obtained using the fact that has the pdf . When and , (5) reduces to the standard uniform pdf (1).

Figure 1.a illustrates the shape of the pdf (5) at different values of and = 0.5, =1.

### 2. Moments

Using direct integration, it is easy to show that the rth moment of is given by,

Since,

Then,

 (7)
Veiw figureFigures index
Figure 1. (a) the shape of f(x) at different values of a and =0.5 , b=1; (b) mean at a=3, b=1 and ; (c) Var(x) at a=3, b=1 and ; (d) Skewness at a=3, b=1 and ; (e) Kurtosis at a=3, b=1 and ; (f) Mean and Kurtosis at a=3, b=1 and

It follows from (7) that the mean, variance, skewness and the kurtosis of are

 (8)
 (9)

Which implies to,

 (10)

Which implies to,

 (11)

Figure 1.b,c,d,e,f illustrates the behavior of the above four measures at , and .

### 3. The Characteristic Function

The characteristic function (cf) [7] of a random variable X is defined by , where When has the pdf (5) direct integration yields that,

 (12)
 (13)

Since the moment generating function (mgf) is then,

 (14)

### 4. Hazard Rate Function

Since the reliability function, , is,

 (15)

Then, after some simple steps, one can get the hazard function as follows,

 (16)

The hazard rate function is an important quantity characterizing life phenomena.

### 5. Entropy

An entropy of a random variable is a measure of variation of the uncertainty. Rѐnyi entropy is defined by [6],

Now, since

So,

 (17)

The Shannon entropy [2] can be found as follows,

Since,

Then,

 (18)

### 6. Generation procedure

By using the inverse transform method and some logical aspects, one can generate the random variable as follows,

 (19)

Where is a uniformly distributed random variable in the interval [0,1].

From (6) and (19), one can get the median of as follows,

 (20)

### 7. Summary and Conclusions

In spite of the great importance of the uniform distribution uses, but unfortunately the form of the distribution and its properties reduced the distribution applications, especially in real life. This issue has made us think to construct other distributions based on the uniform distribution, So that the new distribution have flexible form and properties to represent a lot of other applications.

In this paper, we construct a new skewed distribution with pdf of the form , where is a real number, is taken to be uniform while comes from uniform . We derive some properties of the new skewed distribution, the r th moment, mean, variance, skewness, kurtosis, moment generating function, characteristic function, hazard rate function, median, Rѐnyi entropy and Shannon entropy. We also consider the generating issues.

### References

 [1] Aryal, G. and Nadarajah, S. (2004) “On the skew uniform distribution” Random Oper. and stoch. Equ., Vol.12, No.4, pp. 319-330. In article View Article [2] Gray, R. (2011) “Entropy and Information Theory” second edition, Springer. In article View Article [3] Gupta, A. & Chang, F. and Huang, W. (2002)” Some skew-symmetric models” Random Oper. and Stoch. Equ., Vol.10, No.2, pp. 133-140. In article View Article [4] Johnson, N. & Kotz, K. and Balakrishnan, N. (1995) “Continuous Univariate Distributions”, Volume 2, 2nd Edition , wiley series. In article [5] Nadarajah, S. and Kotz, S. (2005) “skewed distributions generated by the Cauchy kernel” , Brazilian Jour. of Prob. and Stat., 19, pp. 39-51. In article [6] R´enyi, A. (1961) “On measures of entropy and information” in Proceedings of the 4th Berkeley Symposium on Mathematical Statistics and Probability, Vol. I, pp. 547-561, University of California Press, Berkeley. In article [7] Roussas, G. (2014). “A Course in Mathematical Statistics” , third edition, Academic Press. In article
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