## Similar Constructing Method for Solving the Boundary Value Problem of the Composite First Weber System

**Dong Xiaoxu**^{1,}, **Li Shunchu**^{1}, **Gui Dongdong**^{2}, **Pu Jun**^{1}, **Li Huichun**^{3}

^{1}School of Mathematics and Computer Engineering, Xihua University, Chengdu, China

^{2}Beijing Dongrunke Petroleum Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing, China

^{3}Geological Research Department of the Fourth Oil Production Plant of DaGang Oilfield Company, Tianjin, China

### Abstract

In this paper, we solve a class of boundary value problems of the composite first Weber system. In the process of solving the problem, first of all, we introduce functions of guide solution. Secondly, we constructive similar kernel functions. Finally, solutions with a form of continued fraction product to boundary value problem of the composite first Weber system are obtained by assembling coefficients of the non-homogeneous left boundary condition, functions of guide solution, coefficients of two connection conditions and similar kernel functions. Then a new method is obtained for solving the composite boundary value problem-Similar Constructing Method (shortened as SCM). This method is not only simple and effective for solving the complicated boundary value problem of differential system, but also is a kind of innovative idea.

**Keywords:** boundary value problem, composite Weber system, similar constructing method, similar kernel function, function of guide solution

*American Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics*, 2013 1 (4),
pp 76-82.

DOI: 10.12691/ajams-1-4-5

Received July 21, 2013; Revised August 16, 2013; Accepted September 25, 2013

**Copyright:**© 2013 Science and Education Publishing. All Rights Reserved.

### Cite this article:

- Xiaoxu, Dong, et al. "Similar Constructing Method for Solving the Boundary Value Problem of the Composite First Weber System."
*American Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics*1.4 (2013): 76-82.

- Xiaoxu, D. , Shunchu, L. , Dongdong, G. , Jun, P. , & Huichun, L. (2013). Similar Constructing Method for Solving the Boundary Value Problem of the Composite First Weber System.
*American Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics*,*1*(4), 76-82.

- Xiaoxu, Dong, Li Shunchu, Gui Dongdong, Pu Jun, and Li Huichun. "Similar Constructing Method for Solving the Boundary Value Problem of the Composite First Weber System."
*American Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics*1, no. 4 (2013): 76-82.

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### 1. Introduction

As is known to all, a lot of mathematical models, which are abstracted from engineering technical problems such as heat conduction of composite material and seepage in composite medium, can be attributed to models for solving boundary value problems of composite ordinary differential system. Thus acquiring the solution to the boundary value problem is very important for solving practical engineering problems.

At the beginning of this century, the thought of similar structure of the solution began to form. Li Shunchu and others studied solutions to some second order linear homogeneous ordinary differential equations [1-8]^{[1]}, partial differential equations which can be transformed into ordinary differential equations ^{[9, 10, 11, 12]} and some seepage equations in oil and gas reservoir engineering^{ }[13-26]^{[13]} respectively. Some gratifying results have been achieved that solutions to boundary value problems of differential equations can be expressed as a continued fraction or continued fraction product form (i.e. solutions have the similar structure) by introducing the similar kernel functions, while structure of solutions only are associated with the non-homogeneous boundary condition, and similar kernel functions are associated with the governing equation and other homogeneous boundary condition.

Based on the above study, this paper will study a class of boundary value problems of the composite first Weber system. Firstly, we structure functions of guide solution of left region by using two linear independent solutions to governing equation of left region of the boundary value problem and structure functions of guide solution of right region by using two linear independent solutions to governing equations of right region of the boundary value problem respectively. Secondly, we structure the similar kernel function of right region by using functions of guide solution of right region and coefficients of the right homogeneous boundary condition and structure the similar kernel function of left region by using functions of guide solution of left region, coefficients of two connection conditions and the right similar kernel function. Finally, the solution of left region to boundary value problem is obtained by assembling coefficients of the left non-homogeneous boundary condition and the similar kernel function of left region. The solution of right region to boundary value problem is obtained by assembling coefficients of the left non-homogeneous boundary condition, similar kernel functions of left and right region, coefficients of two connection conditions and functions of guide solution of left region.

In this paper, boundary value problem of the composite first Weber system is studied as follows:

(1) |

where are constant, ,.

### 2. Preliminary Knowledge

**2.1. Lemma 1**

With the variable substitutions, the first Weber equations can be transformed into Hermite equations of order as follows ^{[27]}.

(2) |

**2.1.1. Proof**

By taking variable substitution for the first Weber equation and calculating first-order derivative and two-order derivative of to (i.e.), the first Weber equation can be transformed into the equation as follows:

Where, Eq. (2) is the Hermite equation of order.

**2.2. Lemma 2**

General solution to the first Weber equation can be expressed as^{ }^{[27]}:

(3) |

whereare arbitrarily real constants, and, are the first and the second class of Hermite functions of order.

**2.2.1. Proof**

General solution to the Hermite equation can be expressed as:

According to the lemma 1, we let, and then general solution to the first Weber equation can be obtained as follows:

**2.3. Lemma 3**

are two linear independent solutions to the first Weber equations. Defining functions of guide solution as follows:

(4) |

(5) |

(6) |

(7) |

wheredenotes left region, denotes right region.

