A Study on New Sequence of Functions Involving -Function
1Department of Mathematics, Anand International College of Engineering, Jaipur, India
2Department of Mathematics, Fateh College for Women, RampuraPhul, Bathinda, India
3Department of Mathematics, Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur, India
A remarkably large number of operational techniques have drawn the attention of several researchers in the study of sequence of functions and polynomials. Very recently, Agarwal and Chand gave certain new sequence of functions involving the special functions in their series of papers. In this sequel, here, we aim to introduce a new sequence of functions involving the Generalized Mellin-Barnes Type of Contour Integrals by using operational techniques. Some generating relations and finite summation formulae of the sequence presented here are also considered. These generating relations and finite summation formulae are unified in nature and act as key formulae from which, we can obtain as their special cases.
Keywords: Special function, generating relations, - function, sequence of functions
American Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, 2014 2 (1),
Received October 12, 2013; Revised January 01, 2014; Accepted January 15, 2014Copyright © 2013 Science and Education Publishing. All Rights Reserved.
Cite this article:
- Agarwal, Praveen, Mehar Chand, and Saket Dwivedi. "A Study on New Sequence of Functions Involving -Function." American Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics 2.1 (2014): 34-39.
- Agarwal, P. , Chand, M. , & Dwivedi, S. (2014). A Study on New Sequence of Functions Involving -Function. American Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, 2(1), 34-39.
- Agarwal, Praveen, Mehar Chand, and Saket Dwivedi. "A Study on New Sequence of Functions Involving -Function." American Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics 2, no. 1 (2014): 34-39.
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The idea of representing the processes of calculus, derivation, and integration, as operators is called operational technique; it is also known as operational Calculus. Many operational technique involving various special functions, have found significant importance and applications in various sub field of applicable mathematical analysis. Several applications of operational techniques can be found in the problems in analysis, in particular differential equations are transformed into algebraic problems, usually the problem of solving a polynomial equation. Since last four decades, a number of workers like Chak , Gould and Hopper , Chatterjea , Singh , Srivastava and Singh , Mittal [15, 16, 17], Chandal [7, 8], Srivastava , Joshi and Parjapat , Patil and Thakare  and Srivastava and Singh  have studied in depth, the properties, applications and different extensions of the various operational techniques.
The key element of the operational technique is to consider differentiation as an operator acting on functions. Linear differential equations can then be recast in the form of an operator valued function F(D) of the operator D acting on the unknown function equals the known function. Solutions are then obtained by making the inverse operator of F act on the known function.
Indeed, a remarkably large number of sequences of functions involving a variety of special functions have been developed by many authors (see, for example, ; for a very recent work, see also [2, 3, 4, 22]). Here, we aim at presenting a new sequence of functions involvingthe function, by using operational techniques. Some generating relations and finite summation formula are alsoobtained.
For our purpose, we begin by recalling some known functions and earlier works.
In 1971, the Rodrigues formula for generalized Lagurre polynomials is given by Mittal  as follows:
where is a polynomial in of degree .
Mittal  also proved following relation for (1) as follows:
where is constant and .
In 1979, Srivastava and Singh  studied a sequence of functions defined by:
By employing the operator, where is constant and is a polynomial in of degree
A new sequence of function involving the well-known function, introduced in this paper is defined as follows:
where , and are constants, , is finite and non-negative integer, is a polynomial in of degree and is a well known -function is defined and represented in the following manner (see,  and see also, [1, 5]):
It may be noted that the contains fractional powers of some of the gamma function and are integers such that are positive real numbers and may take non-integer values, which we assume to be positive for standardization purpose. and are complex numbers.
The behavior of the -function for small values of follows easily from a result given by Rathie :
The following function which follows as special cases of the -function will be required in the sequel 
Some generating relations and finite summation formulae of class of polynomials or sequence of function have been obtained by using the properties of the differential operators. , where , is based on the work of Mittal , Patil and Thakare , Srivastava and Singh .
Some useful Operational Techniques are given below:
2. Generating Relations
Here we start with presenting three generating relations involving new sequence of function (4), stated below.
First generating relation:
Second generating relation:
Third generating relation:
Proof of the first generating relation:
From (4), Let us consider
Using operational technique (11), above equation (19) reduces to
after replacing by , we get the desired result (16).
Proof of the Second generating relation:
Again from (4), we have
Using the (12), we get
This complete the proof of secod generating relation.
Proof of the third generating relation:
We can write (4) as follows
On using the operational technique (11), (24) becomes
which upon using (23), gives
Therefore, we get
Finally by replacing by, we get the (18). This completes the proof of third generation relation.
Remark: If we set some suitable parametric replacement in (16), (17) and (18) respectively, then we can arrive at the known results (see, [2-11,15,16,17,18,21,22])
3. Finite Summation Formulas
In this section, we establish certain finite summation formulas, some of which are presumably (new) ones.
First finite summation formula:
Secondfinite summation formula:
Proof of First finite summation formula:
From equation (4), we have
Using the operational technique (13) on (30), we get
Using the result (14), The equation (31) becomes
Put and replacing by in (30), we get
After little simplification, we get
Finally from (32) and (34), we get the desired result (28).
Proof of secondfinite summation formula:
Equation (4) can be written as
Applying the (11) on (35), we get
Applying (15) on (36) then equation (36) reduces in to the form
Now equating the coefficient of both the sides, we get
Finally, by using the equation (4) on (37), we get the result (29).
4. Special Cases
a. If we put -function reduces to Fox’s H-function [, p. 10, Eqn. (2.1.1)], then the equation (16), (17) and (18) takes the following form
b. If we put , then the -function reduces to general type of G-function  i.e.
the equation (16), (17) and (18) takes the following form:
If we put , then the -function reduces to generalized wright hypergeometric function  i.e.
the equation (16), (17) and (18) takes the following form:
In this paper, we have presented a new sequence of functions involving the -functionby using operational techniques. With the help of our main sequence formula, some generating relations and finite summation formulae of the sequence are also presented here. Our sequence formula is important due to presence of -function. On account of the most general nature of the -functiona large number of sequences and polynomials involving simpler functions can be easily obtained as their special cases but due to lack of space we cannot mention here.
The authors would like to express their deep gratitude for the reviewer's careful and through reading of this paper to point out several suggestions for the improvements.
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