### 3. The Main Theorem and Its Proof

**3.1. Theorem**

If the boundary value problem (1) has unique solution, then the solution of left region is expressed as:

(8) |

and the solution of right region is expressed as:

(9) |

whereis called the similar kernel function of right region:

(10) |

andis called the similar kernel function of left region:

(11) |

**3.1.1. Proof**

According to the lemma 2, we know that general solutions to governing equations of left and right region of the boundary value problem (1) are

(12) |

We calculate derivative of to:

(13) |

By substituting Eqs.(12) and (13) into left and right boundary conditions and two connection conditions of the boundary value problem (1), we obtain the following equations respectively:

(14) |

(15) |

(16) |

(17) |

According to the uniqueness of solution to the boundary value problem (1), we know that the coefficient determinant of linear system (Eqs.(14) ~ (17)) about undetermined coefficients is not equal to zero, and

(18) |

Values of can be obtained by using the Cramer rule as follows:

(19) |

(20) |

(21) |

(22) |

By substituting values of (19)-(22) into Eq.(12) and using the similar kernel function of right region Eq.(10) and the similar kernel function of left region Eq.(11), solutions of left and right regions to the boundary value problem (1) are obtained respectively. i.e. Eq.(8) and Eq.(9).

**3.1.2. Corollary 1**

In** **the boundary value problem (1), if the right boundary condition is (i.e.), the corresponding similar kernel function of right region is

**3.1.3. Corollary 2**

In** **the boundary value problem (1), if the right boundary condition is (i.e.), the corresponding similar kernel function of right region is

**3.1.4. Corollary 3**

The first continued fraction, which belongs to the structure of the solution (i.e. Eq. (8)) to the boundary value problem (1), has the following property:

(23) |

### 4. Steps of the SCM

According to the proof of lemma 2 and theorem 1, it is easy to induce steps of the SCM for solving the boundary value problem of the composite first Weber system. The concrete steps are as follows:

**4.1. Step 1 Constructing Functions of Guide Solution**

we structure the function of guide solution of left region by using two linear independent solutions and to the governing equation of the left region of the boundary value problem (1) and structure the function of guide solution of right region by using two linear independent solutions and to the governing equation of the left region of the boundary value problem (1) as follows: . Other functions of guide solution can be obtained by calculating partial derivatives of to, respectively.

**4.2. Step 2 Constructing Similar Kernel Functions of Left and Right Regions**

The similar kernel function of right region of the boundary value problem (1) can be structured by using functions of guide solution of right region and coefficients, of the homogeneous right boundary condition, as shown Eq.(10). Further we calculate .The similar kernel function of left region of the boundary value problem (1) can be structured by using functions of guide solution of left region, coefficients, of two connection conditions and , as shown Eq.(11). Further we calculate.

**4.3. Step 3 Obtaining Solutions to the Boundary Value Problem**

To the boundary value problem (1), the solution of the left region can be obtained by assembling coefficients,,of the non-homogeneous left boundary condition, the similar kernel function of left region and , as shown Eq.(8). The solution of the right region can be obtained by assembling the coefficients,,of the non-homogeneous left boundary condition, the function of guide solution of left region, coefficients, of two connection conditions, the similar kernel function of right region, and , as shown Eq.(9).

### 5. The Application of the SCM

Solving the boundary value problem as follows:

(24) |

Comparing with the boundary value problem (1) and (24), we know that . Governing equations of left and right regions of the boundary value problem (24) are the first Weber equation, then two linear independent solutions of the left governing equation are and , and two linear independent solutions of the right governing equation are and . According to steps of the SCM, we solve the boundary value problem (24).

**5.1. Step 1 Constructing Functions of Guide Solution**

According to Eqs.(4) ~ (7), we structure functions of guide solution of left and right regions as follows:

**5.2. Step 2 Constructing Similar Kernel Functions of Left and Right Regions**

According to the Eq.(10), we structure the similar kernel function of right region of the boundary value problem (24) as follows:

Since

^{[27]},

so

Let, then

Then according to the Eq. (11), we structure the left similar kernel function of the boundary value problem (24) as follows:

Since

^{[27]},

So

Let, then

**5.3. Step 3 Obtaining Solutions of The Boundary Value Problem (24)**

According to Eqs.(8) and (9), solutions of left and right regions of the boundary value problem (24) can be obtained respectively as follows:

where

^{[27]}.

### 6. Conclusions and Understanding

(1) In the process of solving the boundary value problem of the composite first Weber system, we just need to obtain two linear independent solutions to governing equation of left region and two linear independent solutions to governing equation of right region of the boundary value problem respectively. Then according to Steps of the SCM, we can obtain solutions to the boundary value problem. Thus, using SCM can avoid the tedious calculation process.

(2) According to structural equations of similar kernel functions Eqs. (10) and (11) and structural equations of solutions of the boundary value problem (1) Eqs. (8) and (9), we know that we only need to change coefficients of boundary conditions to obtain solutions to the boundary value problem (1), when boundary conditions of the boundary value problem (1) change. Thus, Similar Constructing Method is simple and effective for solving the complicated boundary value problem of differential system.

### Acknowledgement

This works is supported the Natural Science Key Projects of the Education Bureau of (Grant No. 12ZA164) and the by the Innovation Fund of Postgraduate Xihua University (Grant No. Ycjj201310).

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